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SAGE Publications
Key Concepts in Developmental Psychology / Edition 1

Key Concepts in Developmental Psychology / Edition 1

by H Rudolph Schaffer


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 2900761943463
Publisher: SAGE Publications
Publication date: 01/28/2007
Edition description: New Edition
Pages: 272
Product dimensions: 7.32(w) x 9.13(h) x (d)

About the Author

H Rudolph Schaffer is Professor Emeritus in the Department of Psychology at the University of Strathclyde

Table of Contents

Introduction     1
Conceptions of Development     5
Life-span development     6
Developmental continuity     9
Developmental trajectories and: Transition points, Equifinality and multifinality     12
Developmental stages     16
Domain specificity and: Modularity     20
Context and: Ecological systems perspective, Developmental niche     24
Mechanisms of Change     29
Maturation and: Norms of development     30
Environmental learning and: Observational learning     33
Constructivism and: Social constructivism     36
Dynamic systems and: Epigenesis, Self-organization     39
Connectionist networks     44
Biological Aspects     48
Evolution     50
Fixed action patterns and: Sign stimuli     54
Critical (sensitive) periods and: Experience-expectancy/Experience-dependency     58
Brain plasticity     61
Gene-environment effects and: Gene-environment correlation, Gene-environment interaction     64
Individuality     69
Temperament and: Goodness of fit     70
Self system and: Self-awareness, Self-concept, Self-esteem     74
Social identity and: Identity crisis,Gender identity, Ethnic identity     80
Vulnerability-resilience and: Risk factors and protective factors     86
Individualism-collectivism     91
Cognitive Development     96
Cognitive architecture and: Multistore models, Central conceptual structures     97
Functional invariants and: Equilibration, Assimilation, Accommodation     102
Symbolic representation and: Dual representation     105
Cognitive strategies and: Mediational, production and utilization deficiencies     110
Metacognition     114
Theory theory and: Folk theories     118
Social Cognition     123
Zone of proximal development and: Cultural tools Scaffolding Guided participation     125
Egocentrism and: Centration     130
Theory of mind and: Appearance-reality distinction     134
Attribution     139
Scripts and: Schemas     144
Emotional competence and: Emotional regulation Social referencing Emotional display rules     148
Relationship Formation     153
Intersubjectivity and: Joint attention     155
Attachment and: Secure base Goal corrected behaviour Internal working models     160
Bonding     168
Peer group status and: Social withdrawal Social information processing model     171
Social competence     175
Socialization     179
Child effects and: Bidirectionality     180
Parent effects     184
Parental belief systems     188
Shared and nonshared environmental influences     192
Internalization and: Compliance     196
Moral, conventional and personal conduct rules     201
Linguistic and Communicative Development     207
Universal grammar and: Language acquisition device Surface structure and deep structure     209
Proto-language and: Proto-conversations Proto-declaratives Proto-imperatives     214
Motherese and: Language acquisition support system     218
Speech acts and: Locution, perlocution and illocution     222
Linguistic competence and: Communicative competence Conversational maxims     225
References     231
Index     256

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