Since 2000, more than twenty countries around the world have held elections in which parties that espouse a political agenda based on an Islamic worldview have competed for legislative seats. Islamist Parties and Political Normalization in the Muslim World examines the impact these parties have had on the political process in two different areas of the world with large Muslim populations: the Middle East and Asia. The book's contributors examine major cases of Islamist party evolution and participation in democratic and semidemocratic systems in Turkey, Morocco, Yemen, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Bangladesh. Collectively they articulate a theoretical framework to understand the strategic behavior of Islamist parties, including the characteristics that distinguish them from other types of political parties, how they relate to other parties as potential competitors or collaborators, how ties to broader Islamist movements may affect party behavior in elections, and how participation in an electoral system can affect the behavior and ideology of an Islamist party over time.
Through this framework, the contributors observe a general tendency in Islamist politics. Although Islamist parties represent diverse interests and behaviors that are tied to their particular domestic contexts, through repeated elections they often come to operate less as antiestablishment parties and more in line with the political norms of the regimes in which they compete. While a few parties have deliberately chosen to remain on the fringes of their political system, most have found significant political rewards in changing their messages and behavior to attract more centrist voters. As the impact of the Arab Spring continues to be felt, Islamist Parties and Political Normalization in the Muslim World offers a nuanced and timely perspective of Islamist politics in broader global context.
Contributors: Wenling Chan, Julie Chernov Hwang, Joseph Chinyong Liow, Driss Maghraoui, Quinn Mecham, Ali Riaz, Murat Somer, Stacey Philbrick Yadav, Saloua Zerhouni.
|Publisher:||University of Pennsylvania Press, Inc.|
|Product dimensions:||6.30(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.00(d)|
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Table of Contents
Introduction: The Emergence and Development of Islamist Political Parties Quinn Mecham Julie Chernov Hwang 1
1 Islamist Parties as Strategic Actors: Electoral Participation and Its Consequences Quinn Mecham 17
2 When Is Normalization Also Democratization? Islamist Political Parties, the Turkish Case, and the Future of Muslim Polities Murat Somer 40
3 Patterns of Normalization: Islamist Parties in Indonesia Julie Chernov Hwang 58
4 Between a Rock and a Hard Place: Reform, Reticence, and Realignments of the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party Joseph Chinyong Liow Wenling Chan 84
5 Searching for Political Normalization: The Party of Justice and Development in Morocco Driss Maghraoui Saloua Zerhooni 112
6 Mapping the Terrain of Reform in Yemen: Islah over Two Decades Stacey Philbrick Yadav 134
7 Islamist Parties, Elections, and Democracy in Bangladesh Ali Riaz 156
Conclusion: The New Dynamism of Islamist Parties Julie Chernov Hwang Quinn Mecham 175
List of Contributors 221