Introduction to the Health Professions

Introduction to the Health Professions

by Peggy S. Stanfield

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781284071597
Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning
Publication date: 08/28/2014
Pages: 542
Product dimensions: 7.00(w) x 10.00(h) x 1.09(d)

Table of Contents

Prefacexiii
Acknowledgmentsxvii
Part 1The Health Care System in the United States
1U.S. Health Care, 1990-20015
A Look Back7
A Look Forward9
Summary11
2Categories of Health Services15
Overview of the U.S. Health Care System17
Health Care Facilities19
Managed Care20
The Consumer and Health Care21
The Consumer's Rights22
Health Care Costs24
Public Health Services25
Hospitals: Development and Services27
Ambulatory Health Care Services29
Mental Health Services30
Health Care in the Twenty-First Century32
Summary32
3Paying for Health Services35
Changing Objectives of National Health Insurance39
Health Care Financing41
Health Insurance Coverage in the United States43
Implications of Devolution47
Continuing Debate49
Effect on Health Care Providers50
4Long-Term Care53
Nursing Homes56
Community Services58
Community Health Agencies58
Personnel Needs61
Demographic Trends and Projections62
Potential Health Care Needs64
Future Trends68
Summary68
5Aging, Health, and Women's Issues71
Gender-Specific Roles in Health Care73
Medicare for Older Women74
Medicaid for Older Women75
Women's Issues and the Health Care System76
Women as Care Givers76
Conclusion77
The Future of Health Care77
Future Education for the Health Professions78
6Health Career Planning81
Employers of Health Professionals and Health-Related Personnel83
Employment Opportunities88
Health Careers: Something for Everyone91
Exploring Health Careers94
Selecting a School95
Using This Book to Select and Plan a Health Career96
Part 2Health Professions Involving Patient Care
7Medicine103
Doctors: The Perceptions104
Doctors: The Realities105
8Dentistry115
Dentists116
Dental Hygienists122
Dental Assistants126
9Nursing131
Registered Nurses132
Licensed Practical Nurses140
10Pharmacists145
Pharmaceutical Partners146
Pharmacists146
Pharmacy Technicians and Assistants155
11Dietetics161
Dietitians162
Dietetic Technicians169
Dietetic Assistants172
12Optometry175
Optometrists176
Dispensing Opticians181
Paraoptometrics186
13Physician Assistants189
A Relatively New Profession190
Physician Assistants190
14Communication Impairments197
Speech, Language, and Hearing Impairments198
Speech-Language Pathologists and Audiologists199
15Emergency Medical Services207
High Drama in Health Care208
EMT-Paramedics208
16Imaging Modalities217
X Rays and Beyond218
Radiologic Personnel219
17Social Workers229
Social Workers231
Human Service Workers and Assistants239
18Psychology247
Psychologists248
Psychiatric or Mental Health Technicians259
Psychiatric Aides262
19Respiratory Care Practitioners265
Maintaining the Breath of Life266
Respiratory Therapists266
20Physical Therapy275
Physical Therapists277
Physical Therapy Assistants and Aides285
21Occupational Therapy289
Occupational Therapists290
Occupational Therapy Assistants and Aides297
22Additional Technologists, Technicians, and Assistants301
Electroneurodiagnostic Technologists302
Cardiovascular Technologists and Technicians309
Nuclear Medicine Technologists314
Surgical Technologists321
Medical Assistants326
Athletic Trainers331
23Behavioral Therapists335
Art Therapists337
Corrective Therapists339
Dance Therapists342
Horticulture Therapists346
Manual Arts Therapists348
Music Therapists351
Recreational Therapists354
Part 3Health-Related Professions
24Clinical Laboratory Technology367
The Laboratory Team368
Clinical Laboratory (Medical) Technologists and Technicians369
25Health Information Personnel379
Providing and Preserving Essential Information380
Health Information Administrators381
Health Information Technicians383
Medical Transcriptionists388
Medical Librarians391
26Health Services Administration397
The Need for Professional Management398
Health Services Managers399
27Federal and State Health Regulators409
Government Health and Safety Officers410
Environmental Health Technicians and Aides416
28Health Education417
Community Health Educators419
Educational Therapists424
Orientation and Mobility Instructors for the Blind426
Rehabilitation Teachers428
School Health Educators430
Teachers of the Visually Handicapped432
Employment Trends in Health Education433
29Veterinary Medicine437
Veterinarians438
Animal Technicians446
Veterinary Assistants and Nonfarm Animal Caretakers450
30Miscellaneous Health-Related Professions459
Biological Photographers461
Medical Illustrators464
Writers: Medical, Science, and Technical467
Medical Secretaries472
ASalaries for Health Professions: A Comparison Chart475
BSources of Career Information479
CResumes and Job Hunting487
DReferences503
Index507

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