Introduction To Syriac

Introduction To Syriac

by Wheeler M. Thackston

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Introduction To Syriac by Wheeler M. Thackston

Language Reference. Middle-Eastern Studies. Syriac is the Aramaic dialect of Edessa, an important center of early Christianity in Mesopotamia. Today it is the classical tongue of the Nestorians and Chaldeans of Iran and Iraq and the liturgical language of the Jacobites of Eastern Anatolia and the Maronites of Greater Syria. Syriac literature flourished from the third century on and boasts of writers like Ephraem Syrus, Aphraates, Jacob of Sarug, John of Ephesus, Jacob of Edessa, and Barhebraeus. In this text the language is presented both in Syriac script, as it will always be seen, and in transcription, which is given so that the pronunciation of individual words and the structure of the language as a whole may be represented as clearly as possible. The majority of the sentences in the exercises-and all of the readings in the later lessons-are taken directly from the Peshitta, the standard Syriac translation of the Bible. For many of those whose interest in Syriac stems from Biblical studies or from the history of eastern Christianity, Syriac may be their first Semitic language. Every effort has been made in the presentation of the grammar to keep the Semitic structure of the language in the forefront and as clear as possible for those who have no previous experience with languages of that family. Wheeler M. Thackston is Professor of Persian and other Near East Languages at Harvard University, where he has taught Persian and Arabic for over twenty years.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780936347981
Publisher: IBEX Publishers
Publication date: 01/01/1999
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 228
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.58(d)

Table of Contents

Preliminary Matters
I.The Sounds of Syriac: Consonants and Vowelsx
II.Begadkepat and the Schwaxii
V.Vocalic Reduction and Prosthesisxv
VI.The Syriac Alphabetxvii
VII.Other Orthographic Devicesxxi
VIII.Alphabetic Numeralsxxiii
IX.Comparative Chart of Semitic Consonantsxxiv
X.Preliminary Exercisexxvi
Lesson 13
1.1The Emphatic State
1.3The Perfect of the Simple Verb
1.4The Proclitics
Lesson 29
2.1The Perfect: Full Inflection
2.2Direct Objects
Lesson 314
3.1Pronominal Enclitics I
3.2Predication of Existence and the Expression of Possession
3.3Relative Clauses
Lesson 419
4.1Possessive Pronouns
4.2Noun-Noun Possession
4.3The Pronoun Koll
4.4Pronominal Anticipation with Prepositions
Lesson 524
5.1Noun Plurals: Emphatic State
Lesson 628
6.1Independent Pronouns
6.2The Short Pronouns as Copulas
Lesson 733
7.1Inflection of III-Weak Verbs
7.2The Perfect of Hwa
7.3The Perfect with Object Suffixes
Lesson 838
8.1The Active Participles
8.2Uses of the Participle
8.3Object Suffixes with the Third-Person Plural Verb
Lesson 944
9.2Pronominal Enclitics II
9.3Possessive Suffixes with Plural Nouns
9.4Paradigm of ya(h)b
Lesson 1051
10.1Paradigm of I-y Verbs
10.2Object Suffixes with the Remaining Persons (Perfect)
10.3The Construct Singular
10.4The Construct Plural
10.5Adjectives in the Construct State
Lesson 1157
11.1Paradigm of Hollow Verbs: Perfect
11.2Paradigm of Geminate Verbs: Perfect
11.3Paradigm of II-alap Verbs: Perfect
11.4The Pleonastic Dative
Lesson 1262
12.1Passive Participle
12.2III-Weak Verbs with Pronominal Objects
12.3Aba, Aha, and Hma with Pronominal Possessives
Lesson 1368
13.1The Absolute State
13.4The Infinitive: G-Verbs
13.5Infinitives with Pronominal Objects
Lesson 1477
14.1Imperfect and Imperative of G-Verbs: Sound Roots
14.2Imperfect Inflection of I-n Verbs
14.3Imperfect of I-alap Verbs
14.4Imperfect of I-y Verbs
14.5Imperfect of III-Weak Verbs
14.6Imperfect of Hollow Verbs
14.7Imperfect of Geminate Verbs
14.8Imperfect of II-alap Verbs
Lesson 1586
15.1Uses of the Imperfect
15.2The Imperfect with Enclitic Objects
15.3Suffix Pronouns with III-Weak Imperfect
15.4Imperatives with Suffix Pronouns
15.5Imperatives of III-Weak Roots with Suffix Pronouns
15.6Nouns in -u and -i
Lesson 1694
16.1The Pael Conjugation
16.2Pael Conjugation: Various Verb Types
Lesson 17100
17.1The Aphel Conjugation
17.2Aphel Conjugation: Various Verb Types
Lesson 18106
18.1Medio-passive Verbs: Ethpeel, Ethpaal & Ettaphal Conjugations
18.2The Ethpeel Conjugation
18.3Metathesis in Ethpeel
18.4Ethpeel with Various Verb Types
Lesson 19113
19.1The Ethpaal Conjugation
19.2Metathesis in Ethpaal
19.3III-Weak Verbs in Ethpaal
Lesson 20119
20.1The Ettaphal Conjugation
20.2Adjectives/Nouns in -ana
20.3Substantivation of Participles
20.4Abstraction of Substantivized Participles
20.5Other Verbal Forms
Appendix AVerbal Inflections128
Appendix BStates of the Noun142
Appendix CVerbs with Enclitic Objects144
From the Psitta151
From Pseudo-Callisthenes' Legend of Alexander154
The First Discovery of the True Cross157
The Teaching of the Apostle Thaddeus162
The Martyrdom of St. Barbara169
From The Tale of Sindban the Wise173
From The Cave of Treasures179
From Kalilag and Demnag181
From a Metrical Sermon by Ephraem Syrus182
From The Syriac Book of Medicines184
A Flood in Edessa186
From the Chronicon Syriacum of Barhebraeus188
Syriac-English Vocabulary193

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