Written with poetic rhythm, a prophetic voice, and a deeply biblical foundation, this loving yet fearless book urges today’s church to move beyond man-made restrictions and fully welcome women’s diverse voices and experiences.
A freedom song for the church.
Sarah Bessey didn’t ask for Jesus to come in and mess up all her ideas about a woman’s place in the world and in the church. But patriarchy, she came to learn, was not God’s dream for humanity.
Bessey engages critically with Scripture in this gentle and provocative love letter to the Church. Written with poetic rhythm, a prophetic voice, and a deeply biblical foundation, this loving yet fearless book urges today’s church to move beyond man-made restrictions and fully welcome women’s diverse voices and experiences.
It’s at once a call to find freedom in the fullness, hope, glory, and work of Christ, and a very personal and moving story of how Jesus made a feminist out of her.
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About the Author
Sarah Bessey is the author of the popular and critically acclaimed books, Out of Sorts: Making Peace with an Evolving Faith and Jesus Feminist. She is a sought-after speaker at churches, conferences, and universities all around the world. Sarah is also the co-curator and co-host of the annual Evolving Faith Conference and she serves as President of the Board for Heartline Ministries in Haiti. Sarah lives in Abbotsford, British Columbia with her husband and their four children.
Read an Excerpt
Jesus made a feminist out of me.
I can’t make apologies for it, even though I know that Jesus plus feminist might be the one label that could alienate almost everyone. I understand that—I do.
I know feminism carries a lot of baggage, particularly within the evangelical church. There are the stereotypes: shrill killjoys, man-haters, and rabid abortion-pushers, extreme lesbians, terrifying some of us on cable news programs, deriding motherhood and homemaking. Feminism has been blamed for the breakdown of the nuclear family, day care, physical and sexual abuse, hurricanes, the downfall of “real manhood,” the decline of the Christian Church in Western society, and spectacularly bad television. Most of what has passed for a description of feminism is fearmongering misinformation.
In some circles, using the word feminist is the equivalent of an f-bomb dropped in church—outrageous, offensive. It’s likely some people saw this book sitting on the shelf and figured they knew what sort of author was behind the words written here: a bitter man-hater arguing that men and women had no discernable differences, a ferocious and humorless woman, perhaps, and so it’s no wonder they reacted at the sight of Jesus alongside feminist like someone had raked long fingernails across a chalkboard. Who could blame them with the lines we’ve been fed about feminists for so long?
It’s a risk to use the word feminism here in this book—I know. But it’s a risk I’d like you to take with me. Me? I like the word feminist, even if it worries people or causes a bit of pearl clutching. The word feminist does not frighten or offend me: in fact, I’d like to see the Church (re)claim it.
Some people think the concept of a Christian feminist is a misnomer, an embarrassing and misguided capitulation to our secular culture. It might surprise antifeminists and anti-Christians equally to know that feminism’s roots are tangled up with the strong Christian women’s commitments to the temperance movement, suffragist movements, and in America and England in particular, the abolitionist movements of the nineteenth century.1 There is a rich tradition of pro-life feminism, which continues today.2 Christian feminism predates the works of second- and third-wave secular feminist writers, such as Betty Friedan, Simone de Beauvoir, Gloria Steinem, Rebecca Walker, and Naomi Wolf. Feminism is complicated and it varies for each person, much like Christianity. It’s not necessary to subscribe to all the diverse—and contrary—opinions within feminism to call oneself a feminist.
Feminism gained popularity as a result of “secular” work and scholarship, but the line between sacred and secular is man-made. Because God is the source of truth, Christians can still give thanks to God for the good works associated with feminism, such as the gaining of status for women as “persons” under the law, voting, owning property, and defending themselves in a court of law against domestic violence and rape. As Canadian theologian Dr. John G. Stackhouse Jr. says, “Christian feminists can celebrate any sort of feminism that brings more justice and human flourishing to the world, no matter who is bringing it, since we recognize the hand of God in all that is good.”3 Modern Christian feminism is alive and well, from social justice movements to seminaries and churches to suburban living rooms, worldwide.
At the core, feminism simply consists of the radical notion that women are people, too. Feminism only means we champion the dignity, rights, responsibilities, and glories of women as equal in importance—not greater than, but certainly not less than—to those of men, and we refuse discrimination against women.4
Several years ago, when I began to refer to myself as a feminist, a few Christians raised their eyebrows and asked, “What kind of feminist exactly?” Off the top of my head, I laughed and said, “Oh, a Jesus feminist!” It stuck, in a cheeky sort of way, and now I call myself a Jesus feminist because to me, the qualifier means I am a feminist precisely because of my lifelong commitment to Jesus and his Way.
PATRIARCHY IS NOT God’s dream for humanity.
I’ll say that again, louder, and I’ll stand up beside our small bonfire and shout it out loud. I’ll scare the starfish and the powerful alike: patriarchy is not God’s dream for humanity. It never was; it never will be.
Instead, in Christ, and because of Christ, we are invited to participate in the Kingdom of God through redemptive movement—for both men and women—toward equality and freedom. We can choose to move with God, further into justice and wholeness, or we can choose to prop up the world’s dead systems, baptizing injustice and power in sacred language. Feminism is just one way to participate in this redemptive movement.
In the context of our conversation here, two common labels used regarding the roles and voices of women in the church today, for better or for worse, are egalitarian and complementarian.
In general, according to theologian Carolyn Custis James, egalitarians “believe that leadership is not determined by gender but by the gifting and calling of the Holy Spirit, and that God calls all believers to submit to one another.” In contrast, complementarians “believe the Bible establishes male authority over women, making male leadership the biblical standard.”5
Both sides can treat the Bible like a weapon. On both sides, there are extremists and dogmatists. We attempt to outdo each other with proof texts and apologetics, and I’ve heard it said that there is no more hateful person than a Christian who thinks you’ve got your theology wrong. In our hunger to be right, we memorize arguments, ready to spit them out at a moment’s notice. Sadly, we reduce each other, brothers and sisters, to straw men arguments, and brand each other “enemies of the gospel.”
I know some people like to poke holes in each other’s arguments, pointing out inconsistencies and trading jabs of verses and scholars and church history like scrappy boxers. Some do this well, with kind skill and mutual respect, and it’s a joy to behold as they learn from each other. Others seem a bit more like mud wrestlers, hanging out on blogs or Facebook comment sections, at boardroom tables or in classrooms, at coffee shops or Christian bookstore shelves, with a lot of outrage—all in an effort to figure out how the other guy is wrong; it’s theology as a fight-to-the-death competition.
And all God’s people said, ”That’s exhausting.”
So could we agree on one quick thing before I keep going? I think the family of God is big and diverse, beautiful and global. So these dogmatic labels, while sometimes useful for discussion in books and classes, aren’t always the right boundaries for a life or a relationship. Most of us live somewhere in the in-between.
Let’s agree, for just a little while anyway, that both sides are probably wrong and right in some ways. I’m probably wrong, you’re probably wrong, and the opposite is true, because we still see through a glass, darkly.6 I want to approach the mysteries of God and the unique experiences of humanity with wonder and humility and a listener’s heart.
I have tried to stop caring about the big dustups between complementarians and egalitarians. I’m pretty sure my purpose here on earth isn’t to win arguments or perform hermeneutical gymnastics to impress the wealthiest 2 percent of the world. I don’t think God is glorified by tightly crafted arguments wielded as weaponry. Besides, I highly doubt this one slim book by a happy-clappy starry-eyed Jesus-loving Canadian mama will put any of this debate to bed when so many scholars and smarter-than-me people continue to debate and argue. That’s not what I’m after.
After years of reading the Gospels and the full canon of Scripture, here is, very simply, what I learned about Jesus and the ladies: he loves us.
He loves us. On our own terms. He treats us as equals to the men around him; he listens; he does not belittle; he honors us; he challenges us; he teaches us; he includes us—calls us all beloved. Gloriously, this flies in the face of the cultural expectations of his time—and even our own time. Scholar David Joel Hamilton calls Jesus’ words and actions toward women “controversial, provocative, even revolutionary.”7
Jesus loves us.
In a time when women were almost silent or invisible in literature, Scripture affirms and celebrates women. Women were a part of Jesus’ teaching, part of his life. Women were there for all of it.
Mary, the mother of God, was a teenage girl in an occupied land when she became pregnant with the Prince of Peace, and as Rachel Held Evans points out, Scripture emphasizes that her worthiness is in her obedience “not to a man, not to a culture, not even to a cause or a religion, but to the creative work of a God who lifts up the humble and fills the hungry with good things.”8
Even Mary’s Magnificat is surprisingly subversive and bold, isn’t it? 9 In the face of evidence to the contrary, she sings how she is blessed, how God lifts up the lowly, filling the hungry with good things and sending the rich away empty.
Throughout the records of the Gospels, I saw how Jesus didn’t treat women any differently than men, and I liked that. We weren’t too precious for words, dainty like fine china. We received no free pass or delicate worries about our ability to understand or contribute or work. Women were not too sweet or weak for the conviction of the Holy Spirit, or too manipulative and prone to jealousy, insecurity, and deception to push back the kingdom of darkness. Jesus did not patronize, and he did not condescend.
Just like men, women need redemption. We all need the Cross of Jesus Christ, and we all need to follow him in the Way of life everlasting. In the words and actions of Christ as recorded in Scripture, we see what “neither male nor female, Jew nor Greek, slave nor free” looks like in real, walking-around life.10
During his time on earth, Jesus subverted the social norms dictating how a rabbi spoke to women, to the rich, the powerful, the housewife, the mother-in-law, the despised, the prostitute, the adulteress, the mentally ill and demon possessed, the poor. He spoke to women directly, instead of through their male-headship standards and contrary to the order of the day (and even of some religious sects today).
No, it was just him, incarnation of three-in-one on one. Women were not excluded or exempted from the community of God. Women stood before God on their own soul’s feet, and he called us, gathered us, as his own.
When they threw the woman caught in adultery down into the dust at Jesus’ feet and tried to use her shame to trap him, he leveled the playing field for both sin and marriage. There aren’t too many of us women who don’t imagine ourselves there, exposed, used, defiant or broken—sometimes both—and humiliated. And he, bless his name, restored, forgave, protected, drew a shield of grace around her with his dusty fingertip; and her accusers vanished. “Go,” he said, “and sin no more.”11
When the woman with the issue of blood reached out to touch the hem of his garment, Jesus did not respond with frustration. No, he touched her in return, praised her faith, set her free without recoiling.”12
When Jesus healed the woman who was bent over, he did it in the synagogue, in full view. He called her “daughter of Abraham,” which likely sent a shock wave through the room; it was the first time the phrase had ever been spoken.13 People had only ever heard of “sons of Abraham”—never daughters. But at the sound of Jesus’ words daughter of Abraham, he gave her a place to stand alongside the sons, especially the ones snarling with their sense of ownership and exclusivity over it all, watching. In him, you are part of the family; you always were part of the family.14
When Mary of Bethany sat at his feet, she was in the posture of a rabbinical pupil. Men and women rarely sat together, let alone for religious training, but there she was among them, at his feet. She was formally learning from him, the way the sons of Abraham had always sat—the daughters never had that spot. Even after Martha tried to remind her of her duties and responsibilities to their guests, Jesus defended her right to learn as his disciple; he honored her choice as the better one and said, “It will not be taken away from her.”15
When Mary, the sister of Lazarus, reproached Jesus after her brother’s death, he wept. In fact, he privately taught her one of the central tenets of our faith—the same thing he taught Peter: “I am the resurrection and the life”; this is the rock upon which he builds his church.16 Martha received this teaching, too; she believed him, and where would we be if she hadn’t shared what she heard from the lips of her beloved friend and Savior? 17
When the Samaritan woman at the well met Jesus, he treated her like any other thirsty soul needing the living water.18 She was leading a life that likely generated the hiss of shame and eyes of judgment. She was among the least valued and most dishonored of her day. Yet Jesus engaged her in serious theological discussion; in fact, hers is the longest personal conversation with Jesus ever recorded in Scripture. It was also the first time that the words “I am the Messiah” were spoken from his lips, and she became an evangelist. She told her story. She told of Jesus, and many were saved. When the disciples expressed their surprise at this turn, Jesus was matter-of-fact: this is simply the way of things.
When Jesus finished teaching in a synagogue one day, a woman called out from the audience, “God bless your mother—the womb from which you came, and the breasts that nursed you!” Yet Jesus replied to this common blessing with “But even more blessed are all who hear the word of God and put it into practice.”19 Women aren’t simply or only blessed by giving birth to greatness; no, we are all blessed when we hear the Word of God—Jesus—and put it into practice. We don’t rely on secondhand blessings in Jesus.
We also see seven women in the Gospels described with the Greek verb diakoneo, which means to minister or to serve. It’s “the same one used to describe the ministry of the seven men appointed to leadership in the early church.”20 These women were Peter’s mother-in-law; Mary Magdalene; Mary, the mother of Jesus and Joseph; Salome, the mother of Zebedee’s sons; Joanna, the wife of Chuza; Susanna; and Martha, the sister of Mary and Lazarus.21
Even though the word of a woman was not considered sufficient proof in court, Mary Magdalene was the first witness of the resurrected Christ and the first preacher of the Resurrection. Jesus commanded her to go tell his brothers, the disciples, that he was returning to “my Father and your Father, to my God and your God.” Before the male disciples even knew he was breathing, Jesus sent a woman to proclaim the good news: he is risen!22 The last shall be first, again, always.
The women of the gospel narrative ministered to Jesus, and they ministered with him. The lack of women among the twelve disciples isn’t prescriptive or a precedent for exclusion of women any more than the choice of twelve Jewish men excludes Gentile men from leadership.
We can miss the crazy beauty of it because of the lack of fanfare in Scripture. Women were simply there, part of the revolution of love, sometimes unnamed, sometimes in the background, sometimes the receiver, sometimes the giver—just like every other man in Scripture, to be engaged on their own merit in the midst of their own story.
Jesus thinks women are people, too.
Table of Contents
Let Us Be Women Who Love xvii
Introduction: A Bonfire on the Shore 1
Chapter 1 Jesus Made a Feminist Out of Me 11
Chapter 2 A Redemptive Movement 25
Chapter 3 Tangled-Up Roots 33
Chapter 4 The Silent(?) Women of Paul 55
Chapter 5 Dancing Warriors 71
Chapter 6 Patron Saints, Spiritual Midwives, and "Biblical" Womanhood 87
Chapter 7 A Narrative Reborn 105
Chapter 8 Reclaiming the Church Ladies 123
Chapter 9 Moving Mountains One Stone at a Time 139
Chapter 10 Kingdom Come 159
Chapter 11 Intimate Insurgency 177
Chapter 12 The Commissioning 191
A Few Notes 199
Thank You 203
Discussion Questions 207
Further Reading 213
Most Helpful Customer Reviews
I'm from the "original" feminist generation and struggled through that whole era. Since those years I have changed my thinking on being a feminist. Before I would have said, "No Way!!!" But now I'll say "YES :)" Sarah Bessey presents feminism from a perspective that needs to be shouted. Women in the church have for too long withdrawn themselves to a role that's been designated to them by man. God has given women gifts beyond what they can even imagine. The world is slowly recognizing this and women are coming to the table of the corporate world. The church is next and Sarah is leading the way.
Regardless of your theology or gender, Jesus Feminist is a must read. Sarah continuously pointed me towards the Gospel in this book and desiring to want the things that Jesus wants whether it be regarding gender roles or justice in general.
This book is filled with the words my heart never knew how to say. Refreshing. Life-giving. Empowering.
Sarah Bessey is a blogger a Canadian and an editor for A Deeper Story and a monthly contributor for She Loves Magazine. Sarah writes about her faith and spirituality, she writes about being a Mom, theology, women's issues, social justice, politics "pretty much everything else that you are not supposed to discuss in polite company." Her new book is called Jesus Feminist, an invitation to revisit the bible's view of women. And I gather that Sarah wanted a bold shocking title - that sells books, but I think for many the word "feminist" or "feminism" for that matter strikes a chord. It almost seems like a negative word doesn't it? Or a dirty word? Was Jesus a feminist? Well, what is feminism? Quist simple it's the advocacy of women's rights on the grounds of political, social, and economic equality to men. Basically it's the idea that men and women are equals in every facet of life..... except childbirth. So the next question would be, does the Bible (or Jesus himself) support that view? It's a heated debate - with people on both sides who will tell you what the Bible "really means" (despite what it really "says"). And although I hate to compare Sarah's book to another book, I kinda want to. Scot McKnight wrote a book called "The Blue Parakeet" and the layout of Sarah's book is rather similar. The first half of Sarah's book explains some of the key passages that have held women back and looks at a global picture of how women were viewed in the scriptures. The second half of Sarah's book is then filled with application and story - Sarah talks about what being a women of the church should look like and she weaves a beautiful narrative. (McKnight's book has the same format) But here is where the two books stand apart. McKnight is a man and he writes his book "like a man." McKnight is analytical, he's detached and he presents a wonderful argument. And as you would expect, Sarah writes "like a woman." She's passionate, she cares, she's a story teller and she brings the reader in. And maybe, from the title, you'd expect Sarah's voice to be stern and direct and perhaps militant, but she isn't the over bearing stereotype of a feminist that you're thinking of. And here's the thing and I think Sarah would agree with me... I can say Sarah writes "like a woman" and that doesn't "detract" from her story - it doesn't "lessen" her story. Feminism is not about men and women being "the same." It's about men and women being equal. Men and women ARE different. We have different roles, God made us differently and He gives us each distinct emotions, abilities and strengths. But those differences are celebrated and they make us complimentary to the other. Why did God make Eve? Because Adam needed her (Gen 2:20-21). So I need Sarah's book AND McKnight's book on my bookshelf. I need History and I need Herstory. Wonderful book, great story teller - well recommended. Thank you to Howard books for the free copy in exchange for my fair and honest review.
Sarah Bessey invites readers into a conversation on feminism and questioning of Christian feminist beliefs. Christianity and feminism seem to be polar opposites in the eyes of the church, yet Bessey weaves them together in a beautiful way that not only provides context to her beliefs but asks us to look inside ourselves. If you are looking for a conversational book that does not force feminism down your throat but asks you to consider Jesus feminism, then this book will be a positive experience. Bessey engages readers with personal stories from daily life and church events to help readers put feminism into context. The only reason i give this book 4 stars instead of 5 is I wanted a little more access to the scholarly evidence she provides. I found that helpful in many chapters but I wanted more. I don't think this takes away from the novel at all. I still highly recommend reading it. Completely worth your time and money. It is a great book to launch Christian readers into Jesus Feminism. The book is truly an invitation, great read.
Admittedly, I started reading this book with some preconceived notions about what its content might hold. Surprisingly, Sarah Bessey delivered a book I didn’t expect. What I thought would be a hardcore attack on men with a slant towards extreme feminism turned out to be a thoughtful conversation about encouraging women in their faith for the betterment of the world and church as a whole. I didn’t expect her personal stories to be mixed so much throughout, but I loved the perspective and authenticity it provided to the conversation. The book in a couple sentences: Jesus Feminist is best described as a thought-provoking conversation about the role of women in our greater faith communities. Bessey doesn’t avoid the uncomfortable, hard questions about how women are treated in the church or what their roles should be, but she also doesn’t seek to cause unnecessary dissension. Her mission is for each woman to evaluate her role and what God desires to use her for. What I liked most: The book is encouraging throughout. Readers will feel equally challenged and encouraged as they work through the chapters. While they find sections that rouse their emotions and leave them impassioned, they will find additional sections asking to consider areas where they can grow. This was certainly not what I expected and I was pleasantly surprised. Although we might differ in a few areas, through her book Bessey seems like someone I’d love to sit and talk with more. I want to hear more of her thoughts to spur me on even more. I might change: Scriptural references and stories are interwoven throughout. I would actually appreciate greater quantity and more in-depth evaluation of biblical references. A quote to remember: “Am I moving with God to rescue, restore, and redeem humanity? Or am I clinging fast, eyeteeth clenched, to an imperfect world’s habits and cultural customs, in full knowledge of injustice or imperfections, living at odds with God’s dream for his daughters and sons?”
“Jesus feminist”? The title struck me as a bit awkward. I think most people would’ve said “Christian feminist” or “feminist Christian,” even if they thought it was a bit of an oxymoron. But my curiosity was piqued, so I bought a copy. A few pages in, and I realized that I had expected something different. For those of you not familiar with blogger Sarah Bessey, she’s known in the more “egalitarian” circles when it comes to discussing the roles of women in the Christian church. Her book title, Jesus Feminist: An Invitation to Revisit the Bible’s View of Women – Exploring God’s Radical Notion That Women Are People, Too (Howard Books, 2013), suggested to me an in-depth study of various arguments and biblical passages, concluding with a defense of female preachers and church leaders in today’s churches. That’s not what it turned out to be, and there are both “pros” and “cons” to that. Bessey starts out painting a very familiar scene: Christians, on all sides, emotionally and spiritually wounded from the perpetual war over gender roles, marriage, and the family. The result is defensiveness – proof-texting, cynicism, name-calling, and “consigning-to-hell” – where there should be love, kindness, and a genuine concern for those suffering around us. She seems to be calling us, at least for now, to admit that no of us has all the answers and that we have to allow each other times to grow and mature in our understanding. We need to “agree to disagree,” so to speak, and take the opportunity to get some real godly work done. There are orphans, AIDS patients, and sex trafficking victims who need our help, while nothing is gained for the kingdom by attacking our fellow believers with the same old tiresome arguments. The solution? Christian women (regardless of their views on women’s roles) have a great opportunity before them. Enough with the sentimentalizing of marriage and motherhood that leaves no place for the singles and childless. Women have more to offer than the crafting, fashion shows, and fill-in-the-blank workbooks that masquerade as Bible studies and women’s ministries. Instead we can make a profound impact, rolling up our sleeves and serving our communities in the ways God wants us to. That was my big positive takeaway from the book. To be honest, I’m not sure that was exactly what she had in mind. If you think the expanded title sounds a bit like rambling, then I’d say that it accurately reflects the book’s content. Bessey writes in a billowy style that might be more suitable for blogging than a book, which needs a more concise approach. This also crosses over in the book’s content, which was more messy than focused. While she effectively calls for a truce in the introduction, she tries to resurrect the debate in later chapters, tackling biblical passages instructing women to be silent in the church and to submit to their husbands. And in doing so, she gives the same weak, tiresome arguments we’re all familiar with. In addition, she seems to flop back and forth on her positions, so it’s not clear where she stands on the present state of women’s ministries, the lauding of motherhood in the church, and the effectiveness of women (or men for that matter) in preaching positions. I was left with the impression that she still needed to give herself some time to make up her own mind on these issues before writing about them for others. I also need to call out Bessey on being needlessly divisive. She sets up a “straw man argument” insisting that “women are people, too.” This entirely misrepresents her opposition. While I have come across some who insist that women are to be owned and treated like animals, they certainly aren’t the majority of those who adhere to rigid gender roles (and often tend not to even identify as “Christian” anyway). Associating Christians who disagree with her with that view is understandably a major turn off to some readers who might otherwise take heart to her other points. In the end, Jesus Feminist will more than likely discourage any fruitful discussion among the various sides. This I think was the biggest disappointment. If another book is forthcoming, I hope the author puts more effort into building bridges than roadblocks.
This write took a lot of liberties with the life of Jesus and although the Bible may lead us to believe this is the way it was I'm not so sure. If it doesn't say it in the book I don't believe it and it certainly isn't in the book.
With love, intelligence, warmth, and hope, Sarah Bessey uses competent research and her own intriguing personal story to offer a refreshing and enlightening perspective on a topic that too often is neglected: the role of women in the kingdom of God. Never bitter, always interesting, Bessey makes her case not as a stereotypical angry feminist but as a woman enraptured by Christ and desirous that all people be valued as Christ values them - regardless of gender.
Loved it. I want to recommend it to everyone I know. I even have some men in mind that I think would do well with reading this book. I felt connected to her, Sarah, and all women while reading it. Lovely...
It's always an honor to read a book written by a friend and Sarah Bessey's Jesus Feminist is no exception. Regular readers of her blog may be surprised the initial chapters have less of her lyrical prose but rest assured her prophetic voice grows stronger with each page. I wanted to clap and cheer after reading the last chapter- after wiping away tears, that is. Jesus Feminist bridges the gap between all of us, men and women, married and single, young and old, conservative and liberal, and so on. No matter how you define feminism, Bessey offers another look at the Bible's view of women and invites us to have a better discussion. Jesus Feminist is a game-changer in ways big and small. I'm so proud of my friend and the ways God is using her voice.
Jesus Feminist is everything it sounds like and nothing you're afraid it will be. Bessey's words are kind and strong in their surety that the patriarchy limiting women in the Church is not in keeping with the fullness of community we're called to in the Kingdom of God. Her voice is empowering as it calls all readers to take another hard yet compassionate look at the role of women in the Bible, in the Church, and in the active community of God around us. A brave and wonderfully written book!
The Silent Meeting is The far left of dissenters with no ministers music rites rituals altar etc just prayer and meditation. For excitement we protest the war armies draft and defense spending on guns bombs and all murder and killing in the name of being patriotic. woman have equal say as Elders and Clerks and speaking at meeting of worshop as well as meeting for business long before we got the vote.