Jewish Pasts, German Fictions is the first comprehensive study of how German-Jewish writers used images from the Spanish-Jewish past to define their place in German culture and society. Jonathan Skolnik argues that Jewish historical fiction was a form of cultural memory that functioned as a parallel to the modern, demythologizing project of secular Jewish history writing.
What did it imply for a minority to imagine its history in the majority language? Skolnik makes the case that the answer lies in the creation of a German-Jewish minority culture in which historical fiction played a central role. After Hitler's rise to power in 1933, Jewish writers and artists, both in Nazi Germany and in exile, employed images from the Sephardic past to grapple with the nature of fascism, the predicament of exile, and the destruction of European Jewry in the Holocaust. The book goes on to show that this past not only helped Jews to make sense of the nonsense, but served also as a window into the hopes for integration and fears about assimilation that preoccupied German-Jewish writers throughout most of the nineteenth century. Ultimately, Skolnik positions the Jewish embrace of German culture not as an act of assimilation but rather a reinvention of Jewish identity and historical memory.
About the Author
Jonathan Skolnik is Associate Professor of German at the University of Massachusetts Amherst, where he is also on the faculty in Judaic and Near Eastern Studies and in History.
Table of Contents
A Chronology of German-Jewish Historical Fiction xiii
Introduction: Jewish Cultural Memory and the German Historical Novel 1
1 Jewish History Under the Sign of Secularization: Berthold Auerbach's Spinoza (1837) 23
2 "Who learns history from Heine?" Wissenschaft des Judentums and Heinrich Heine's Der Rabbi von Bacherach (1840) 45
3 Minority Culture in the Age of the Nation: Jewish Historical Fiction in Nineteenth-Century Germany 67
Phöbus Philippson's Die Marannen (1837)
Hermann Reckendorf's Die Geheimnisse der Juden (1856-57)
Ludwig Philippson's Jakob Tirado (1867)
Markus Lehmann's Die Familie y Aguilar (1873)
Alfred Nossig's Abarbanel: Das Drama eines Volkes (1906)
4 German Modernism and Jewish Memory: Else Lasker-Schüler's Der Wunderrabbiner von Barcelona (1921) 105
5 "Where books are burned …": Jewish Memories of Inquisition and Expulsion in Nazi Germany and in Exile 147
Hermann Sinsheimer's Maria Nunnez (1934)
Hermann Kesten's Ferdinand und Isabella (1936)
Ernst Sommer's Botschaft aus Granada (1937)
Epilogue: Post-Holocaust Echoes 177