ISBN-10:
0131019880
ISBN-13:
9780131019881
Pub. Date:
08/28/2003
Publisher:
Prentice Hall
Introduction to PSpice Using OrCAD for Circuits and Electronics / Edition 3

Introduction to PSpice Using OrCAD for Circuits and Electronics / Edition 3

by Muhammad Rashid

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780131019881
Publisher: Prentice Hall
Publication date: 08/28/2003
Edition description: Subsequent
Pages: 480
Product dimensions: 6.98(w) x 9.16(h) x 0.73(d)

About the Author

Muhammad H. Rashid received the B.Sc. degree in electrical engineering from the Bangladesh University of Engineering and Technology and the M.Sc. and Ph.D. degrees from the University of Birmingham, UK.

Currently, he is a Professor of electrical engineering with the University of Florida and the Director of the OF/UWF Joint Program in Electrical and Computer Engineering. Previously, he was a Professor of electrical engineering and the Chair of the Engineering Department at Indiana University-Purdue University at Fort Wayne. In addition, he was a Visiting Assistant Professor of electrical engineering at the University of Connecticut, Associate Professor of electrical engineering at Concordia University (Montreal, Canada), Professor of electrical engineering at Purdue University, Calumet, and Visiting Professor of electrical engineering at King Fahd University of Petroleum and Minerals, Saudi Arabia. He has also been employed as a design and development engineer with Brush Electrical Machines Ltd. (UK), as a Research Engineer with Lucas Group Research Centre (UK), and as a Lecturer and Head of Control Engineering Department at the Higher Institute of Electronics (Malta). He is actively involved in teaching, researching, and lecturing in power electronics. He has published 14 books and more than 100 technical papers. His books have been adopted as textbooks all over the world. His book Power Electronics has been translated into Spanish, Portuguese, Indonesian, Korean and Persian. His book Microelectronics has been translated into Spanish in Mexico and Spain. He has had many invitations from foreign governments and agencies to be a keynote lecturer and consultant, from foreign universities to serve as an external Ph.D. examiner, and from funding agencies to serve as a research proposal reviewer. His contributions in education have been recognized by foreign governments and agencies. He has previously lectured and consulted for NATO for Turkey in 1994, UNDP for Bangladesh in 1989 and 1994, Saudi Arabia in 1993, Pakistan in 1993, Malaysia in 1995 and 2002, and Bangkok in 2002, and has been invited by foreign universities in Australia, Canada, Hong Kong, India, Malaysia, Singapore to serve as an external examiner for undergraduate, master's and Ph.D. degree examinations, by funding agencies in Australia, Canada, United States, and Hong Kong to review research proposals, and by U.S. and foreign universities to evaluate promotion cases for professorship. He has previously authored seven books published by Prentice Hall: Power Electronics–Circuits, Devices, and Applications (1988, 2/e 1993), SPICE For Power Electronics (1993), SPICE for Circuits and Electronics Using Pspice (1990, 2/e 1995), Electromechanical and Electrical Machinery (1986), and Engineering Design for Electrical Engineers (1990). He has authored five IEEE self-study guides: Self-Study Guide on Fundamentals of Power Electronics, Power Electronics Laboratory Using PSpice, Selected Readings on SPICE Simulation of Power Electronics, and Selected Readings on Power Electronics (IEEE Press, 1996) and Microelectronics Laboratory Using Electronics Workbench (IEEE Press, 2000). He also wrote two books: Electronic Circuit Design using Electronics Workbench (January 1998), and Microelectronic Circuits Analysis and Design (April 1999) by PWS Publishing). He is editor of Power Electronics Handbook published by Academic Press, 2001.

Dr. Rashid is a registered Professional Engineer in the Province of Ontario (Canada), a registered Chartered Engineer (UK), a Fellow of the Institution of Electrical Engineers (IEE, UK) and a Fellow of the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE, USA). He was elected as an IEEE Fellow with the citation "Leadership in power electronics education and contributions to the analysis and design methodologies of solid-state power converters." He was the recipient of the 1991 Outstanding Engineer Award from The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE). He received the 2002 IEEE Educational Activity Award (EAB) Meritorious Achievement Award in Continuing Education with the citation "for contributions to the design and delivery of continuing education in power electronics and computer-aided-simulation". He was also an ABET program evaluator for electrical engineering from 1995 to 2000 and he is currently an engineering evaluator for the Southern Association of Colleges and Schools (SACS, USA). He has been elected as an IEEE-Industry Applications Society (IAS) Distinguished Lecturer. He is the Editor-in-Chief of the Power Electronics and Applications Series, published by CRC Press.

Read an Excerpt

The Engineering Accreditation Commission of the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (EAC/ ABET) requirements specify the integration of computeraided analysis and design in electrical and computer engineering curricula. SPICE is very popular software for analyzing electrical and electronic circuits. The MicroSim Corporation first introduced the PSpice simulator, which can run on personal computers (PCs). It is similar to the University of California (UC) Berkeley SPICE. The student version of PSpice, which is available free to students, is ideal for classroom use and for assignments requiring computer-aided simulation and analysis. PSpice widens the scope for the integration of computer-aided simulation to circuits and electronics courses for undergraduate and graduate students.

It may not be possible to add a one-credit-hour course on SPICE to integrate computer-aided analysis in circuits and electronics courses. However, students need some basic knowledge of how to use SPICE. They are constantly under pressure with course loads and do not always have the free time to read the details of SPICE, PSpice, or OrCAD from manuals and books of a general nature.

This book is the outcome of the author's experience in integrating SPICE in circuits and electronics courses at the 200-, 300-, or 400-level. The objective is to introduce the SPICE simulator to the electrical and computer engineering curriculum at the sophomore or junior level with a minimum amount of time and effort. This book requires no prior knowledge of the SPICE simulator. A course on basic circuits should be a prerequisite or co-requisite. Once the student develops an interest in and an appreciation for the applications of circuit simulators like SPICE, he or she can move on to more advanced materials for the full utilization of SPICE, PSpice, or OrCAD in solving complex circuits and systems.

This book can be divided into six parts:

(1) introduction to SPICE simulation—Chapters 1 and 2;
(2) DC, transient and AC circuit analysis—Chapters 3, 4, and 5;
(3) advanced SPICE commands and analysis—Chapter 6;
(4) semiconductor devices modeling and circuits—Chapters 7, 8, and 9;
(5) op-amp circuits and differential amplifiers—Chapter 10, and
(6) difficulties—Chapter 11.

Chapters 8, 9, and 10 describe the simple equivalent circuits of transistors and opamps, which are commonly used in analyzing electronic circuits. Although SPICE generates the parameters of complex transistor models, analysis with a simple circuit model exposes the students to the mechanism of computation by,SPICE .MODEL commands. This approach has the advantage that the students can compare the results, which are obtained in a classroom environment with the simple circuit models of devices, to those obtained by using complex SPICE models.

The commands, models, and examples that are described for PSpice are also applicable to UC Berkeley SPICE with minor modifications. The changes for running a PSpice circuit file on SPICE and vice-versa are discussed in Chapter 11. The filenames for the circuit files in this book are named using all uppercase so that the same file can be run on either the PSpice or the SPICE simulator.

Probe is a graphics post-processor and is very useful in plotting the results of simulation, especially with the capability of arithmetic operation. It can be used to plot impedance, power, and so on. Once students have experience programming in PSpice, they will really appreciate the advantages of .Probe command. Probe is an option on PSpice, available with the student version. Running Probe does not require a math coprocessor. The students can also get the normal printer output or printer plotting. The prints and plots are very helpful to the students in their theoretical understanding and in making judgments on the merits of a circuit and its characteristics.

This book can be used as a textbook on SPICE with a course on basic circuits being the prerequisite or co-requisite. It can also be used as a supplement to any standard textbook on basic circuits or electronics. In the latter case, the following sequence is recommended for the integration of SPICE at the basic circuits level of the curriculum:

  1. As a supplement to a basic circuits course with three hours of lectures (or equivalent lab hours) and self-study assignments from Chapters 1 to 6. Starting from Chapter 2, the students should work hands-on with PCs.
  2. In an electronics course it should continue to be used, with two hours of lectures (or equivalent lab hours) and self-study assignments from Chapters 6 to 10.

For integrating SPICE at the electronics level, three hours of lectures (or equivalent lab hours) are recommended on Chapters 1 to 6. Chapters 7 to 10 could be left for self-study assignments. From the author's experience in the class, it has been observed that after three lectures of 50 minutes duration, all students could solve assignments independently without any difficulty. The class could progress in a normal manner with one assignment per week on electronic circuits simulation and analysis with SPICE. Although the materials of this book have been tested in a basic circuits course for engineering students and in two electronics courses for electrical and computer engineering students, the book is also recommended for electrical engineering technology students.

Table of Contents

1. Introduction.

2. Circuit Descriptions.

3. DC Circuit Analysis.

4. Transient Analysis.

5. AC Circuit Analysis.

6. Advanced SPICE Commands and Analysis.

7. Semiconductor Diodes.

8. Bipolar Junction Transistors.

9. Field-Effect Transistors.

10. Op-Amp Circuits and Differential. Amplifiers.

11. Difficulties.

Appendix: Drawing in PSpice Schematics.

Appendix: Drawing in Orcad Capture.

Appendix: Creating Input Circuit File.

Appendix: DOS Commands.

Appendix: Noise Analysis.

Appendix: Nonlinear Magnetic Model.

Preface

The Engineering Accreditation Commission of the Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (EAC/ ABET) requirements specify the integration of computeraided analysis and design in electrical and computer engineering curricula. SPICE is very popular software for analyzing electrical and electronic circuits. The MicroSim Corporation first introduced the PSpice simulator, which can run on personal computers (PCs). It is similar to the University of California (UC) Berkeley SPICE. The student version of PSpice, which is available free to students, is ideal for classroom use and for assignments requiring computer-aided simulation and analysis. PSpice widens the scope for the integration of computer-aided simulation to circuits and electronics courses for undergraduate and graduate students.

It may not be possible to add a one-credit-hour course on SPICE to integrate computer-aided analysis in circuits and electronics courses. However, students need some basic knowledge of how to use SPICE. They are constantly under pressure with course loads and do not always have the free time to read the details of SPICE, PSpice, or OrCAD from manuals and books of a general nature.

This book is the outcome of the author's experience in integrating SPICE in circuits and electronics courses at the 200-, 300-, or 400-level. The objective is to introduce the SPICE simulator to the electrical and computer engineering curriculum at the sophomore or junior level with a minimum amount of time and effort. This book requires no prior knowledge of the SPICE simulator. A course on basic circuits should be a prerequisite or co-requisite. Once the student develops an interest in and anappreciation for the applications of circuit simulators like SPICE, he or she can move on to more advanced materials for the full utilization of SPICE, PSpice, or OrCAD in solving complex circuits and systems.

This book can be divided into six parts:

(1) introduction to SPICE simulation—Chapters 1 and 2;
(2) DC, transient and AC circuit analysis—Chapters 3, 4, and 5;
(3) advanced SPICE commands and analysis—Chapter 6;
(4) semiconductor devices modeling and circuits—Chapters 7, 8, and 9;
(5) op-amp circuits and differential amplifiers—Chapter 10, and
(6) difficulties—Chapter 11.

Chapters 8, 9, and 10 describe the simple equivalent circuits of transistors and opamps, which are commonly used in analyzing electronic circuits. Although SPICE generates the parameters of complex transistor models, analysis with a simple circuit model exposes the students to the mechanism of computation by,SPICE .MODEL commands. This approach has the advantage that the students can compare the results, which are obtained in a classroom environment with the simple circuit models of devices, to those obtained by using complex SPICE models.

The commands, models, and examples that are described for PSpice are also applicable to UC Berkeley SPICE with minor modifications. The changes for running a PSpice circuit file on SPICE and vice-versa are discussed in Chapter 11. The filenames for the circuit files in this book are named using all uppercase so that the same file can be run on either the PSpice or the SPICE simulator.

Probe is a graphics post-processor and is very useful in plotting the results of simulation, especially with the capability of arithmetic operation. It can be used to plot impedance, power, and so on. Once students have experience programming in PSpice, they will really appreciate the advantages of .Probe command. Probe is an option on PSpice, available with the student version. Running Probe does not require a math coprocessor. The students can also get the normal printer output or printer plotting. The prints and plots are very helpful to the students in their theoretical understanding and in making judgments on the merits of a circuit and its characteristics.

This book can be used as a textbook on SPICE with a course on basic circuits being the prerequisite or co-requisite. It can also be used as a supplement to any standard textbook on basic circuits or electronics. In the latter case, the following sequence is recommended for the integration of SPICE at the basic circuits level of the curriculum:

  1. As a supplement to a basic circuits course with three hours of lectures (or equivalent lab hours) and self-study assignments from Chapters 1 to 6. Starting from Chapter 2, the students should work hands-on with PCs.
  2. In an electronics course it should continue to be used, with two hours of lectures (or equivalent lab hours) and self-study assignments from Chapters 6 to 10.

For integrating SPICE at the electronics level, three hours of lectures (or equivalent lab hours) are recommended on Chapters 1 to 6. Chapters 7 to 10 could be left for self-study assignments. From the author's experience in the class, it has been observed that after three lectures of 50 minutes duration, all students could solve assignments independently without any difficulty. The class could progress in a normal manner with one assignment per week on electronic circuits simulation and analysis with SPICE. Although the materials of this book have been tested in a basic circuits course for engineering students and in two electronics courses for electrical and computer engineering students, the book is also recommended for electrical engineering technology students.

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