Jewish Entrepreneurship in Salonica, 1912-1940: An Ethnic Economy in Transition

Jewish Entrepreneurship in Salonica, 1912-1940: An Ethnic Economy in Transition

by Orly C. Meron


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Jewish Entrepreneurship in Salonica, 1912-1940: An Ethnic Economy in Transition by Orly C. Meron

Now available in paperback, this book provides a multidisciplinary exploration of Salonica's Jewish-owned economy between the years 1912-1940, a period prior to and during Greece's national consolidation. Based on original and newly analyzed archival materials, the book presents the results of a comprehensive, comparative, and inter-ethnic study of Jewish entrepreneurial patterns for three distinct historical periods and two levels of analysis. The first historical period pertains to the multi-ethnic business world of Greek Macedonia (1912-1922) after its incorporation into the Greek nation-state. The second refers to the era of minority-majority relations (1923-1930) following radical modification of Salonica's demographic composition, a process that culminated in the ethnic unification of its business world. The final period includes a sectoral analysis of Jewish entrepreneurial patterns as they developed in response to the local and global economic crisis that raged during the 1930s. The macro analysis combines a comparative static overview of Salonica's Jewish versus Greek business behavior, together with a dynamic comparative analysis focusing on transitions in Jewish entrepreneurial patterns. The micro analysis delves into features of Salonica's Jewish business elite: class resources, family and ethnic networks, business strategies, and organizational structures. Jewish Entrepreneurship in Salonica, 1912-1940 contributes new theoretical insights to the study of ethnic groups in changing environments by applying the ethnic economy approach while crossing the disciplinary boundaries between history, economics, sociology, and their related fields. This study opens a revealing window to the economic and demographic history of the Jewish community of Salonica - the "Jerusalem of the Balkans" - home to the largest concentration of Sephardic Jews before the Holocaust.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781845195793
Publisher: Sussex Academic Press
Publication date: 03/01/2013
Edition description: Reprint
Pages: 434
Product dimensions: 6.70(w) x 9.60(h) x 1.00(d)

About the Author

Orly C. Meron is a Senior Lecturer in the Jewish History Department and the Interdisciplinary Department for Social Sciences at the Bar-Ilan University, Israel. Her current interests include ethnic economies of recent migrants as well as permanent minorities and specifically the economic history of Jewish Sephardic communities before World War II.

Table of Contents

List of Tables, Figures and Maps vi

List of Illustrations viii

Acknowledgements ix

Explanatory Notes xi

Introduction 1

Part 1 The Rise of a Jewish Economy in Ottoman Salonica, 1881-1912 7

1 Theoretical Framework 9

2 The Jewish Economy on the Eve of the Greek Annexation, 1881-1912 16

Part 2 From European Semi-Colonialism in Multi-National Ottoman Macedonia to Greek Nation-Statehood, 1912-1929 33

3 New Conditions for Jewish Entrepreneurship 35

4 Jewish Entrepreneurship after the Incorporation of Salonica, 1912-1922 50

5 Macro-Level Reconstructing the Jewish-Owned Economy, 1923-1929 69

Part 3 Jewish Entrepreneurial Response and the Jewish Economy during the 1930s 97

6 New Externalities and Impoverished Jewish Collective Resources, 1930-1938 99

7 Confronting the Economic Crisis, 1930-1933 115

8 Recovery and Survival within the Consolidating Greek Autarky, 1934-1937 134

9 Jewish Entrepreneurial Patterns and the Jewish Economy 172

10 Epilogue 207

Appendices 217

Notes 298

Bibliography 364

Index 393

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