Investigating Chemistry: A Forensic Science Perspective / Edition 2

Investigating Chemistry: A Forensic Science Perspective / Edition 2

by Matthew Johll
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Freeman, W. H. & Company
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Investigating Chemistry: A Forensic Science Perspective / Edition 2

In its new second edition, Investigating Chemistry: A Forensic Science Perspective remains the only book that uses the inherently fascinating topics of crime and criminal investigations as a context for teaching the fundamental chemical concepts most often covered in an introductory nonmajors course. Covering all the standard topics, Matthew Johll capitalizes on the surge of interest in the scientific investigation of crime (as sparked by CSI and other television shows), bringing together the theme of forensic science and the fundamentals of chemistry in ways that are effective and accessible for students.

This edition features refined explanations of the chemical concepts, which are the core of the book, as well as a more thoroughly integrated forensic theme, updated features, and an expanded media/supplements package.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781429209892
Publisher: Freeman, W. H. & Company
Publication date: 12/26/2008
Edition description: Second Edition
Pages: 704
Product dimensions: 8.22(w) x 10.20(h) x 0.84(d)

Table of Contents

Chapter 1 Introduction to Forensic Chemistry
Case Study: Whose Side Are They On?
1.1 Welcome
1.2 Chemistry, Crime, and the Global Society
1.3 Physical Evidence: Matter and Its Forms
1.4 The Periodic Table
Evidence Analysis: Thin-Layer Chromatography
1.5 Learning the Language of Chemistry
1.6 The Most Important Skill of a Forensic Scientist: Observation
1.7 Case Study Finale: Whose Side Are They On?

Chapter 2 Evidence Collection and Preservation
Case Study: Grave Evidence
2.1 Preserving Evidence: Reactions, Properties, and Changes
2.2 Physical Evidence Collection: Mass, Weight, and Units
2.3 Mathematics of Unit Conversions
2.4 Errors and Estimates in Laboratory Measurements: Significant Figures
2.5 Mathematics of Significant Figure Calculations
2.6 Experimental Results: Accuracy and Precision
2.7 How to Analyze Evidence: Density Measurements
2.8 Mathematics of Density Measurements
2.9 How to Analyze Glass and Soil: Using Physical Properties
2.10 Case Study Finale: Grave Evidence

Chapter 3 Atomic Clues
Case Study: To Burn or Not to Burn
3.1 Origins of the Atomic Theory: Ancient Greek Philosophers
3.2 Foundations of a Modern Atomic Theory
3.3 Dalton’s Atomic Theory
3.4 Atomic Structure: Subatomic Particles
3.5 Nature’s Detectives: Isotopes
3.6 Atomic Mass: Isotopic Abundance and the Periodic Table
3.7 Mathematics of Isotopic Abundance and Atomic Mass
3.8 Atomic Structure: Electrons and Emission Spectra
3.9 Mathematics of Light
3.10 Atomic Structure: Electron Orbitals
3.11 Electron Configurations
Evidence Analysis: Scanning Electron Microscopy
3.12 Case Study Finale: To Burn or Not to Burn

Chapter 4 Chemical Evidence
Case Study: Mind Games
4.1 Chemical Nature of Evidence: Regions of the Periodic Table
4.2 Types of Compounds: Covalent Compounds
4.3 Types of Compounds: Ionic Compounds
4.4 Common Names and Diatomic Elements
4.5 Basics of Chemical Reactions
4.6 Balancing Chemical Reactions
4.7 Mathematics of Chemical Reactions: Mole Calculations
4.8 Mathematics of Chemical Reactions: Stoichiometry Calculations
4.9 Types of Reactions
4.10 Mathematics of Chemical Reactions: Limiting Reagents and Theoretical Yields
Evidence Analysis: Spectrophotometry
4.11 Case Study Finale: Mind Games

Chapter 5 Chemistry of Bonding: Structure and Function of Drug Molecules
Case Study: No Motive, No Opportunity
5.1 Nature of Covalent Bonds
5.2 Lewis Structures of Ionic Compounds
5.3 Lewis Structures of Covalent Compounds
5.4 Resonance Structures
5.5 VSEPR Theory
5.6 Polarity of Bonds and Molecules
5.7 Molecular Geometry of Drugs
5.8 Drug Receptors and Brain Chemistry
Evidence Analysis: Immunoassay Methods
5.9 Case Study Finale: No Motive, No Opportunity

Chapter 6 Properties of Solutions I: Aqueous Solutions
Case Study: An Aqueous Apocalypse
6.1 Aqueous Solutions
6.2 Solution Properties
6.3 Net Ionic Reactions
6.4 Solubility
6.5 Mathematics of Solutions: Concentration Calculations
6.6 Acid Chemistry
6.7 Base Chemistry
6.8 Neutralization Reactions
6.9 The pH Scale and Buffers
6.10 Mathematics of Solutions: Calculating pH
6.11 Case Study Finale: An Aqueous Apocalypse

Chapter 7 Properties of Solutions II: Intermolecular Forces and Colligative Properties
Case Study: Something for the Pain
7.1 Intermolecular Forces and Surface Tension
7.2 Types of Intermolecular Forces
7.3 Mixed Intermolecular Forces
7.4 The Process of Dissolution
7.5 Rate of Dissolving Soluble Compounds
7.6 Colligative Properties: Boiling Point of Solutions
7.7 Mathematics of Boiling Point Elevation
7.8 Colligative Properties: Freezing Point of Solutions
7.9 Mathematics of Freezing Point Depression
7.10 Colligative Properties: Osmosis
Evidence Analysis: HPLC
7.11 Mathematics of Osmotic Pressure
7.12 Case Study Finale: Something for the Pain

Chapter 8 Drug Chemistry
Case Study: The Experts Agreed
8.1 Introduction to Organic Chemistry
8.2 Alkanes
8.3 Alkenes and Alkynes
8.4 Branched Isomers
8.5 Cyclic Compounds
8.6 Ethers, Ketones, and Esters
8.7 Amines
8.8 Alcohols, Aldehydes, and Carboxylic Acids
8.9 How to Extract Organic Compounds: Solubility and Acid–Base Properties
Evidence Analysis: Infrared Spectroscopy
8.10 Case Study Finale: The Experts Agreed

Chapter 9 Arson Investigation
Case Study: "False and Unreliable"
9.1 The Chemistry of Fire
9.2 Combustion Reactions
9.3 Redox Reactions
9.4 Thermochemistry of Fire
9.5 Heat Capacity and Phase Changes
9.6 Mathematics of Heat Capacity
9.7 The First Law of Thermodynamics and Calorimetry
9.8 Mathematics of Calorimetry
9.9 Petroleum Refinement
Evidence Analysis: Gas Chromatography
9.10 Case Study Finale: "False and Unreliable"

Chapter 10 Chemistry of Explosions
Case Study: Tracing Explosives
10.1 Explosives 101
10.2 Redox Chemistry of Explosives
10.3 Kinetic-Molecular Theory of Gases
10.4 Gas Laws
10.5 Mathematics of the Gas Laws
10.6 The Combined and Ideal Gas Laws
10.7 Mathematics of the Combined and Ideal Gas Laws
10.8 Mathematics of Advanced Ideal Gas Law Problems
10.9 Detection of Explosives: Dalton’s Law of Partial Pressures
Evidence Analysis: Mass Spectroscopy
10.10 Case Study Finale: Tracing Explosives

Chapter 11 Estimating the Time of Death
Case Study: Cold-Blooded Evidence
11.1 Introduction to Chemical Kinetics
11.2 Collision Theory
11.3 Kinetics and Temperature
11.4 Kinetics and Catalysts
11.5 Zero-Order Reactions
11.6 First-Order Reactions
11.7 Half-Life
11.8 Case Study Finale: Cold-Blooded Evidence

Chapter 12 The Nuclear Age: Energy, Medicine, Weapons, and Terrorism
Case Study: Elimination by Irradiation
12.1 The Discovery of Natural Radioactivity
12.2 Radiation Types and Hazards
12.3 Balancing Nuclear Equations
12.4 Half-Lives and Risk Assessment
12.5 Medical Applications of Nuclear Isotopes
12.6 Forensic Application of Carbon-14
12.7 Nuclear Power Plants
12.8 Military Uses of Nuclear Isotopes
12.9 Nuclear Transmutations
Evidence Analysis: Neutron Activation Analysis
12.10 Nuclear Terrorism
12.11 Case Study Finale: Elimination by Irradiation

Chapter 13 Poisons
Case Study: A Mother-in-Law’s Justice
13.1 Introduction to Poisons
13.2 Chemical Equilibrium and Poisons
13.3 Dynamic Equilibrium
13.4 Values of the Equilibrium Constant
13.5 Le Chatelier’s Principle
13.6 Solubility Equilibrium
13.7 Case Study Finale: A Mother-in-Law’s Justice

Chapter 14 Identification of Victims: DNA Analysis
Case Study: Remembering 9-11
14.1 Lipids: Fats, Waxes, and Oils
14.2 Carbohydrates
14.3 Proteins
14.4 DNA Basics
14.5 DNA Analysis
14.6 Mitochondrial DNA
14.7 Case Study Finale: Remembering 9-11

Appendix A
Appendix B
Answers to Odd-Numbered Questions and Problems

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