Juvenile Delinquency / Edition 8 available in Paperback
About the Author
Clemens Bartollas, Ph.D., is Professor of Sociology at the University of Northern Iowa. He holds a B.A. from Davis and Elkins College, a B.D. from Princeton Theological Seminary, an S.T.M. from San Francisco Theological Seminary, and a Ph.D. in sociology, with a special emphasis in criminology, from The Ohio State University. Dr. Bartollas taught at Pembroke State University from 1973 to 1975, at Sangamon State University from 1975 to 1980, and at the University of Northern Iowa from 1981 to the present. He has received a number of honors at the University of Northern Iowa, including Distinguished Scholar, the Donald McKay Research Award, and the Regents’ Award for Faculty Excellence.
Dr. Bartollas, like his coauthor, is also the author of numerous articles and more than 40 books, including previous editions of Juvenile Delinquency (Prentice Hall, 2014), Juvenile Justice in America (with Stuart J. Miller; Prentice Hall, 2014), and Women and the Criminal Justice System (with Katherine Stuart van Wormer; Prentice Hall, 2014).
Frank Schmalleger, Ph.D., is Distinguished Professor Emeritus at the University of North Carolina at Pembroke. He holds an undergraduate degree from the University of Notre Dame and both master’s and doctoral degrees, with special emphasis in sociology, from The Ohio State University. From 1976 to 1994, he taught criminology and criminal justice courses at the University of North Carolina at Pembroke; for the last 16 of those years, he chaired the university’s Department of Sociology, Social Work, and Criminal Justice. The university named him Distinguished Professor in 1991.
Dr. Schmalleger has taught in the online graduate program of the New School for Social Research, helping to build the world’s first electronic classrooms in support of distance learning through computer telecommunications. As an adjunct professor with Webster University in St. Louis, Missouri, Dr. Schmalleger helped develop the university’s graduate programs in administration of justice as well as security administration and loss prevention, and taught courses in those curricula for more than a decade. A strong advocate of Web-based instruction, Dr. Schmalleger is also the creator of numerous award-winning websites.
Dr. Schmalleger is the author of numerous articles and more than 40 books, including the widely used Criminal Justice Today (Pearson, 2019), Criminal Justice: A Brief Introduction (Pearson, 2018), Criminology Today (Pearson, 2019), Criminology: A Brief Introduction (Pearson, 2018), Criminal Law Today (Pearson, 2014), and Corrections in the Twenty-First Century (with John Smykla; McGraw-Hill, 2017). He is also founding editor of the journal Criminal Justice Studies and has served as imprint adviser for Greenwood Publishing Group’s criminal justice reference series. Visit the author’s website at www.schmalleger.com.
Michael G. Turner, Ph.D., is a Professor and Chair of the Department of Criminal Justice and Criminology at the University of North Carolina at Charlotte. He holds a B.S. in Criminal Justice from Bowling Green State University and a M.S. and Ph.D. from the University of Cincinnati. His research areas center around empirically testing criminological theories, understanding the nature and extent of victimization, and estimating measurement issues related to delinquency and crime. Dr. Turner has published over 40 peer-reviewed journal articles in areas such as criminological theory, victimization, and crime measurement. He has secured over a million dollars in extramural funding to support his research and, along with his colleagues, he has published a monograph on The Sexual Victimization of College Women.
Table of Contents
I. THE NATURE AND EXTENT OF DELINQUENCY.
1. Adolescence and Delinquency.
How Has the Treatment of Adolescents Changed in the United States?
Are Youth at Risk Today?
How Do the Juvenile Court Codes Affect the Definitions of Delinquent Behavior?
What is Status Offense?
How Have Juvenile Delinquents Been Handled in American Society?
What Are the Themes Used to Examine the Study of Delinquency?
2. The Measurement and Nature of Delinquency.
What Contribution Have Uniform Crime Reports Made to Understanding Delinquency?
How About Juvenile Court Statistics?
What Do the Cohort Studies Contribute?
How Do Self-Report Studies and Official Statistics Compare?
What Are the Most Important Social Factors Related to Delinquency?
What Are the Dimensions of Delinquent Behavior?
Why Do Some Juveniles Go into Adult Crime?
II. THE CAUSES OF DELINQUENCY.
3. Individual Causes of Delinquency.
What Does the Classical School Contribute to Understanding Delinquency?
What Insights Does Positivism Offer to Understanding Delinquency?
What Are the Contemporary Approaches to the Rationality of Crime?
Policy Recommendations for Rational Choice Theories.
4. Social Structure Theories.
What is Social Disorganization Theory?
How is Cultural Deviance Theory Related to Delinquency?
How Does Strain Affect Delinquent Behavior?
What is the Relationship Between Social Stratification and Delinquency?
What Are the Social Policy Implications of Structural Explanations ofDelinquency?
5. Social Process Theory.
What is Differential Association Theory?
How is Drift Theory Related to Delinquency?
What is the Relationship Between Control and Delinquent Acts?
How Does Integrated Theory Explain Delinquency?
What Are the Policy Implications of Social Progress Theories?
6. Social Reaction Theories.
How Does Labeling Theory Explain Delinquency?
What Does Symbolic Interactionist Theory Contribute to Understanding Delinquency?
How Does Conflict Theory Explain Crime and Delinquency?
III. ENVIRONMENTAL INFLUENCES ON DELINQUENTS.
7. Female Delinquency and Gender, Class, and Race.
What is a Recent Profile in Understanding the Adolescent Female Offender?
How is Gender Important in Understanding Delinquency?
How Can Feminist Theories be Applied to Understanding Crime?
What is a Feminist Theory on Delinquency?
How Does Gender Bias Affect the Processing of the Female Delinquent?
What is the Continuum of Care for Female Juvenile Offenders?
8. The Family and Delinquency.
What About Child Abuse and Neglect?
How is Child Abuse Handled by the Child Welfare and Juvenile Justice System?
9. The School and Delinquency.
How Has Education Evolved in the United States?
What Constitutes Crime in the Schools?
Is There a Correlation between Delinquency and School Failure?
What Are Some Theoretical Perspectives on School and Delinquency?
What Are the Rights of Students?
Are There Promising Partnerships Between the School and the Juvenile Justice System?
Which Intervention Strategies Are Most Promising in the School Setting?
10. Gang Delinquency.
How are Peer Groups and Gangs Related?
How Have Gangs Evolved in the United States?
What is the Nature and Extent of Gang Activity?
What Are the Theories of Gang Formation?
How Can Communities Prevent and Control Youth Gangs?
11. Drugs and Delinquency.
How are Social Attitudes Related to Drug Use?
What is the Prevalence and Incidence of Drug Use among Adolescents?
What Are the Main Types of Drugs?
What is the Relationship Between Drug Use and Delinquency?
What Are Some of the Theoretical Explanations for the Onset of Drug Use?
How Can Drug Use be Prevented and Controlled?
IV. PREVENTION, DIVERSION, AND TREATMENT.
12. Prevention, Diversion, and Treatment.
What is Delinquency Prevention?
How Does Diversion Work?
What is the Treatment Debate?
What are the Most Frequently Used Treatment Modalities?
What Works for Whom and in what Context?
V. SOCIAL CONTROL OF DELINQUNCY
13. An Overview of the Juvenile Justice Process.
How do the Structures and Functions of the Juvenile Justice System Work?
What is the Relationship Between Treatment and Punishment in the Juvenile Justice System?
How has the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 Affected Juvenile Corrections?
Do Graduated Sanctions Represent a New Day in Juvenile Justice?
What are the Trends for the Twenty-First Century?
14. The Police and the Juvenile.
How has Police-Juvenile Relations Evolved the Past Two Centuries?
What are Juvenile Attitudes toward the Police?
How are Juvenile Offenders Processed?
What Are the Legal Rights of Juveniles During Search, Arrest, and Interrogation?
What does the Police Contribute to the Prevention and Deterrence of Juvenile Delinquency?
15. The Juvenile Court.
How did the Juvenile Court Originate?
How has the Norms of the Juvenile Court Changed?
What are the Role Expectations of Juvenile Court Actors?
What are the Pretrial Procedures?
What Happens during a Juvenile Trial?
What are the Juvenile Sentencing Structures?
16. Community-Based Corrections.
How has Community-Based Corrections Evolved?
What About Probation?
What Role do Residential and Day Treatment Programs Play?
How does Juvenile Aftercare Work?
How Effective is Community-Based Corrections?
17. Institutions for Juveniles.
How have Juvenile Institutions Changed in the United States?
What are the Basic Types of Institutional Placements for Juveniles?
What is the Quality of Residential Care for Juveniles in Correctional Settings?
What Rights do Confined Juveniles have?
How do Long-term Juvenile Placements Need to be Changed?