In Jews and Christian in Denmark: From the Middle Ages to Recent Times, ca. 1100-1948, Martin Schwarz Lausten investigates how the Church and society followed the European anti-judaistic tradition using insults, adversities and attempted conversions during Catholic times from around 1100 and Protestant times starting around 1536. In spite of the tolerant policies of integration initiated by the government beginning in the 1800's, anti-Semitic movements arose among priests, professors and local authorities. However, during the German occupation (1940-1945) priests and many others assisted the 7,000 Danish Jews in their escape to Sweden. Based on Jewish and Christina sources, Jewish reactions to life in Denmark are also examined.
About the Author
Martin Schwarz Lausten, Dr. Theol., University of Copenhagen is Professor Emeritus of Church History there. He has written 27 books on church history, among them, A Church History of Denmark, Ashgate (2002), and has focused on the Lutheran Reformation and relations between Jews and Christians.
Table of Contents
List of Illustrations
1. JEWS IN LITERATURE AND ART OF THE CHURCH: THE CATHOLIC MIDDLE AGES
2. MARTIN LUTHER’S ANTIPATHY TOWARD JEWS AND THE ATTITUDES OF DANISH REFORMERS: THE REFORMATION OF THE SIXTEENTH CENTURY
3. JEWISH IMMIGRANTS, FREEDOM OF RELIGION, AND THE ANGER OF THE BISHOPS: THE ORTHODOXY OF THE SEVENTEETH CENTURY
4. CONVERT OR BE LOST! CONTROVERSY AND MISSION IN THE AGE OF PIETISM (1700–1760)
5. ORDINARY DANISH CITIZENS, BUT WITH ANOTHER RELIGION: THE ‘CHRISTIAN’ AND JEWISH ENLIGHTENMENT (1760–1814)
6. AVOWALS OF CONVERTED JEWS
7. FREEDOM FOR JEWS? (1814–1849): THE INTEGRATION OF JEWS INTO SOCIETY
8. THE DANISH PEOPLE’S CHURCH AND THE JEWS (1849–ca. 1900)
9. SYMPATHY FOR JEWS AND HATRED OF JEWS IN THE DANISH PEOPLE’S CHURCH (ca. 1900–1948)
Literature and Sources