Polygamy, forced marriage, female genital mutilation, punishing women for being raped, differential access for men and women to health care and education, unequal rights of ownership, assembly, and political participation, unequal vulnerability to violence. These practices and conditions are standard in some parts of the world. Do demands for multiculturalismand certain minority group rights in particularmake them more likely to continue and to spread to liberal democracies? Are there fundamental conflicts between our commitment to gender equity and our increasing desire to respect the customs of minority cultures or religions? In this book, the eminent feminist Susan Moller Okin and fifteen of the world's leading thinkers about feminism and multiculturalism explore these unsettling questions in a provocative, passionate, and illuminating debate.
Okin opens by arguing that some group rights can, in fact, endanger women. She points, for example, to the French government's giving thousands of male immigrants special permission to bring multiple wives into the country, despite French laws against polygamy and the wives' own bitter opposition to the practice. Okin argues that if we agree that women should not be disadvantaged because of their sex, we should not accept group rights that permit oppressive practices on the grounds that they are fundamental to minority cultures whose existence may otherwise be threatened.
In reply, some respondents reject Okin's position outright, contending that her views are rooted in a moral universalism that is blind to cultural difference. Others quarrel with Okin's focus on gender, or argue that we should be careful about which group rights we permit, but not reject the category of group rights altogether. Okin concludes with a rebuttal, clarifying, adjusting, and extending her original position. These incisive and accessible essaysexpanded from their original publication in Boston Review and including four new contributionsare indispensable reading for anyone interested in one of the most contentious social and political issues today.
The diverse contributors, in addition to Okin, are Azizah al-Hibri, Abdullahi An-Na'im, Homi Bhabha, Sander Gilman, Janet Halley, Bonnie Honig, Will Kymlicka, Martha Nussbaum, Bhikhu Parekh, Katha Pollitt, Robert Post, Joseph Raz, Saskia Sassen, Cass Sunstein, and Yael Tamir.
|Publisher:||Princeton University Press|
|Product dimensions:||6.00(w) x 9.25(h) x 0.49(d)|
Table of Contents
Introduction: Feminism, Multiculturalism, and Human Equality Joshua Cohen, Matthew Howard, and Martha C. Nussbaum 3
PART 1: IS MULTICULTURALISM BAD FOR WOMEN? Susan Moller Okin 7
PART 2: RESPONSES Whose Culture? Katha Pollitt 27
Liberal Complacencies Will Kymlicka 31
"My Culture Made Me Do It" Bonnie Honig 35
Is Western Patriarchal Feminism Good for Third World / Minority Women? Azizah Y. al-Hibri 41
Siding With the Underdogs Yael Tamir 47
"Barbaric" Rituals? Sander L. Gilman 53
Promises We should All Keep in Common Cause Abdullahi An-Na'im 59
Between Norms and Choices Robert Post 65
A Varied Moral World Bhikhu Parekh 69
Culture beyond Gender Saskia Sassen 76
Liberalism's Sacred Cow Homi K. Bhabha 79
Should Sex Equality Law Apply to Religious Institutions? Cass R. Sunstein 85
How Perfect Should One Be? And Whose Culture Is? Joseph Raz 95
Culture Constrains Janet E. Halley 100
A Plea for Difficulty Martha C. Nussbaum 105
PART 3: REPLY Susan Moller Okin 115