It's a Crime: Women and Justice / Edition 4 available in Paperback
It’s a Crime: Women and Justice, Fourth Edition, is an all-inclusive work on women and issues of justice. The most complete, up-to-date text available, it compiles over 50 essays that explore issues such as: the history of women’s issues; women and the law; women and violence; women and health problems; gender and race, women and prison; women and criminal justice professions; women and terrorism; and girls and delinquency. Written by Rosalyn Muraskin and leading scholars in the field, this edition highlights over thirty new essays and presents a thought-provoking dialogue concerning the major tribulations women face in the criminal justice system.
About the Author
Roslyn Muraskin, Ph.D., is a tenured Full Professor of criminal justice at the C.W. Post Campus of Long IslandUniversity. Her published works include IT’S A CRIME: WOMEN AND JUSTICE (2007), Prentice Hall, KEY CORRECTIONAL ISSUES (2005), Prentice Hall, MEDIA AND CRIME: HEADLINES OR REALITY (in press), Prentice Hall, KEY CORRECTIONAL ISSUES (2005), Prentice Hall, VISIONS FOR CHANGE: CRIME AND JUSTICE IN THE TWENTY-FIRST CENTURY, ( 2005 4th edition) Prentice Hall with Albert R. Roberts, Editor of the WOMEN’S SERIES for Prentice Hall including: Women in Law Enforcement Careers (2005), The Female Homicide Offender: Serial Murder and the Case of Aileen Wuornos (2004), The Incarcerated Woman: Rehabilitative Programming in Criminal Justice (2003), plus others, MORALITY AND THE LAW (2001) Prentice Hall. Additionally, Dr. Muraskin is the Editor of the Criminal Justice Series, A CRITICAL JOURNAL OF CRIME, LAW AND SOCIETY, a refereed journal published quarterly by Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, and serves on the Board of many Journals and publications, including the Editorial Board of the Encyclopedia of Criminology.
Dr. Muraskin serves as the director of the Long Island Women’ Institute for the College of Management at Long Island University, as well as the executive director of the Alumni Chapter for the College of Management. She served in the capacity of associate dean of the College of Management (1990-1996) and as director of the School of Public Service.
Among the awards she has received: “You Have Made a World of Difference,” College of Management, Long Island University; Long Island Women’s Agenda Outstanding Contributions; Recipient of Outstanding Contribution Award to Criminal Justice, Minority Section of ACJS, Recipient of Fellow Award for Northeastern Association of Criminal Justice Sciences, Honoree at Golf Outing of Long Island Association for Aids Care, plus.
She received her doctorate in criminal justice from the GraduateCenter at the CityUniversity of New York, and her master’s degree at New YorkUniversity. She received her bachelor’s degree from QueensCollege.
She currently holds the position of Vice-Chair of the Women’s Division of the American Society of Criminology, served as Trustee of Region One for the Academy of Criminal Justice Sciences, as well as President of the Northeastern Association for Criminal Justice Sciences. She is also a community activist currently working on issues regarding the Environment.
Dr. Muraskin’s main research interests are those of gender and the law, as well as those issues that impact prisoners in correctional facilities. She is a frequent guest lecturer on issues of gender, race and the law, and can be seen on television and hard on radio.
Table of ContentsForeword by Merry Morash.
I. HISTORICAL DEVELOPMENT OF WOMEN'S ISSUES.1. Ain't I a Woman, Roslyn Muraskin.
2. Taming Women and Nature: The Criminal Justice System and the Creation of Crime in Salem Village, Nanci Koser Wilson.
3. “Mule-Headed Slave Women Refusing to Take Foolishness from Anybody” : A Prelude to Future Accommodation, Resistance, and Criminality, Laura T. Fishman.
II. WOMEN AND THE LAW.4. Postpartum Syndromes and the Legal System, Tara C. Proano-Raps and Cheryl L. Meyer.
5. The Legal System and Sexual Harassment, Roslyn Muraskin.
6. Abortion: Is It a Right to Privacy or Compulsory Childbearing?, Roslyn Muraskin.
III. WOMEN, DRUGS, AND AIDS.7. Revisiting Crack Mothers at 6, Drew Humphries.
8. Women, AIDS, and the Criminal Justice System, Joan Luxenburg and Thomas E. Guild.
9. The Legal Response to Substance Abuse During Pregnancy, Inger Sagatun-Edwards.
10. HIV Disease and Women Offenders, Arthur J. Lurigio, James A. Swartz, and Ciuinal Jones.
IV. WOMEN IN PRISON.11. Women in Prison: Vengeful Equity, Barbara Bloom and Meda Chesney-Lind.
12. Crime Control Policy and Inequality among Female Offenders: Racial Disparities in Treatmentamong Women on Probation, Zina T. McGee and Spencer R. Baker.
13 Three Strikes and It's Women Who Are Out: The Hidden Consequences for Women of Criminal Justice Policy Reforms, Mona J.E. Danner.
14. Disparate Treatment in Correctional Facilities: Looking Back, Roslyn Muraskin.
15. Doing Time In Alaska: Women, Culture and Crime, Cyndi Banks.
16. Sexual Abuse and Sexual Assault of Women in Prison, Zelma Weston Henriques and Evelyn Gilbert.
17. Dying to Get Out: The Execution of Females in the Post-Furman Era of the Death Penalty in the United States David E. Schulberg.
18. Women on Death Row, Etta F. Morgan.
V. WOMEN: VICTIMS OF VIOLENCE.19. Arrest Policies for Domestic Violence and Their Implications for Battered Women, Susan L. Miller.
20. Likelihood of an Arrest Decision for Domestic and Nondomestic Assault Calls: Do Police Under Enforce the Law When Responding to Domestic Violence?, Lynette Feder.
21. Victims of Domestic Stalking: A Comparison of Black and White Females, Janice Joseph.
22. Forced Sexual Intercourse: Contemporary Views, Robert T. Sigler, Ida M. Johnson, and Etta F. Morgan.
23. Battered Women on Mandatory Arrest Laws: A Comparison Across Three States, Alisa Smith.
24. Immigration Context of Wife Abuse: A Case of Vietnamese Immigrants in the United States, Hoan N. Bui.
VI. WOMEN IN CRIMINAL JUSTICE PROFESSIONS.25. Women on the Bench: Mavericks, Peacemakers, or Something Else? Research Questions, Issues, and Suggestions, Susman L. Miller and Michelle L. Meloy.
26. Women in the Legal Profession: Does Bias Still Exist?, Jody Clay-Warner.
27. Early Policing in the United States—“Help Wanted—Women Need Not Apply” , Martin L. O'Connor.
28. The Dislike of Female Offenders among Correctional Officers: The Need for Specialized Training, Christine E. Rasche.
VII. WOMEN AND CRIME.29. Women's Training for Organized Crime: Sex and Sexuality, Sue Mahan.
30. Classifying Female Serial Killers: An Application of Prominent Typologies, Laura J. Moriarty and Kimberly L. Freiberger.
31. Listening to Women's Voices: Considering Why Mothers Kill Their Children, Cheryl Meyer.
VIII. GIRLS AND DELINQUENCY.32. Developing Gender-Specific Services for Delinquency Prevention: Understanding Risk and Resiliency, Barbara Bloom, Barbara Owens, Elizabeth Piper Deschenes and Jill Rosenbloom.
33. Gender Differences in Delinquency Career Types and the Transition to Adult Crime, Kimberly Kempf-Leonard and Paul E. Tracy.
34. Film Portrayals of Female Delinquents: Realistic or Stereotypical?, Laura L. Finley and Peter S. Finley.
IX. CONCLUSION, ROSLYN MURASKIN.Biography of Editor/Author.
Biographies of Contributors.
At the Seneca Falls Conference in 1848, women gathered together to declare that "we hold these truths to be self evident that all men and women emphasis mine are created equal." In the Declaration of Sentiments, Elizabeth Stanton pointed out that "the history of mankind is a history of repeated injuries and usurpations on the part of man toward woman, having in direct object the establishment of an absolute tyranny over her. To prove this, let facts be submitted to a candid world." It went into specifics:
- Married women were legally dead in the eyes of the law.
- Women were not allowed to vote.
- Women had to submit to laws when they had no voice in their formation.
- Married women had no property rights.
- Husbands had legal power over and responsibility for their wives to the extent that theycould imprison or beat them with impunity.
- Divorce and child custody laws favored men.
- Women had to pay property taxes although they had no representation in the levying of these taxes.
- Most occupations were closed to women and when women did gain entry, they were paid only a fraction of what men earned.
- Women were not allowed to enter professions such as medicine or law.
- Women had no means to gain an education since no college or university would accept women students.
- With only a few exceptions, women were not allowed to participate in the affairs of the church.
- Women were robbed of their self-confidence and self-respect, and were made totally dependent on men.
These were strong words. This was the status quo for women in the United States in 1848. In the words of Elizabeth Stanton: "Now in view of this entire disenfranchisement of one-half the people of this country, their social and religious degradationin view of the unjust laws . . . and because women feel themselves aggrieved, oppressed, and fraudulently deprived of their most sacred rights, we insist that they have immediate admission to all the rights and privileges which belong to them as citizens of these United States." That was then. The movement produced few results. Women did not receive the right to vote until the passage of the Nineteenth Amendment to the Constitution early in the twentieth century.
In the words of Supreme Court Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg: "I think about how much we owe to the women who went before uslegions of women, some known but many unknown. I applaud the bravery and resilience of those who helped all of usyou and meto be here today" (1998).
The potential for progress in the realm of women's issues and the criminal justice system is possible because of the continuous battles that women have continued to fight in striving for something called equality or parity of treatment. The history of women indicates that gender should not be a factor in determining the legal rights of women and men, but it has been. Dating back to 1776, when this country was being formed and the laws were being written by men, it was Abigail Adams, in a letter to her husband, John, who insisted that if in the new American Constitution, "care and attention are not paid to the ladies," they will foment a rebellion. Women have been fomenting that rebellion ever since. The reader will find that the struggle is not over, even though women may have a voice and are being heard.
In this work we talk about women as slaves; witchcraft; affirmative action; disparate treatment of women; sexual harassment; crimes of violence; rights of privacy; women, drugs, and AIDS; women in prison; women as victims of crime; women in criminal justice professions; women and crime; and girls and delinquency.
The chapters that follow are written primarily by scholars and researchers in the field. This third edition, as the previous two, deals with the most up to-date-issues and policies that pertain to women as they are affected and treated by the criminal justice system as well as those basic rights believed to be most fundamental by all. The material and topics provide the best there is as they concern the gender-based problems we face in society today.
In the words of the late Ted Alleman (with whom I worked on the first edition): "Those who see the world entirely from a man's perspective and are simply blind to the existence and influence of women are said to be androcentric in their thinking." Traditional literature ignores the role of women. There are those who will deprecate and/or ignore a woman's point of view entirely. For women, public denigration is not socially acceptable. Personal attacks should be a thing of the past.
Today, women and girls live the legacy of women's rights. It is my passionate hope that this work will result in more meaningful and thought-provoking dialogue concerning the important problems women face in the criminal justice system. It's a crime, if we do not realize the importance of the role that women play. Basic human rights are fundamental to all, women and men alike. The raw material is presented in this texthopefully, you will make it come alive.
Long Island University