**Uh-oh, it looks like your Internet Explorer is out of date.**

For a better shopping experience, please upgrade now.

# Introduction to Statistics and Data Analysis / Edition 4

Introduction to Statistics and Data Analysis / Edition 4 available in Hardcover, Paperback

## Overview

INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS AND DATA ANALYSIS, 4th Edition, introduces you to the study of statistics and data analysis by using real data and attention-grabbing examples. The authors guide you through an intuition-based learning process that stresses interpretation and communication of statistical information. Simple notation—including the frequent substitution of words for symbols—helps you grasp concepts and cement your comprehension. You'll also find coverage of the graphing calculator as a problem-solving tool, plus hands-on activities in each chapter that allow you to practice statistics firsthand.

## Product Details

ISBN-13: | 9780840054906 |
---|---|

Publisher: | Cengage Learning |

Publication date: | 01/01/2011 |

Series: | Available Titles Aplia Series |

Pages: | 944 |

Product dimensions: | 8.50(w) x 10.90(h) x 1.40(d) |

## Read an Excerpt

INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS AND DATA ANALYSIS, 4th Edition, introduces you to the study of statistics and data analysis by using real data and attention-grabbing examples. The authors guide you through an intuition-based learning process that stresses interpretation and communication of statistical information. Simple notation—including the frequent substitution of words for symbols—helps you grasp concepts and cement your comprehension. You'll also find coverage of the graphing calculator as a problem-solving tool, plus hands-on activities in each chapter that allow you to practice statistics firsthand.

## First Chapter

INTRODUCTION TO STATISTICS AND DATA ANALYSIS, 4th Edition, introduces you to the study of statistics and data analysis by using real data and attention-grabbing examples. The authors guide you through an intuition-based learning process that stresses interpretation and communication of statistical information. Simple notation—including the frequent substitution of words for symbols—helps you grasp concepts and cement your comprehension. You'll also find coverage of the graphing calculator as a problem-solving tool, plus hands-on activities in each chapter that allow you to practice statistics firsthand.

## Table of Contents

1. THE ROLE OF STATISTICS AND THE DATA ANALYSIS PROCESS. Why Study Statistics. The Nature and Role of Variability. Statistics and the Data Analysis Process. Types of Data and Some Simple Graphical Displays. 2. COLLECTING DATA SENSIBLY. Statistical Studies: Observation and Experimentation. Sampling. Simple Comparative Experiments. More on Experimental Design. More on Observational Studies: Designing Surveys (Optional). Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses. 3. GRAPHICAL METHODS FOR DESCRIBING DATA. Displaying Categorical Data: Comparative Bar Charts and Pie Charts. Displaying Numerical Data: Stem-and-Leaf Displays. Displaying Numerical Data: Frequency Distributions and Histograms. Displaying Bivariate Numerical Data. Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses. 4. NUMERICAL METHODS FOR DESCRIBING DATA. Describing the Center of a Data Set. Describing Variability in a Data Set. Summarizing a Data Set: Boxplots. Interpreting Center and Variability: Chebyshev's Rule, the Empirical Rule, and z Scores. Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses. 5. SUMMARIZING BIVARIATE DATA. Correlation. Linear Regression: Fitting a Line to Bivariate Data. Assessing the Fit of a Line. Nonlinear Relationships and Transformations. Logistic Regression (Optional). Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses. 6. PROBABILITY. Chance Experiments and Events. Definition of Probability. Basic Properties of Probability. Conditional Probability. Independence. Some General Probability Rules. Estimating Probabilities Empirically Using Simulation. 7. RANDOM VARIABLES AND PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS. Random Variables. Probability Distributions for Discrete Random Variables. Probability Distributions for Continuous Random Variables. Mean and Standard Deviation of a Random Variable. Binomial and Geometric Distributions. Normal Distributions. Checking for Normality and Normalizing Transformations. Using the Normal Distribution to Approximate a Discrete Distribution. 8. SAMPLING VARIABILITY AND SAMPLING DISTRIBUTION. Statistics and Sampling Variability. The Sampling Distribution of a Sample Mean. The Sampling Distribution of a Sample Proportion. 9. ESTIMATION USING A SINGLE SAMPLE. Point Estimation. Large-Sample Confidence Interval for a Population Proportion. Confidence Interval for a Population Mean. Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses. 10. HYPOTHESIS TESTING USING A SINGLE SAMPLE. Hypotheses and Test Procedures. Errors in Hypotheses Testing. Large-Sample Hypothesis Tests for a Population Proportion. Hypotheses Tests for a Population Mean. Power and Probability of Type II Error. Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses. 11. COMPARING TWO POPULATIONS OR TREATMENTS. Inferences Concerning the Difference Between Two Population or Treatment Means Using Independent Samples. Inferences Concerning the Difference Between Two Population or Treatment Means Using Paired Samples. Large Sample Inferences Concerning a Difference Between Two Population or Treatment Proportions. Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses. 12. THE ANALYSIS OF CATEGORICAL DATA AND GOODNESS-OF-FIT TESTS. Chi-Square Tests for Univariate Data. Tests for Homogeneity and Independence in a Two-way Table. Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses. 13. SIMPLE LINEAR REGRESSION AND CORRELATION: INFERENTIAL METHODS. Simple Linear Regression Model. Inferences About the Slope of the Population Regression Line. Checking Model Adequacy. Inferences Based on the Estimated Regression Line (Optional). Inferences About the Population Correlation Coefficient (Optional). Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses. 14. MULTIPLE REGRESSION ANALYSIS. Multiple Regression Models. Fitting a Model and Assessing Its Utility. Inferences Based on an Estimated Model (online). Other Issues in Multiple Regression (online). Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses (online). Activity 14.1: Exploring the Relationship Between Number of Predictors and Sample Size. 15. ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE. Single-Factor ANOVA and the F Test. Multiple Comparisons. The F Test for a Randomized Block Experiment (online). Two-Factor ANOVA (online). Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses (online). 16. NONPARAMETRIC (DISTRIBUTION-FREE STATISTICAL METHODS (ONLINE). Distribution-Free Procedures for Inferences About a Difference Between Two Population or Treatment Means Using Independent Samples (Optional). Distribution-Free Procedures for Inferences About a Difference Between Two Population or Treatment Means Using Paired Samples. Distribution-Free ANOVA.

## Reading Group Guide

1. THE ROLE OF STATISTICS AND THE DATA ANALYSIS PROCESS. Why Study Statistics. The Nature and Role of Variability. Statistics and the Data Analysis Process. Types of Data and Some Simple Graphical Displays. 2. COLLECTING DATA SENSIBLY. Statistical Studies: Observation and Experimentation. Sampling. Simple Comparative Experiments. More on Experimental Design. More on Observational Studies: Designing Surveys (Optional). Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses. 3. GRAPHICAL METHODS FOR DESCRIBING DATA. Displaying Categorical Data: Comparative Bar Charts and Pie Charts. Displaying Numerical Data: Stem-and-Leaf Displays. Displaying Numerical Data: Frequency Distributions and Histograms. Displaying Bivariate Numerical Data. Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses. 4. NUMERICAL METHODS FOR DESCRIBING DATA. Describing the Center of a Data Set. Describing Variability in a Data Set. Summarizing a Data Set: Boxplots. Interpreting Center and Variability: Chebyshev's Rule, the Empirical Rule, and z Scores. Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses. 5. SUMMARIZING BIVARIATE DATA. Correlation. Linear Regression: Fitting a Line to Bivariate Data. Assessing the Fit of a Line. Nonlinear Relationships and Transformations. Logistic Regression (Optional). Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses. 6. PROBABILITY. Chance Experiments and Events. Definition of Probability. Basic Properties of Probability. Conditional Probability. Independence. Some General Probability Rules. Estimating Probabilities Empirically Using Simulation. 7. RANDOM VARIABLES AND PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS. Random Variables. Probability Distributions for Discrete Random Variables. Probability Distributions for Continuous Random Variables. Mean and Standard Deviation of a Random Variable. Binomial and Geometric Distributions. Normal Distributions. Checking for Normality and Normalizing Transformations. Using the Normal Distribution to Approximate a Discrete Distribution. 8. SAMPLING VARIABILITY AND SAMPLING DISTRIBUTION. Statistics and Sampling Variability. The Sampling Distribution of a Sample Mean. The Sampling Distribution of a Sample Proportion. 9. ESTIMATION USING A SINGLE SAMPLE. Point Estimation. Large-Sample Confidence Interval for a Population Proportion. Confidence Interval for a Population Mean. Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses. 10. HYPOTHESIS TESTING USING A SINGLE SAMPLE. Hypotheses and Test Procedures. Errors in Hypotheses Testing. Large-Sample Hypothesis Tests for a Population Proportion. Hypotheses Tests for a Population Mean. Power and Probability of Type II Error. Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses. 11. COMPARING TWO POPULATIONS OR TREATMENTS. Inferences Concerning the Difference Between Two Population or Treatment Means Using Independent Samples. Inferences Concerning the Difference Between Two Population or Treatment Means Using Paired Samples. Large Sample Inferences Concerning a Difference Between Two Population or Treatment Proportions. Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses. 12. THE ANALYSIS OF CATEGORICAL DATA AND GOODNESS-OF-FIT TESTS. Chi-Square Tests for Univariate Data. Tests for Homogeneity and Independence in a Two-way Table. Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses. 13. SIMPLE LINEAR REGRESSION AND CORRELATION: INFERENTIAL METHODS. Simple Linear Regression Model. Inferences About the Slope of the Population Regression Line. Checking Model Adequacy. Inferences Based on the Estimated Regression Line (Optional). Inferences About the Population Correlation Coefficient (Optional). Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses. 14. MULTIPLE REGRESSION ANALYSIS. Multiple Regression Models. Fitting a Model and Assessing Its Utility. Inferences Based on an Estimated Model (online). Other Issues in Multiple Regression (online). Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses (online). Activity 14.1: Exploring the Relationship Between Number of Predictors and Sample Size. 15. ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE. Single-Factor ANOVA and the F Test. Multiple Comparisons. The F Test for a Randomized Block Experiment (online). Two-Factor ANOVA (online). Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses (online). 16. NONPARAMETRIC (DISTRIBUTION-FREE STATISTICAL METHODS (ONLINE). Distribution-Free Procedures for Inferences About a Difference Between Two Population or Treatment Means Using Independent Samples (Optional). Distribution-Free Procedures for Inferences About a Difference Between Two Population or Treatment Means Using Paired Samples. Distribution-Free ANOVA.

## Interviews

1. THE ROLE OF STATISTICS AND THE DATA ANALYSIS PROCESS. Why Study Statistics. The Nature and Role of Variability. Statistics and the Data Analysis Process. Types of Data and Some Simple Graphical Displays. 2. COLLECTING DATA SENSIBLY. Statistical Studies: Observation and Experimentation. Sampling. Simple Comparative Experiments. More on Experimental Design. More on Observational Studies: Designing Surveys (Optional). Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses. 3. GRAPHICAL METHODS FOR DESCRIBING DATA. Displaying Categorical Data: Comparative Bar Charts and Pie Charts. Displaying Numerical Data: Stem-and-Leaf Displays. Displaying Numerical Data: Frequency Distributions and Histograms. Displaying Bivariate Numerical Data. Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses. 4. NUMERICAL METHODS FOR DESCRIBING DATA. Describing the Center of a Data Set. Describing Variability in a Data Set. Summarizing a Data Set: Boxplots. Interpreting Center and Variability: Chebyshev's Rule, the Empirical Rule, and z Scores. Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses. 5. SUMMARIZING BIVARIATE DATA. Correlation. Linear Regression: Fitting a Line to Bivariate Data. Assessing the Fit of a Line. Nonlinear Relationships and Transformations. Logistic Regression (Optional). Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses. 6. PROBABILITY. Chance Experiments and Events. Definition of Probability. Basic Properties of Probability. Conditional Probability. Independence. Some General Probability Rules. Estimating Probabilities Empirically Using Simulation. 7. RANDOM VARIABLES AND PROBABILITY DISTRIBUTIONS. Random Variables. Probability Distributions for Discrete Random Variables. Probability Distributions for Continuous Random Variables. Mean and Standard Deviation of a Random Variable. Binomial and Geometric Distributions. Normal Distributions. Checking for Normality and Normalizing Transformations. Using the Normal Distribution to Approximate a Discrete Distribution. 8. SAMPLING VARIABILITY AND SAMPLING DISTRIBUTION. Statistics and Sampling Variability. The Sampling Distribution of a Sample Mean. The Sampling Distribution of a Sample Proportion. 9. ESTIMATION USING A SINGLE SAMPLE. Point Estimation. Large-Sample Confidence Interval for a Population Proportion. Confidence Interval for a Population Mean. Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses. 10. HYPOTHESIS TESTING USING A SINGLE SAMPLE. Hypotheses and Test Procedures. Errors in Hypotheses Testing. Large-Sample Hypothesis Tests for a Population Proportion. Hypotheses Tests for a Population Mean. Power and Probability of Type II Error. Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses. 11. COMPARING TWO POPULATIONS OR TREATMENTS. Inferences Concerning the Difference Between Two Population or Treatment Means Using Independent Samples. Inferences Concerning the Difference Between Two Population or Treatment Means Using Paired Samples. Large Sample Inferences Concerning a Difference Between Two Population or Treatment Proportions. Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses. 12. THE ANALYSIS OF CATEGORICAL DATA AND GOODNESS-OF-FIT TESTS. Chi-Square Tests for Univariate Data. Tests for Homogeneity and Independence in a Two-way Table. Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses. 13. SIMPLE LINEAR REGRESSION AND CORRELATION: INFERENTIAL METHODS. Simple Linear Regression Model. Inferences About the Slope of the Population Regression Line. Checking Model Adequacy. Inferences Based on the Estimated Regression Line (Optional). Inferences About the Population Correlation Coefficient (Optional). Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses. 14. MULTIPLE REGRESSION ANALYSIS. Multiple Regression Models. Fitting a Model and Assessing Its Utility. Inferences Based on an Estimated Model (online). Other Issues in Multiple Regression (online). Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses (online). Activity 14.1: Exploring the Relationship Between Number of Predictors and Sample Size. 15. ANALYSIS OF VARIANCE. Single-Factor ANOVA and the F Test. Multiple Comparisons. The F Test for a Randomized Block Experiment (online). Two-Factor ANOVA (online). Interpreting and Communicating the Results of Statistical Analyses (online). 16. NONPARAMETRIC (DISTRIBUTION-FREE STATISTICAL METHODS (ONLINE). Distribution-Free Procedures for Inferences About a Difference Between Two Population or Treatment Means Using Independent Samples (Optional). Distribution-Free Procedures for Inferences About a Difference Between Two Population or Treatment Means Using Paired Samples. Distribution-Free ANOVA.