J2EE Applications and BEA WebLogic Servers

J2EE Applications and BEA WebLogic Servers

Paperback(Older Edition)

$49.99

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780130911117
Publisher: Pearson Education
Publication date: 08/03/2001
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 720
Product dimensions: 7.06(w) x 9.28(h) x 1.98(d)

About the Author

Michael Girdley, Senior Product Manager for the BEA WebLogic Server, serves as marketing liaison to over 200 BEA engineers. He has extensive experience programming with Java, HTML, C, and C++, and is co-author of Web Programming with Java and Java Unleashed, Second Edition (SAMS).

Rob Woollen is Senior Software Engineer for Enterprise JavaBeans at BEA Systems, and lead developer for the WebLogic Server EJB Container. He was formerly Senior Performance Engineer in charge of analyzing and improving WebLogic Server performance.

Sandra L. Emerson is a technical writer and consultant with 20 years of experience in the software industry. She is co-author of four books, including Addison-Wesley's best-selling The Practical SQL Handbook.

Read an Excerpt

Chapter 7: Enterprise Messaging with the Java Message Service (JMS)

The Java Message Service (JMS) provides a standard enterprise messaging service for Java 2 Enterprise Edition (J2EE) applications. JMS acts as an intelligent switchboard for routing messages among application components and processes in a distributed application. JMS queues messages and can deliver them asynchronously: Messaging need not take place in real time; and messages can be sent and consumed at different times.

Benefits of JMS

There are a number of reasons to use a messaging system for interprocess communication instead of making direct method calls. A messaging system provides a clean way to connect disparate systems within an application. Messaging systems also help divide long-running work into multiple transactions for greater efficiency. When communication is asynchronous, the client need not wait for all of the processing to complete.

Messaging systems also provide reliability. JMS can optionally save a message to a persistent store. There is, however, a trade-off between reliability and performance. The messaging system runs faster if messages are not persistent, but the application must tolerate lost messages in the event of a server crash. Messaging systems also enable clients to disconnect and reconnect to the server without losing work. JMS can be configured to save messages while the client is disconnected and deliver them once the client has reconnected. Unlike method calls on a single object, JMS allows sending a single message to many recipients.

Interprocess Communication

Most large systems are divided into several separate functional units. JMS provides reliable communication between these separate processes. For instance, an e-commerce application might include a Web front-end for customer order entry. A warehouse then receives the order, packages the appropriate items, and forwards the order to the shipping department. Finally, the shipping department sends the package and updates the customer's account records.

JMS provides the communication backbone for workflow applications.

Point-to-Point Messaging
The order fulfillment application uses JMS's point-to-point (PTP) messaging model to provide reliable communication within this multi-stage application. In PTP communication, JMS delivers each message to a single message consumer. For instance, in this application, the Web front-end sends a message including the new order information. A single warehouse receives the message and processes the order. The message system guarantees that multiple warehouses do not fill the same order. This application also uses JMS's reliability guarantees. Because customer orders are important information that should be retained, the developer will request JMS to mark these messages as persistent. With persistent messages, JMS saves the message contents to a persistent storage such as a database or file store.

Publish/Subscribe Messaging
In addition to PTP communication, JMS provides a publish-and-subscribe messaging model. With publish/subscribe messaging (also known as pub/sub), a message is sent to a named topic. There might be multiple message listeners subscribed to each topic. The JMS subsystem delivers a copy of the message to each of the topic's subscribers. For instance, an e-commerce site might define a frequent-customer topic. When a customer makes several purchases, a message is sent to this topic. The site can then send “special deals” messages to a select group of listeners, the frequent customers. Because there might be several message listeners, each offering a separate special deal, it is appropriate to use pub/sub instead of PTP communication.

JMS Fundamentals

The JMS specification defines both PTP and pub/sub APIs. A JMS Server can implement one or both of these APIs. The WebLogic Server's JMS implementation includes both the PTP and pub/sub APIs.

The JMS APIs define a set of fundamental objects. Each object is separately defined in the PTP and pub/sub domains, but their function is nearly identical in both domains.

Connection Factories

Connection factories are created by the server administrator and bound into the Java Naming and Directory Interface (JNDI) tree. A JMS client uses JNDI to look up the ConnectionFactory and then uses the ConnectionFactory to establish a JMS connection. The PTP connection factory is javax.jms.QueueConnectionFactory while the pub/sub domain uses javax.jms.TopicConnectionFactory.

The WebLogic Server binds a standard connection factory with the name weblogic.jms.ConnectionFactory. It also is possible to define additional connection factories with the WebLogic Server's Administration Console. An application uses a user-defined ConnectionFactory if needed to impose additional security constraints on the ConnectionFactory.

Connections
A JMS connection represents the active connection between the JMS client and the WebLogic Server. The JMS client creates the JMS connection by calling the createQueueConnection or the createTopicConnec-tion methods on the ConnectionFactory. A JMS connection is a rela-tively heavyweight object and normally each client uses a single JMS connection. Each JMS connection can be associated with many JMS destina-tions. The PTP connection is javax.jms.QueueConnection while the pub/sub connection is javax.jms.TopicConnection.

Sessions
The JMS session represents a client's conversational state with a JMS Server. A session is created from the JMS connection, and it represents a single thread of conversation between a JMS client and server. Sessions define mes-sage ordering, and JMS uses sessions for transactional messaging. The PTP model uses javax.jms.QueueSession while the pub/sub model uses javax.jms.TopicSession.

Destinations
JMS destinations are the actual messaging resource. PTP messaging defines javax.jms.Queue while pub/sub includes javax.jms.Topic. The server administrator uses the WebLogic Console to create destinations with a specified JNDI name. The JMS client then performs a JNDI lookup to locate the JMS destination....

Table of Contents

Foreword.
Preface.
1. Introduction.
What Is BEA WebLogic Server? WebLogic Server Overview. The Container-Component Model. WebLogic Server Strengths: Component Support and Scalability. How to Use this Book. Road Map. Summaries. System Requirements. Supported Platforms. Software on the CD-ROM. Versions Supported. Conventions.

2. Overview of J2EE Technologies.
WebLogic Server and J2EE. J2EE Technologies Covered in this Book. Presentation Logic. Java Servlets. JavaServer Pages (JSPs). WebLogic Server JavaBeans and Tag Libraries. Database and Transaction Support. Java Database Connectivity (JDBC). Java Transaction API (JTA) Support. Object Registry and Remote Method Invocation (RMI). Java Naming and Directory Interface (JNDI). Remote Method Invocation (RMI). Enterprise JavaBeans (EJBs). WebLogic Server Entity EJBs. WebLogic Server Session EJBs. WebLogic Server Message-Driven Beans. Java Message Service (JMS). JavaMail. Security. WebLogic Server's Distributed Deployment Support. About WebAuction. WebAuction Application Technology Requirements.

3. Building Presentation Logic with WebLogic Server Servlets.
Introducing WebLogic Server Servlets. WebLogic Server Servlets Handle HTTP Requests. Generic Servlets. How Servlets Are Used. WebLogic Server JavaServer Pages (JSPs). Servlets or JSPs? Developing Servlets. Anatomy of a Servlet. A Basic Servlet. About the Packaging and Deployment Process. About Web Applications (.war Files). The Lifecycle of a Servlet. Handling Basic Servlet Requests. Generatingthe Servlet Response. Using Default Methods to Handle Web Forms. Servlets and Web Sessions. Conventional Methods for Session Tracking Are Difficult. The Servlet Specification to the Rescue. The Scope of a Session. Sessions and Servlets Example. Baking Your Own Cookies. Dealing with Users. Creating a Cookie. URL Rewriting. Custom Cookies for Personalization. Long-Term CookieServlet Example. The Web Application Package. About Web Applications. Web Application Overview. Web Archive Organization. Using Servlets with WebLogic Server Clustering. Persisting Session Information. Session Protection Performance Implications. Choosing the Right Level of Protection. Special Considerations for In-Memory Replication. Best Practices for Servlets. Be Smart About Session State. Don't Close/Terminate the Response Stream. Always Activate URL Rewriting. Session Objects Are Not Appropriate for Long-Term Data. Keep Scalability in Mind.

4. Using WebLogic Server JavaServer Pages.
About WebLogic Server JSPs. Why JSP? Integrating Java Code with JSP. JSP Basics. Anatomy of a JSP. A Basic JSP Example. Running the Basic JSP Example in WebLogic Server. The Lifecycle of a JSP. Initialization. Loading and Instantiation. End of Service. JSP Page Elements. JSP Directives. Page Directives. Implicit Objects and Scripting Elements. Actions. Using Java Beans with JSPs. JSP Tags for Using Beans. Building a JavaBean into a JSP. Using JavaBean Properties. Custom Tag Libraries. Using Custom Tag Libraries in JSP. Error Pages, Comments, and Deployment Descriptors. JSP Error Page. JSP Comments. JSP Deployment Descriptor Options. Using Servlets and JSPs Together: Model View Controller. MVC Components. MVC in Web Applications. MVC Applicability. Best Practices for Debugging and Developing JSPs. Create Scripts to Take Advantage of Automatic Deployment. Base Your Development on Templates. Be Careful About Capitalization and Spacing. Turn on the Debugging Messages Using the Console. Best Practices for JSPs. Keep in Mind that JSPs Are Just Specialized Servlets. Encapsulate Complex Data and Logic in JavaBeans and Custom Tag Libraries. Always Activate and Use URL Rewriting. Use JSP Error Pages. JSPs in the WebAuction Application. browseitems.jsp. ItemBean JavaBean. Browsing the WebAuction Code.

5. Using Databases and Transactions with JDBC and JTA.
WebLogic Server JDBC. Why JDBC? JDBC Drivers. Using JDBC to Read Data. Using JDBC to Update the Database. Transactions. Using the JTA Driver. WebLogic Server Multi-Database Transaction Services: JTA, XA, and 2PC. Complete WebLogic Server JTA Example. WebLogic Server and Distributed Transactions. Distributed Transactions and Standards. Using XA-Compliant Resources and JTA. Transaction Isolation Levels. Prepared Statements. Error Handling and SQL Warnings. Handling SQLException Errors. Handling SQL Warnings. Metadata. Using Metadata. Advanced Features. BLOBs and CLOBs. Best Practices for JDBC. Make Your Queries as Smart as Possible. Tune the Database. Put Initialization Code in init(). Get Your JDBC Connection from a TxDataSource or the JTS Driver. Use Batch Updates. Do In-Place Updates Where Possible. Use the Appropriate Method to Get a JDBC Connection Object. Release the JDBC Resources Appropriately. Use Autocommit Appropriately. Don't Hang onto JDBC Connections. Work in the Database If You Can. Commit or Roll Back Your Transactions as Soon as Possible. Set Your Pool Size Appropriately. Do Not Have Your Transactions Span User Input. JDBC and Transactions in the WebAuction Application.

6. Remote Method Invocation and Distributed Naming.
Remote Method Invocation. Using the Remote Interface. The RMI Programming Model. Serialization. The Serializable Interface. The Remote Interface. Hand-Coding Serialization. Using RMI in Distributed Applications. Handling the Unreliable Network. Performance Implications of Cross-Network Method Calls. WebLogic RMI Optimizations. JNDI: Java's Naming Service. Using JNDI. JNDI, Security, and Identity. JNDI and Clustering. Replicated Naming Service. Understanding Conflicts in the JNDI tree. Clustered JNDI with Replicated Bindings. Clustered JNDI with Nonreplicated Bindings. JNDI Best Practices. Local Caching. Using JNDI Effectively to Increase Performance. Minimizing Frequency of Updates. Conclusion.

7. Enterprise Messaging with the Java Message Service (JMS).
Benefits of JMS. Interprocess Communication. JMS Fundamentals. Connection Factories. Sample JMS Queue Producer/Consumer. Configuring JMS. Sample JMS Queue Producer/Consumer. Running the Queue Example. Sample JMS Topic Producer/Consumer. Message Producer. Synchronous Message Consumer. Asynchronous Message Consumer. Running the Topic Example. JMS Messages. JMS Header. Message Properties. Message Types. JMS Message Types. Reusing Message Objects. JMS Delivery Modes. Synchronous vs Asynchronous Receivers. Message Selectors. Durable JMS Subscriptions. Using Temporary Destinations. Message Acknowledgment. Which Acknowledgment Mode Is Right for Your Application? JMS and Transactions. Using Transacted Sessions. Using JTA Transactions with JMS. Clustering JMS. Exception Listeners. Using Multicast JMS. Configuration Changes for Multicast JMS. Using Multicast JMS Sessions. JMS Best Practices. Avoid Unneeded Features. Selection Performance Costs. Using Asynchronous Message Consumers Where Possible. Prefer JTA Transactions to Transacted Sessions. JMS Transactions and Error Handling. Conclusion.

8. Using Session Enterprise JavaBeans.
Enterprise JavaBeans Overview. Basics of EJBs. Session Beans. Entity Beans. Message-Driven Beans. Stateless Session EJB Example: HelloWorld. Building the EJB Jar File. Writing a Simple EJB Client. The EJB Container. Stateless Session EJBs. Stateless Programming Model. Stateless Session Bean Clustering. Using Member Variables with Stateless Session Beans. Stateful Session EJBs. The Stateful Programming Model. Stateful Session EJB Lifecycle. Stateful Session EJBs and Clustering. Stateful Session Beans and Concurrency. Using Transactions with Session Beans. Container-Managed Transactions. Bean-Managed Transactions. EJB Security. Assigning Security Roles in the EJB Deployment Descriptors. Using Programmatic Security with EJBs. EJB Environment. Declaring Environment Variables. EJB References. Declaring EJB References. Resource Manager References. Declaring Resource Manager References. Resource Reference Advantages. Handles. HomeHandles. Cars Example. Running the Example. Best Practices. Coding Business Interfaces. Tips for Transactions. When Not to Use Stateful Session Beans. Best Practices for EJB Security. Conclusion.

9. Entity EJBs.
Rationale for Entity EJBs. Entity Bean Basics. Entity Bean Components. Activation and Passivation. Home Methods and Business Methods. CMP Entity Bean Example. Container-Managed Fields. Student CMP Example. CMP. ejbCreate. ejbRemove. ejbLoad. ejbStore. Finders. ejbPostCreate. Container-Managed Entity Bean Lifecycle. Anonymous Instances. Identified Instances. Reading and Writing the Database. Introduction to CMRs. Unidirectional and Bidirectional Relationships. CMR Example. Creating the Database Tables. Mapping CMP Entity Beans to the Database. Running the Example. Writing EJB-QL for CMP Finders. CMR Programming Restrictions. BMP Entity Beans. Writing the Student BMP Entity EJB. Writing the BMP Bean Class. Best Practices for BMP Entity EJBs. Advanced Topics for Writing Entity EJBs. How to Write a Primary Key Class. Implementing hashCode. Implementing equals. Entity Bean Inheritance and Polymorphism. Inheritance Restrictions. Design Patterns for Inheritance and Polymorphism. Entity Beans and Locking. Database Concurrency. EJB Container Concurrency. Choosing a Database Concurrency Strategy. Optimizing Data Access Calls. Optimizing CMP Entity Beans. Using Read-Only Entity Beans. Designing Read-Mostly Entity Beans. Session Beans as a Wrapper for Entity Beans. Using Java Beans as Value Objects. BMP vs CMP. CMP Design Advantages. CMP Performance Advantages. Combining CMP and BMP. Stateless Session Beans vs Entity EJBs. Conclusion.

10. Using Message-Driven EJBs.
Message-Driven EJB Basics. Message-Driven EJB Lifecycle. Message-Driven EJB Example. MessagePrinterBean Class. Writing Deployment Descriptors for Message-Driven EJBs. Message-Driven Beans and Concurrency. Parallel Message Dispatch. Setting max-beans-in-freepool for Message-Driven EJBs. Message Ordering. Specifying a JMS Connection Factory. Using Transactions with Message-Driven Beans. Required Transaction Attribute. NotSupported Transaction Attribute. Bean-Managed Transactions. Error Handling with the Required Transaction Attribute. Message Acknowledgment. New Customer Example. Building and Running the Example. Message-Driven EJB Advantages. Using JTA Transactions with an Asynchronous Consumer. Parallel Message Processing. Simple and Standards-Based. Conclusion.

11. Interfacing with Internet Mail Using WebLogic Server JavaMail.
About Email. About Simple Mail Transport Protocol (SMTP). Mail Retrieval Protocols (POP3, IMAP). About JavaMail. The Session Class. The Message Class. The Transport Class. Mapping to Internet Addresses. Using JavaMail to Send Simple Email. Deploying MailSender.jsp. Adding Email Capability to the WebAuction Application. Where to Find More Information on JavaMail and Internet Mail. JavaMail Best Practices. Using JavaMail to Confirm Email Addresses.

12. Developing Security with WebLogic Server JNDI and JAAS.
Security Technology Overview. Users and Groups. Roles and Principals. J2EE Security Programming Models. Authentication. Secure Sockets Layer (SSL). Authorization. WebLogic Server Security Realms. Creating Secure Web Applications. Declarative Security in Web Applications. Developing Form-Based Authentication. Programming to the Caching Realm in Web Applications. The Realm API. Getting an Instance of the Realm. Adding and Retrieving Users in the Realm. Adding a User to a Group. Adding and Removing Groups. NewUser.jsp Example 495 Deploying a Realm API Authentication Example Using the RDBMS Realm. Developing Browser-Based Authentication. Specifying Deployment Descriptor Web Authorization Methods. Programmatic Security in Web Applications. Programmatic Security API. Programmatic Security Example. Developing Secure Application Clients. Why Two Security Services? WebLogic Server JAAS Authentication. Using JAAS for Application Client Security. Writing JAAS Authentication Code. Using WebLogic Server JAAS Authentication. JAAS-Secured Application Client: Implementation Notes. Using WebLogic Server JNDI for Application Client Security. WebLogic Server JNDI-Based Authentication. Example: Secure Application Client Using EJB. weblogic-ejb-jar.xml. SecureBean.java 522 Deploying the Secured EJB Client. About WebLogic SSL. Symmetric Key Encryption. Digital Certificates. Certificate Authorities. Notes on SSL Encryption. WebLogic Server SSL Usage Scenarios. Web Clients: Using SSL Security. SSL Security Example. Application Clients: Using SSL Security. WebLogic Server Security Best Practices. Putting It All Together. Securing the WebAuction Application.

13. Designing the Production Deployment.
Designing for Deployment. WebLogic Deployment Scenarios: Case Studies. Types of Client Software. Web Deployments: A Standard Configuration. Web Deployment Scenario #1: Commercial Web Server. Scenario #2: Using WebLogic Server as the Web Server. Using a DMZ and Firewalls in a Web Deployment. Firewalls. Integrating Web Deployments with Data Stores. Using WebLogic Server Clustering in a Web Deployment. Configuring Hardware for a Clustered Web Deployment. Clustering on a Multi-CPU Server. Hardware Specifics for Clustering. Web Application Deployment Details. Co-located Front- and Back-End Services. Web Services in the DMZ; EJB Outside. Using WebLogic Server as the Web Server. Application Deployments. Typical Application Deployment Architecture. Security Considerations in an Application Deployment. Recommended Application Deployment Architecture. Mixed Deployments. Simple Mixed Deployment Architectures. Using WebLogic Server Clustering in a Mixed Deployment. Security Considerations in a Mixed Deployment. Recommended Mixed Deployment Architecture. Application Deployment Process. Infrastructure Components in Application Deployment. Stages in Application Deployment. Best Practices for Deploying WebLogic Server. Design for Security. Test and Stage Your Application. Don't Get Too Creative. Minimize the Number of Moving Parts.

14. The WebAuction Application.
Application Architecture and Design: WebAuction. WebAuction Design Goals. WebAuction Subsystems. WebAuction Interfaces. Separating the Web and Business Logic Tiers. Accessing Server-Side Business Logic from JSP Pages. JavaBeans in the Presentation Layer. The Tag Library-to-Business Logic Interface. Utility Methods. WebAuction Security. Authenticating Users. Creating New User Accounts. Business Logic Design. WebAuction Stateless Session Bean. Transaction Flow. Entity Bean Relationships. Changes Required for a Production Application. Limiting Query Results. Unique ID Generation. Internationalizing WebAuction. Database Tuning. Assembling the Application Components: WebAuction. About Enterprise Archives. Enterprise Archive Organization. Writing application.xml. Packaging the Enterprise Archive (.ear). Quick Deployment of the WebAuction Application. Deploying the WebAuction Application: In Detail. Deploying the WebAuction on Another Database. Testing the WebAuction Application. Functional Testing. Stress and Performance Testing. Understanding ExecuteThreads.

15. Capacity Planning for the WebLogic Server.
Analysis of Capacity Planning. Factors Affecting Capacity. Methodology and Metrics for Capacity Planning. Setting Capacity Goals. Server Hardware Capacity Planning. A Baseline Capacity Profile. LAN Infrastructure Capacity Planning. External Connectivity Capacity Planning. Capacity Planning Best Practices.

Index.

Preface

Introducing BEA WebLogic Application Servers

J2EE Applications and BEA WebLogic Server addresses the need for a practical, state-of-the art book on developing enterprise applications with the market-leading BEA WebLogic Java application servers. The BEA WebLogic family of application servers includes BEA WebLogic Server, BEA WebLogic Enterprise, BEA WebLogic Commerce Server, and BEA WebLogic Personalization Server. This book focuses on BEA WebLogic Server.

BEA WebLogic Server (WebLogic Server) is a widely used Java application server for constructing multi-tier, secure, large-scale, distributed Web applications for e-commerce and other high-volume applications. Distributed applications require sophisticated, fast, fault-tolerant networked communication among application tiers and components. In a client-server application, client programs send requests and receive responses from a server system. With the advent of middleware and the Web revolution, many enterprise sites have moved from client-server application environments to n-tier—usually, 3- or 4-tier—architectures. In multi-level architectures, efficient network connectivity is paramount.

In a multi-tier application, WebLogic Server provides the framework for developing and deploying server-side business logic, and supports a distributed programming model that hides the complexity of distributed programming from the application writer. The programming model provided by J2EE and the WebLogic Server extensions provides some level of transparency, so that writing a distributed application is similar to writing a local application. Although the programmer must still be concerned about error handling and efficiency, WebLogic Server's implementation of the J2EE services provides an excellent development and execution environment for an enterprise-level distributed application.

An application server such as BEA WebLogic Server handles server-side business logic and the administration of a multi-client, distributed application that uses a variety of clients and servers. Giving the responsibility for business logic and traffic control to an application server has the following benefits:

  • Efficiency: Web browser and application clients can share the same business logic, rather than having to deploy business rules with each instance of a client.
  • Performance: Locating server-side business logic with or near resource-intensive modules such as data stores can improve performance.
  • Manageability: System administration and security issues are easier to address when business logic is centralized in an application server.

History of BEA's WebLogic Server Division

WebLogic, Inc. was founded in 1995--when Java, still a "think tank" project of Sun Microsystems, was code-named "Oak." In 1998, WebLogic merged with BEA Systems, Inc., a major vendor of transaction monitors and other tools for creating and managing enterprise-scale distributed systems. The BEA WebLogic Server product is a part of the BEA E-Business Platform.

From the beginning, the WebLogic Server developers determined to use only Java, and to focus on server-side technologies: server support and middleware management of multi-tier applications. Using off-the-shelf Java development tools (and general-purpose text-editing tools such as emacs), the WebLogic Server developers implemented APIs for each new Java standard feature that Sun specified. As a result, WebLogic Server has not only kept current with Java standards development but has also had the capability to influence emerging Java standards.

BEA WebLogic Server was an early implementer of each emerging Java Enterprise standard, including Enterprise JavaBeans (EJB), Remote Method Invocation (RMI), servlets, the Java Naming and Directory Interface (JNDI), and Java Database Connectivity (JDBC) for Oracle, Informix, Sybase, and Microsoft SQL Server. Each of these technologies is explained and illustrated in the chapters that follow.

In July 2000, the BEA Systems family of application servers successfully completed Sun Microsystems Java 2 Enterprise Edition (J2EE) certification, becoming the first independent company to achieve official J2EE certification.

BEA WebLogic Server has won several industry awards, including:

  • Best Java Application Server (JavaPro, June 2000)
  • Product Excellence and Productivity Award (Software Development Magazine, March 2000)
  • Java World Reader's Choice Award for best e-commerce application server, 1999
  • Infoworld's Product of the Year, 1999
  • Java Developers Journal Editor's Choice Award in 1998 and 1999

Why We Wrote This Book

BEA WebLogic Server has a growing installed base that has been supported by training classes and extensive documentation, but there has been no comprehensive, practical coverage of full-scale application development on the WebLogic Server platform. This step-by-step book explains where to start, and how to put all the pieces together. Planning for deployment and selecting the technologies that you'll use for each tier of the application is as important as laying down code.

Target Audience

J2EE Applications and BEA WebLogic Server is targeted at intermediate to professional-level Java programmers developing applications for the BEA WebLogic Server platform, the market leader among application servers. This book focuses on best practices for developing enterprise applications using the WebLogic Server APIs. The WebAuction application, a complete sample e-commerce application, is explained and developed as an example in Chapter 14. An accompanying CD-ROM includes all software and code needed to implement the sample application in your own environment.

After reading this book, Java developers will possess the skills and knowledge required to develop scalable and robust applications on the WebLogic platform. This book is targeted at programmers who know basic Java on at least an intermediate level and would like to learn WebLogic Server. We assume that readers know about standard Java programming concepts such as exceptions and threads. However, we do not assume that readers know much about J2EE or application servers.

Brief Overview of the Book

J2EE Applications and BEA WebLogic Server contains both a descriptive narrative and examples for each major J2EE API, and a sample application that concludes the book. Using a step-by-step approach, the book introduces each major J2EE API and uses it to build a component of the WebAuction application, which supports an online auction site.

Building the WebAuction application gives users the opportunity to explore significant areas of building a distributed Enterprise Java application, including:

  • Overview of J2EE technologies (Chapter 2)
  • Building presentation logic with servlets or Java Server Pages (JSPs); (Chapters 3 and 4)
  • Establishing database connectivity and using transactions (Chapter 5)
  • Using Remote Method Invocation, and the Naming and Directory Interface (Chapter 6)
  • Using a message-oriented middleware layer to coordinate all the components and operations in your multi-tier, distributed WebAuction application (Chapter 7)
  • Creating Enterprise Java Beans (Chapters 8-10)
  • Integrating Internet mail (Chapter 11)
  • Adding security (Chapter 12)
  • Designing a distributed deployment (Chapter 13)
  • Building and deploying the completed application (Chapter 14)
  • Performing a capacity-planning exercise to assess the performance of the deployed application (Chapter 15)

Chapter 1 presents a detailed overview of the book, with a roadmap and chapter summaries. Chapter 1 also lists system requirements and conventions. Chapter 2 surveys the J2EE technologies that are described in depth, with examples, in Chapters 3-12.

About the Authors

Michael Girdley is the Senior Product Manager for the BEA WebLogic Server, a role in which he acts as marketing liaison to over 200 engineers. An experienced application developer in Java, HTML, C, and C++, Michael is a co-author of Web Programming with Java (Sams-net Publishing, 1996) and Java Unleashed, Second Edition (Sams-net Publishing, 1997). Michael holds a bachelor's degree in computer science with honors from Lafayette College.

Rob Woollen is a Senior Software Engineer at BEA Systems. He is currently the lead developer for the WebLogic Server EJB Container. Before joining BEA, Rob worked on UNIX kernel networking for Hewlett-Packard. Rob holds a bachelor's degree in computer science from Princeton University.

Sandra L. Emerson is a technical writer and consultant with 20 years' experience in the software industry. She is a co-author of four computer trade books: The Business Guide to the UNIX System (Addison-Wesley); Database for the IBM PC (Addison-Wesley); Troff Typesetting for UNIX Systems (Prentice Hall PTR); and The Practical SQL Handbook (Addison-Wesley, Fourth Edition, 2001).

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J2EE Applications and BEA WebLogic Servers 2.8 out of 5 based on 0 ratings. 5 reviews.
Guest More than 1 year ago
The book is supposed to be a hands on experience of Weblogic and the use of J2EE applications. However it simply does not touch on more than half of the technologies that make up J2EE. The code examples are very poor and therefore the book does not even serve as a how-to. The educational level of the book is very poor. As a lognstanding user of weblogic and J2EE architect I hoped to get more insights into wls´s internals but it hardly passes the surface. The internal webligic documentation (HTML & pdf) are much more interesting reading, even for a beginner.
Guest More than 1 year ago
I'm not new to J2EE, but I wanted a helpful, hands-on tour of BEA WebLogic. What I got was a book full of typos and examples that were confusing and poorly reviewed. The book would cite one best practice, violate the practice in the example, or present example code that didn't work, or worse, patently different from what was on the CD.

Additionally, while Windows holds the personal computer desktop, the single most deployed BEA WebLogic platform in a commercial environment is UNIX. Yet an evaluation installer for UNIX is not provided.

I can only hope that if a second edition is published, the authors will be a little more diligent in the editing room.

Guest More than 1 year ago
I'm a J2EE developer that has moderate experience with JSPs and Servlets, but not so much with EJBs and other advanced topics like RMI, etc. This book talks about the real-world implications of all these tools a J2EE programmer can use. It's occasionally light on the details of deployment, but you should be able to reference the BEA documentation for those details. This book is good because it tells you why you should be using something, or not, and how to do it, or avoid it. This is the book to get if you've done a J2EE app or two before, but were not too comfortable with all of it, or thought it could have been designed better, but had no one to tell you how to do it right. It's a great mentor.
Guest More than 1 year ago
The book seemed informative, and in chapter 4 presented what appeared to be a great, step-by-step example of deploying a JSP/JavaBean application. Unfortunately when the book got to the last, most important step, deployment, instead of continuing to work through the steps, the authors direct the reader to take code off the CD and run the application that way. Didn¿t make any sense to me, would it not make more sense, sicne this is supposed to be a hands-on BEA book, to take the reader through every step required to create the files needed to deploy the application on the server? Since deployment was the kind of information I was really after, and I had to go digging through the Weblogic files to find it, I went and got my $49 back¿
Guest More than 1 year ago
This book provides an in-depth review of utilizing J2EE with BEA Web Logic 6. It provides a very comprehensive look at deploying Java enterprise applications including session beans, entity beans, java messenging, server clustering, JNDI, and JDBC. The book provides straight-foward code examples for every chapter. The last chapter is devoted to deploying a complete auction application. The book is very useful for anyone wanting to get hands on experience with BEA Weblogic 6 server.