Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit: What Inuit Have Always Known to Be True

Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit: What Inuit Have Always Known to Be True



Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781552669914
Publisher: Fernwood Publishing
Publication date: 09/28/2017
Pages: 268
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 0.50(d)

About the Author

Joe Karetak is community education coordinator for the Government of Nunavut.

Frank Tester is a geographer, social worker and Professor Emeritus, University of British Columbia. He is co-author of two books dealing with the social history of Inuit in the eastern Arctic and papers and reports dealing with contemporary social issues affecting Inuit. He has travelled and worked throughout Nunavut Territory and brings to his work a commitment to social justice and human rights. Frank received the Gustavus Myers Award for his research on Inuit rights, history and his contributions to the study and promotion of human rights in North America. He is also a recipient of the 1995 Erminie Wheeler-Voegelin Prize for his co-authored book, Tammarniit (Mistakes): Inuit Relocation in the Eastern Arctic, 1939-62 (1994, UBC Press).

Shirley Tagalik is research assistant at Qaujigiartiit Health Research Centre in Igaluit.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgements x

Foreword: Creating the Book Shirley Tagalik xi

Introduction: Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit, Truth and Reconciliation Jor Karetak Frank Tester 1

Truth and Reconciliation 1

Inuit Principles and Laws 3

Relationships 6

The Maligarjuat in Practice 9

The Difficulty of Writing about Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit 17

1 Colonial Challenges and Recovery in the Eastern Arctic Frank Tester 20

Colonization 21

Permanent Settlements 22

Getting an Education 26

Housing Settlement Dwellers 29

What to Do Next? 29

Tuberculosis 31

Managing Game, Managing Inuit Lives 35

Talking Back 36

2 About Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit Mark Kalluak 41

Inuir Traditional Knowledge 41

Maintenance of Social Order 42

Treating Everything as if Alive 43

Reliance on Elders 43

Open Heartedness 44

The Family Unit 46

Inuit Belief Systems 48

Why Is It Import to Retain Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit? 56

3 The Role of Family Atuat Akittiq 61

Eating Country Food 61

Respect for Parents and Elders 62

Helping Others 64

Sharing and Celebrating a Child's First Catch 65

Keeping Harmony among Family Members 65

Everything We Do Is to Help Others 67

Surviving on the Land 67

4 Hunting, Fishing and the Laws of the Land Jose Angutinngurniq 69

Legends Were Shared by Everyone 70

Envisioned Teachings 71

Neglected Laws of the Land 74

Fishing in the Tariungnittuq River, near Talurjuaq 75

Fishing around Kugaaruk 76

My First Recollections of Taboos 77

The Land Has Many Laws 80

5 We Inuit Call Our Children Qiturngat Louis Angalik 83

Land, Culture and Becoming an Inuk 84

Becoming Capable 85

The Responsibility of Parents 88

6 Inutsiapagutit (Inuit Teachings) Alice Ayalik 89

My Parents' Wise Teachings 89

Teachings from My Mother 91

The Role of Elders 92

My Birthplace 94

Inuit Shared Everything 94

Naming 96

Food Was Scarce at Times in the Past 96

Becoming Forgetful with Age 97

Plentiful Instructions to Create Able Persons 97

Preparing Meat Supplies for the Winter Season 98

Keeping the Environment Clean 99

Kindness and Caring for Others 100

7 Conscientious Planning Norman Attangalaaq 102

Caribou Shortage 102

Surviving after My Father's Death 103

Living in Qamani'tuaq without Our Father 104

Mother's Wise Instructions 104

Harvesting and Preparing Meat 105

Inuit Laws 106

Laws and Teachings Pertaining to Personal Things and Food Supplies 107

My Passion 110

8 Inunnguiniq (Making a Human Being) Atuat Akiniq Rhoda Akpaliapik Karetak (in Conversation) 112

Preparing a Child 112

Living a Good Life 117

Inunnguiniq Today 118

Two Ways of Making a Child 121

Using the Principles of Making a Human Being 122

IQ and the justice System 123

Providing Safety in the Family 126

Midwifery 129

Setting Limits 130

Being Able 132

My Childhood as an Only Daughter 134

My Married Life 136

Always Strive to Become a Capable Human Being 137

The Advantages of Skin Clothing 141

Being Raised as a Daughter 142

Children Who Are Like Rocks and Eggs 143

The Modern Day Value of Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit 146

9 Pamiqsainirmik (Training Children) Donald Uluadluak 147

The Importance of Sharing Stories and Knowledge 147

Teaching Children 150

Instruct the Children while They Are Young 152

Restorative Justice Practice and the Importance of Teaching Our Youth 153

Words Can Be Extremely Powerful 155

Dangerous Survival Lessons 157

Raising Boys and Girls 158

Orphans 160

Limits to Defending Someone 161

Attentiveness Is Essential 162

Pilimmaksarniq (Becoming Able) 164

One Must Always Be Able to Touch Animal Skins 167

The Importance of Inuit Diet 167

Living in Harmony 169

All Living Creatures and Insects Respected 170

Telling Legends and Stories as a Pastime 171

My Grandmother and My Grandfather 172

10 Planning and Preparing Well Mariano Aupilaarjuq 174

The Importance of Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit 175

The Importance of the Seal and Rules for Sharing 175

Sharing Practices for Other Animals 177

Taboos 178

Planning for the Future 180

11 Healing Unresolved Issues Rhoda Akpaliapik Karetak 182

My New Embroidered White Kamiik 182

Inuit Cultural Wisdom 183

Sending Our Children to Residential School 186

Understanding Aboriginal Rights 187

Healing Is Essential 188

The Importance of Forgiveness 191

Living in Harmony 192

Infatuations Will Not Lead You to Healing 193

How Harmony Was Kept among Inuit 194

Instant Chastisement of Older Children Was Encouraged 195

People Who Are Not Willing to Heal Cannot Be Healed 196

Inuit Sought Harmony, Not Just Survival 197

Inuit Legends and Stories Used as Life Lessons 197

Pain Causes Other Problems 200

What Does Healing Look Like? 200

12 Inuit Knowledge Applies Today Joe Karetak 208

The Tide Turns 209

Right Thinking 209

Continual Assessing and Planning 210

Persistence and Conditioning 212

Rescue 214

Rescuing the Rescuers 216

Rescued at Last 218

Epilogue: The Value of Relational Ways of Knowing and Being Margo Greenwood 220

Glossary 225

Contributors 231

Notes 237

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