The present volume brings together papers by internationally renowned specialists in Jewish history in the Roman period. Most of them were read at a conference at Tel Aviv University in 2009 in honour of Aharon Oppenheimer. The volume focuses on a number of well-defined key topics in the history of the Jews both in Judea and in the diaspora: first of all the image of Jews among non-Jews and of non-Jews among Jews; questions of social and intellectual history, mostly those dealing with the transformation that took place as a result of the failed Jewish revolts against Rome and urgent issues in modern scholarship.Studies to be mentioned here are: the relationship and cultural differences between Palestinian and Babylonian Jews; the relationship between Jews and early Christians; the evolving image of first century Judaism as projected in the early Christian sources and modern scholarship; the role of the sages in this period, conversion to Judaism, and Jewish resistance and martyrdom under Roman rule.Many of the papers provide a new assessment of the relevant subjects in the light of changing views of social and religious history. Central to many of the papers is a focus on attitudes toward others and collective image: the Jews as seen by others; Jews looking at others and at internal groups. Another category of articles are chapters in social and intellectual history with a sensitive and controversial ideology in the background, some of them providing provocative re-assessments.
About the Author
Benjamin Isaac, Born 1945; immigrated to Israel in 1972; studied in Amsterdam, the Netherlands; currently Fred and Helen Lessing Professor of Ancient History, Tel Aviv University; member of the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, Israel Prize Laureate.Yuval Shahar, Born 1953; studied Jewish History and Jewish Philosophy at Tel Aviv University;currently Senior Lecturer in the Department of Jewish History and Head of The Multidisciplinary Program in the Humanities, Tel Aviv University.
Table of Contents
Benjamin Isaac / Yuval Shahar : Preface and Introduction The Image of Jews among Non-Jews Albert I. Baumgarten : The Outreach Campaign of the Ancient Pharisees: There is no such thing as a Free Lunch - Shaye J.D. Cohen : Dancing, Clapping, Meditating: Jewish and Christian Observance of the Sabbath in Pseudo-Ignatius The Image of Non-Jews among Jews Joshua Schwartz : How Jewish to be Jewish? Self-Identity and Jewish Christians in First Century CE Palestine - Gunter Stemberger : The birkat ha-minim and the separation of Christians and Jews - Vered Noam : Another Look at the Rabbinic Conception of Gentiles from the Perspective of Impurity Laws - Richard Kalmin : The Evil Eye in Rabbinic Literature of Late Antiquity - Peter Schafer : Jesus' Origin, Birth, and Childhood according to the Toledot Yeshu and the Talmud Social History Tessa Rajak : Reflections on Jewish Resistance and the Discourse of Martyrdom in Josephus - Martin Goodman : Titus, Berenice and Agrippa: the Last Days of the Temple in Jerusalem - Yuval Shahar : Why a quarter? The Siqariqon ruling and Roman Law - Susan Weingarten : How do you say haroset in Greek? - Jonathan J. Price : The Necropolis at Jaffa and its Relation to Beth She'arim - Youval Rotman: Captives and Redeeming Captives: the Law and the Community - Werner Eck : The Jewish Community in Cologne from Roman Times to the Early Middle Age Issues in Modern Scholarship David M. Goodblatt : The Jews in the Parthian Empire: What We Don't Know - Yoram Tsafrir : The Finds in Cave 2001-2002 and Burial at Masada - Isaiah Gafni : Will the 'Real' Rabbis Please Stand Up: On the Repackaging of the Rabbinic Model in Modern Times Index Aharon Oppenheimer's Publications