This book is intended to construct a basis for the understanding of the rites and practices associated with exorcism, or jinn eviction as it is performed within the maraboutic institution called zawiya. Jinn eviction as it occurs in the maraboutic institution reproduces ideologies and social hierarchies of traditional society through the use of a variety of healing symbols and rituals. These symbols are delved into for the benefit of understanding the perennial cultural foundations of the discourse and practice of power in Morocco. The result is an ethnography of possession that has combined meticulous ethnographic field work with critical discourse analysis.
About the Author
Mohammed Maarouf, Doctorat d' État / Ph.D. (2004) in Literature, is Professor of Literary and Cultural Studies at Chouaib Doukkali University, El Jadida, Morocco. He is a researcher in anthropology. He has conducted researches on Moroccan culture, some of which were published in the form of articles and others were presented as papers in international conferences.
Table of Contents
Chapter I: Local Histories: Sharifianism and PowerA. Historical Origins, B. The Maraboutic Institution and its Means of Survival, C. The Location of the Saint, D. The Saint’s Lineage, E. The Founding Legends, F. Royal Donations (in‘am), G. Organization, H. Shrine IncomeChapter II: The Buffi Representation of the World of Jinn A. Jinn Attributes, B. Types of Jinn, C. Self vs. Other1. Magic (siḥr), 2. The Evil Eye (l-‘ain), 3. The Female Pursuer (tab‘a), 4. Harming Jinns unknowingly (al-aghlāṭ m‘a al-jinn) Chapter III: Jinn Eviction and Other Rituals as Discourses of PowerA. The Ritual of Pilgrimage (zyara), B. The Ritual of Cursing, C. The Ritual of Jinn Eviction (ṣri‘), D. Formulas for Jinn Eviction, E. The Ritual of Call for Rain, Chapter IV: The Paradigm of Authority: the Mythic Court of JinnA. Court Design, B. Court Institution, C. Invisible Jinn Eviction, D. The Paradigm of Servitude (khidma)