Our world is increasingly marked by climate change, environmental degradation, and conflict over precious resources such as oil, water, and land. In each case, access to valuable resources is at stake. We require a normative account of how access to the benefits and burdens natural resources provide ought to be shared. But to date we have no comprehensive account of the demands of justice when it comes to natural resources.
Justice and Natural Resources provides a systematic account of how to think about natural resources, the conflicting claims people have over them, and the implications of this account. The volume criticises the status quo in world politics, according to which resources themselves, and decisions about how to use them, are the preserve of individual states. Instead it demonstrates that justice requires a more equal sharing of the benefits and burdens that flow from the world's resources, and shared management of many of the world's resources. Along the way it addresses important real-world questions such as the following: how should access to the resources of the oceans be shared? How good are national claims to the enormous resource wealth found in Sovereign Wealth Funds? Should we stop buying natural resources from dictators? And who should pay for conservation of valuable resources such as the world's rainforests?
|Publisher:||Oxford University Press|
|Product dimensions:||5.90(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.90(d)|
About the Author
Chris Armstrong, Professor of Political Theory, University of Southampton
Chris Armstrong is Professor of Political Theory at the University of Southampton. He works in normative political theory, and in recent years principally on global justice and climate justice. He is the author of Global Distributive Justice (Cambridge University Press, 2012), and many papers in journals such as the Journal of Political Philosophy, Political Theory, Politics, Philosophy and Economics and Ethics and International Affairs.
Table of Contents
1. Resources and Rights
2. Equality and its Critics
3. The Demands of Equality
4. Rewarding Improvement
5. Accommodating Attachment
6. Against Permanent Sovereignty
7. Perfecting Sovereignty?
8. Resource Taxes
9. The Ocean's Riches
10. The Burdens of Conservation