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Introduction to Nuclear Engineering / Edition 4

Introduction to Nuclear Engineering / Edition 4

by John R. Lamarsh, Anthony J. Baratta


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Introduction to Nuclear Engineering / Edition 4

For junior- and senior-level courses in Nuclear Engineering.

Applying nuclear engineering essentials to the modern world

Introduction to Nuclear Engineering , 4th Edition reflects changes in the industry since the 2001 publication of its predecessor. With recent data and information, including expanded discussions about the worldwide nuclear renaissance and the development and construction of advanced plant designs, the text aims to provide students with a modern, high-level introduction to nuclear engineering. The nuclear industry is constantly in flux, and the 4th Edition helps students understand real-world applications of nuclear technology—in the United States and across the globe.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780134570051
Publisher: Pearson
Publication date: 01/23/2017
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 816
Sales rank: 176,926
Product dimensions: 7.30(w) x 9.20(h) x 1.30(d)

About the Author

John R. Lamarsh (deceased) was the head of the nuclear engineering department at the Polytechnic Institute of New York (now the New York University Tandon School of Engineering). He was considered an expert on nuclear energy policy and safety, nuclear weapons proliferation, and was appointed administrative judge of the Federal Nuclear Regulatory Commission. He served as a consultant to the Brookhaven National Laboratory, the National Science Foundation, the Federal Office of Technology Assessment and the Library of Congress. He was the author of many articles and several textbooks, including ''Introduction to Nuclear Engineering'' and ''Nuclear Reactor Theory.''

Anthony Baratta received the B.A/B.S. degrees in physics/applied physics from Columbia University in 1968 and the M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in physics from Brown University in 1970 and 1978, respectively. He is Professor Emeritus of Nuclear Engineering, The Pennsylvania State University retiring in 2003. While at Penn State, his research interests and contributions include reactor safety, reactor kinetics and physics, and the effects of radiation on materials. He has authored many scientific publications and made numerous presentations.

After his retirement he was appointed as the Associate Chief Judge of the Atomic Safety and Licensing Board Panel, US Nuclear Regulatory Commission where he served until 2015. He is currently a part-time judge with the panel and an active member of the American Nuclear Society. He has appeared on many network television and radio broadcasts as an authority on reactor accidents, including the accidents at Three Mile Island and Fukushima.

Table of Contents

1. Nuclear Engineering

2. Atomic and Nuclear Physics

2.1 Fundamental Particles

2.2 Atomic and Nuclear Structures

2.3 Atomic and Molecular Weights

2.4 Atomic and Nuclear Radii

2.5 Mass and Energy

2.6 Particle Wavelengths

2.7 Excited States and Radiation

2.8 Nuclear Stability and Radioactive Decay

2.9 Radioactivity Calculations

2.10 Nuclear Reactions

2.11 Binding Energy

2.12 Nuclear Models

2.13 Gases, Liquids, and Solids

2.14 Atom Density



3. Interaction of Radiation with Matter

3.1 Neutron Interactions

3.2 Cross Sections

3.3 Neutron Attenuation

3.4 Neutron Flux

3.5 Neutron Cross Section Data

3.6 Energy Loss in Scattering Collisions

3.7 Fission

3.8 y-Ray Interactions with Matter

3.9 Charged Particles



4. Nuclear Reactors and Nuclear Power

4.1 The Fission Chain Reaction

4.2 Nuclear Reactor Fuels

4.3 Non-Nuclear Components of Nuclear Power Plants

4.4 Components of Nuclear Reactors

4.5 Power Reactors and Nuclear Steam Supply Systems

4.6 Nuclear Cycles

4.7 Isotope Separation

4.8 Fuel Reprocessing

4.9 Radioactive Waste Disposal



5. Neutron Diffusion and Moderation

5.1 Neutron Flux

5.2 Fick’s Law

5.3 The Equation of Continuity

5.4 The Diffusion Equation

5.5 Boundary Conditions

5.6 Solutions of the Diffusion Equation

5.7 The Diffusion Length

5.8 The Group-Diffusion Method

5.9 Thermal Neutron Diffusion

5.10 Two-Group Calculation of Neutron Moderation



6. Nuclear Reactor Theory

6.1 One-Group Reactor Equation

6.2 The Slab Reactor

6.3 Other Reactor Shapes

6.4 The One-Group Critical Equation

6.5 Thermal Reactors

6.6 Reflected Reactors

6.7 Multigroup Calculations

6.8 Heterogeneous Reactors



7. The Time-Dependent Reactor

7.1 Classification of Time Problems

7.2 Reactor Kinetics

7.3 Control Rods and Chemical Shim

7.4 Temperature Effects on Reactivity

7.5 Fission Product Poisoning

7.6 Core Properties During Lifetime



8. Heat Removal from Nuclear Reactors

8.1 General Thermodynamic Considerations

8.2 Heat Generation in Reactors

8.3 Heat Flow by Conduction

8.4 Heat Transfer to Coolants

8.5 Boiling Heat Transfer

8.6 Thermal Design of a Reactor



9. Radiation Protection

9.1 History of Radiation Effects

9.2 Radiation Units

9.3 Some Elementary Biology

9.4 The Biological Effects of Radiation

9.5 Quantitative Effects of Radiation on the Human Species

9.6 Calculations of Radiation Effects

9.7 Natural and Man-Made Radiation Sources

9.8 Standards of Radiation Protection

9.9 Computations of Exposure and Dose

9.10 Standards for Intake of Radionuclides

9.11 Exposure from y-Ray Sources




10. Radiation Shielding

10.1 Gamma-Ray Shielding: Buildup Factors

10.2 Infinite Planar and Disc Sources

10.3 The Line Source

10.4 Internal Sources

10.5 Multilayered Shields

10.6 Nuclear Reactor Shielding: Principles of Reactor Shielding

10.7 Removal Cross Sections

10.8 Reactor Shield Design: Removal—Attenuation Calculations

10.9 The Removal—Diffusion Method

10.10 Exact Methods

10.11 Shielding y-Rays

10.12 Coolant Activation

10.13 Ducts in Shields



11. Reactor Licensing, Safety, and the Environment

11.1 Governmental Authority and Responsibility

11.2 Reactor Licensing

11.3 Principles of Nuclear Power Plant Safety

11.4 Dispersion of Effluents from Nuclear Facilities

11.5 Radiation Doses from Nuclear Plants

11.6 Reactor Siting

11.7 Reactor Accidents

11.8 Accident Risk Analysis

11.9 Environmental Radiation Doses




I. Units and Conversion Factors 743

II. Fundamental Constants and Data 749

III. Vector Operations in Orthogonal Curvilinear Coordinates 759

IV. Thermodynamic and Physical Properties 765

V. Bessel Functions



Preface to Third Edition

This revision is derived from personal experiences in teaching introductory and advanced level nuclear engineering courses at the undergraduate level. In keeping with the original intent of John Lamarsh, every attempt is made to retain his style and approach to nuclear engineering education. Since the last edition, however, considerable changes have occurred in the industry. The changes include the development of advanced plant designs, the significant scale-back in plant construction, the extensive use of high speed computers, and the opening of the former Eastern Block countries and of the Soviet Union. From a pedagogical view, the World Wide Web allows access to many resources formerly only available in libraries. Attempts are made to include some of these resources in this edition.

In an attempt to update the text to include these technologies and to make the text useful for the study of non-western design reactors, extensive changes are made to Chapter 4, Nuclear Reactors and Nuclear Power. The chapter is revised to include a discussion of Soviet-design reactors and technology. The use, projection, and cost of nuclear power worldwide is updated to the latest available information.

In Chapter 11, Reactor Licensing and Safety, the Chernobyl accident is discussed along with the latest reactor safety study, NURG 1150. A section is also included that describes non-power nuclear accidents such, as Tokai-Mura.

The basic material in Chapters 2-7 is updated to include newer references and to reflect the author's experience in teaching nuclear engineering.

Throughout the text, thereferences are updated were possible to include more recent publications. In many topic areas, references to books that are dated and often out of print had to be retained, since there are no newer ones available. Since these books are usually available in college libraries, they should be available to most readers.

Chapter 9 is retained in much its same form but is updated to include a more complete discussion of the SI system of units and of changes in philosophy that have occurred in radiation protection. Since many of these changes have yet to reach general usage, however, the older discussions are still included.

As in the second edition, several errors were corrected and undoubtedly new ones introduced. Gremlins never sleep!

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