Israel's Changing Society: Population, Ethnicity, And Development, Second Edition / Edition 2

Israel's Changing Society: Population, Ethnicity, And Development, Second Edition / Edition 2

by Calvin Goldscheider
Pub. Date:
Avalon Publishing
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Israel's Changing Society: Population, Ethnicity, And Development, Second Edition / Edition 2

This book provides the most up-to-date assessment of Israel's society today, portraying the country's ethnic diversity, its economy, and demographic changes. Revealing linkages between demographic transformation and socioeconomic change, Goldscheider shows how ethnic group formation emerged in Israel to create the present mix of Jewish and Arab populations. He also reviews the policies of Palestinian and Israeli governments concerning immigration, describing the ways in which socioeconomic development within Israel, urbanization, and industrialization have evolved through the use of outside capital and increasing dependency.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780813339177
Publisher: Avalon Publishing
Publication date: 07/01/2002
Edition description: REV
Pages: 304
Product dimensions: 0.69(w) x 6.00(h) x 9.00(d)

Table of Contents

Tables and Figuresxi
Preface and Acknowledgmentsxv
Preface to the Revised Editionxxi
Part 1Demography, Development, and Ethnicity
1Nation-Building, Population, and Development3
Demographic Themes5
Changing Demographic Snapshots7
Are Israeli Demographic Patterns Unique?9
Israel's Demography Among the Nations10
Development and Nation-Building12
Zionism, Population, and Development20
The National-Ethnic Connection20
2Ethnic Diversity: Jewish and Arab Populations of Israel23
Ethnic Categories: Construction and Definitions24
Ethnicity and the Life Course28
The Changing Ethnic Mosaic in Israel30
Contexts of Ethnic Differences: Methodological Considerations32
Interpreting Ethnic Differentiation: General Orientations35
Part 2The Formation of Israeli Communities
3Immigration, Nation-Building, and Ethnicity43
Ideology and the Uniqueness of Immigration to Israel43
The Historical Context: Jewish Immigration to Palestine45
Jewish Immigration to the State of Israel: Four Major Streams--1948-199950
The Conspicuous Consequences of Immigration56
Nation-Building, Zionism, and Immigrants62
4Arab Israelis: Demography, Dependency, and Distinctiveness65
Five Arab-Israeli Demographic Issues66
Are Arab Israelis the American Blacks of Israeli Society?75
Arab Israelis in Israeli Society and in Their Communities78
Israeli Arabs in Democratic and Demographic Perspective83
Part 3Ecology, Settlement, and the Development of Communities
5Urbanization, Internal Migration, and Residential Integration89
Urbanization and Regional Population Distribution91
Ethnic Urban Patterns97
Internal Migration101
Arab Residential Concentration102
6Communities: Kibbutzim, Moshavim, Development Towns, and Cities109
Kibbutzim: Origins, Developments, and National Influence110
Kibbutzim: Population and Ethnicity in the Countryside113
Moshavim: Cooperative Agriculture118
Development Towns and Small Urban Areas120
The Largest Cities126
Administered Territories: Judea, Samaria, and Gaza128
The Role of Place in Israeli Society130
Part 4Forms of Inequality: Social Class, Gender, and Death
7Resources and Inequality: Education, Occupation, and Income135
The Educational Dimension of Inequality136
Occupational Opportunities145
Occupational Prestige148
Self-Employment in Israel149
Income and Consumption151
Concluding Observations153
8Changing Roles of Israeli Women and Men155
Gender and Inequality: Theory and Mixed Expectations155
The Narrowing Gender Gap in Education158
Working Women: Juggling Part-Time Employment and Families160
Occupational Concentration, Feminization, and Discrimination164
Women and the Military166
Gender, Politics, and Religion168
Families and Power: Abortion and Contraception170
Gender Equality in the Kibbutz: Myth and Reality171
Concluding Observations172
9Inequality and Mortality Decline175
Mortality Levels and Changes177
Immigration and Mortality Differentials180
Areal and Socioeconomic Variation183
Contemporary Ethnic Differences186
Concluding Observations189
Part 5Family Formation and Generational Continuities
10Marriage, Family, and Intermarriage195
Family Formation: Extent and Timing197
Familism: Family Structure, Divorce, and Living Arrangements200
Families and Assimilation: Ethnic Families and Intermarriages203
The Increase in Ethnic Marriages206
Intermarriage and Educational Trade-offs208
Intermarriage and Ethnicity212
11The Transition to Small Family Size: The Fertility Revolution and Ethnic Convergences217
Changing Fertility Patterns over Time218
Fertility Transitions, Immigration, and Jewish Cohorts222
Contemporary Jewish Fertility Differentials224
Moslem and Christian Fertility Changes in Israel227
The Nature and Impact of Fertility Policies232
Concluding Observations234
Part 6Diasporas, Dependencies, and Ethnic Continuities
12The Jewish Diaspora and Palestine: Ethnicity and Nation-Building in the State of Israel241
The Jewish Diaspora and Israeli Society242
Who Is Jewish in Israel and in the Jewish Diaspora?243
Gaps Between Jewries: Are Relationships Changing?248
The Palestinian Diaspora250
When Peace Arrives255
Ethnicity and Nationalism: Are Ethnic Groups Transitional?256

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