Journeys East: 20th Century Western Encounters with Eastern Religious Traditions (Perennial Philsophy Series)

Journeys East: 20th Century Western Encounters with Eastern Religious Traditions (Perennial Philsophy Series)

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World Wisdom


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Journeys East: 20th Century Western Encounters with Eastern Religious Traditions (Perennial Philsophy Series)

Journeys East tells the story of the twentieth century's encounters between East and West by exploring the lives of many of the most fascinating scientists, intellectuals, artists, and spiritual seekers of our time.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780941532570
Publisher: World Wisdom
Publication date: 06/15/2004
Series: The Perennial Philosophy Series
Pages: 528
Product dimensions: 6.24(w) x 9.18(h) x 1.20(d)

Table of Contents

List of Illustrationsx
I.Introduction and Background
1.The Debate about "Orientalism"3
The West's Encounter with the East since Antiquity
What do we mean by "Orientalism"?
Edward Said and the Critics of Orientalism
Alternative Perspectives
The Traditionalist Outlook
2.Ex Oriente Lux: the 19th Century Background20
Romanticism and the Orient
The American Transcendentalists
Modernism and Cultural Crisis
The 1893 World's Parliament of Religions
II.Western Engagements with Eastern Traditions
3.Five Bridge-Builders between West and East37
Sister Nivedita
Rudolf Otto
Giuseppe Tucci
Gary Snyder
Huston Smith
4.Theosophy and Western Seekers in the Sub-continent, 1900-195063
Theosophy and the "White Buddhists"
Annie Besant and Krishnamurti
A Miscellany of Early Western "Converts" to Hinduism
Fictional Passages to India
Californian Proselytes and the Appeal of Vedanta
A Note on Ramakrishna and Vivekananda
Theravadin Buddhism and White Buddhists in Ochre Robes
Christmas Humphreys
5.Eranos and the Comparative Mythographers95
Myth and Depth Psychology
Carl Jung and the East
Heinrich Zimmer
Joseph Campbell
Mircea Eliade
Reflections on Jung and Eliade
6.The Western Quest for "Secret Tibet"125
A.Pathfinders and Mythologizers
Desideri, de Koros, Waddell, Taylor
B.In Search of "Secret Tibet"
Madame Blavatsky
Alexandra David-Neel
W.Y. Evans-Wentz
Heinrich Harrer
Marco Pallis
Anagarika Govinda
C.Tibet and the West in the Contemporary Era
Later Travelers and Seekers in Tibet
Counterfeit Tibetan Esotericism: the Lobsang Rampa Case
Tibet, Western Esotericism and New Age Orientalism
7.The "Floating Worlds" of China and Japan155
European Perceptions
Arthur Waley
Richard Wilhelm and Carl Jung
John Blofeld
Rene Guenon
Joseph Needham
Ernest Fennellosa and the Late 19th Century
D. T. Suzuki and Western Zen in the Inter-war Years
Europeans in Japan
A Note on Shin and Other Japanese Traditions
8.Traditionalism and the Sophia Perennis183
Rene Guenon, Tradition and Oriental Metaphysics
Ananda Coomaraswamy, Scholar and Dharma-Warrior
Frithjof Schuon and the Religio Perennis in East and West
Other Traditionalists
9.Christian Missionaries, Monks and Mystics in India215
Christian Missionaries and Monks in India
Jules Monchanin
Henri le Saux
Bede Griffiths
A Note on the Christian Ashram Movement
Thomas Merton and Eastern Spirituality
Jottings on other Christian Missionaries
A Closing Reflection on Monasticism
10.Dharma Bums: Beats, Hippies and the Counter-culture245
A.The Beats and Hippies Turn East
Jack Kerouac
The San Francisco Be-In and the "Armies of the Night"
B.To a Buddhist Beat
Allen Ginsberg on Politics, Poetics and Spirituality
Politics, Poetics and the Encounter with Eastern Spirituality
C."Pop Gurus," "New Consciousness" and Drugs
Ram Dass
Alan Watts
"New Consciousness," New Universalism?
A Note on Drugs, Mysticism and Spirituality
Closing Reflections
11.Eastern Teachings, Western Teachers, 1950-2000270
A.Hinduism/Vedanta in the West
The Ramakrishna Movement
Yogananda and the SRF
Maharishi Mahesh Yogi and TM
Ananda Marg
Western Gurus with Hindu Affiliations
Reflections on Hinduism in the West
B.Theravada Buddhism
Sangharakshita and the FWBO
The Forest Tradition
Western Vipassana Teachers
C.Tibetan Buddhism
The Diaspora and American Vajrayana
Western Vajrayana Teachers
D.Zen in the West in the Post-War Period
Japanese Masters
Western Teachers
A Note on Some Key Issues for Western Teachers and Practitioners
III.Eastern Influences on Western Thought
12.The Not-So-Close Encounters of Western Psychology and Eastern Spirituality307
A.Religion and Psychology
The Goldstein-Kornfield Disagreement
Western Psychology and Religion
A Traditionalist Perspective on Psychologism
The Traditionalist Critique of Jung
B.Eastern Spirituality and Western Psychology
Erich Fromm and Zen
Existentialism, Herman Hesse, Hubert Benoit
Hans Jacobs on Western Psychotherapy and Hindu Sadhana
Humanistic and Transpersonal Psychology: Ken Wilber and others
Mystical Experience, Meditation and Biofeedback
C.The Lessons of the East
13.Eastern Currents in Western Philosophy and Science335
A.Conditions for a Meaningful Comparative Philosophy
S.H. Nasr
The Traditionalist Perspective on Metaphysics and Philosophy
B.Existentialism and the East
C.The Bankruptcy of Modern Science
D.Eastern Influences on New Scientific Paradigms
14.Orientalism, Ideology and Engagement364
A.Orientalism, Fascism and the "Mystic East"
Zen and Japanese Nationalism and Militarism
Orientalism, Racial Theory and the Allure of Fascism
B.Gandhi's Legacy
C.Thich Nhat Hanh and Engaged Buddhism
D.The Meeting of Buddhism and Feminism
IV.Notes on Inter-religious Re-visionings
15."The Translucence of the Eternal": Towards a Cross-cultural Religious Understanding of the Natural Order393
Traditional Cosmogonies and Cosmological Principles
Maya and the Putative "World-Denial" of the East
The Sacred and Profane, and the Human Situation
The Symbolism of Natural Forms and the Cosmological Sciences
Beauty: Divine Rays
The Western Desacralization of Nature
16.Dialogue, Pluralism and the Inner Unity of Religions420
The Collision of Religions in the Contemporary World
The Western Pursuit of Inter-religious Understanding
Religious Dialogue and Spiritual Practice
The Case of Christian Zen
Jesuits in Japan
The Traditionalist Perspective on the Formal Diversity and Inner Unity of Religions
Religion, Revelation and Orthodoxy
The Exoteric and Esoteric Domains
The Limits of Religious Exclusivism
A Note on the Exposure of Esoteric Doctrines
Traditionalism, Interfaith Encounters and Comparative Religion
AppendixA Checklist of Eastern Teachers in the West450
Biographical Notes491
Index of Persons492

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