This publication, "Joint and National Intelligence Support to Military Operations (Joint Publication 2-01)," provides doctrine for joint and national intelligence products, services, and support to joint military operations. It describes the organization of joint intelligence forces and the national intelligence community, intelligence responsibilities, command relationships, and national intelligence support mechanisms. It provides information regarding the fundamentals of intelligence planning, execution, dissemination, and assessment and discusses how intelligence supports the full range of joint and multinational operations. Joint intelligence is produced by joint and Service intelligence organizations and relies heavily on timely and integrated intelligence afforded by national intelligence agencies. This join t intelligence effort facilitates dominance in the information environment, which permits successful conduct of operation s (i.e., information superiority). In order to accomplish this, intelligence must provide the joint force commander (JFC) with as timely, complete, and accurate understanding as possible of the operational environment, particularly with regard to the adversary's forces, capabilities, and intentions. Intelligence staffs must anticipate and fully understand the intelligence requirements (IRs) of their superior and subordinate commands and components, identify intelligence capabilities and shortfalls, access theater and/o r national systems to alleviate shortfalls, and ensure that timely and appropriate intelligence is provided or available to the JFC and subordinate commands and components. Commanders use intelligence to anticipate the battle, visualize and understand the full spectrum of the operational environment, and influence the outcome of operations. Intelligence enables commanders at all levels to focus their combat power and to provide full dimensional force protection across the range of military operations. I n war, intelligence focuses on enemy military capabilities, centers of gravity (COGs), and potential courses of action (COAs) to provide operational and tactical commanders the information they need to plan and conduct operations. Today's operational environment requires consideration of more than military factors and the intelligence directorate of a joint staff (J-2) must be flexible in its ability to integrate nonmilitary considerations into its analysis. The J-2 must modify and tailor intelligence support to meet the unique challenges presented in each operation. This publication has been prepared under the direction of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. It sets forth doctrine to govern the joint activities and performance of the Armed Forces of the United States in joint operations and provides the doctrinal basis for interagency coordination and US military involvement in multinational operations. It provides military guidance for the exercise of authority by combatant commanders and other joint force commanders (JFCs) and prescribes doctrine for joint operations and training. It provides military guidance for use by the Armed Forces in preparing their appropriate plans.