The present book "Key Notes on Animal Science and Dairy Science" has been designed to fulfill this long felt need of students, teachers, researchers and aspirants of competitive examinations. It is designed in such a way that give rapid, easy access to the core materials in a short format which facilitates easily learning and rapid revision. The book carries fundamentals of Animal Science and Dairy Science. There are six chapters elaborating Discoveries, Abbreviations, Terminology, Short Explanations, Reasoning, Distinguish between as well as references also included. The most recent information is provided along with a detailed list of references for further reading. Hope this book would be highly useful for graduate and post-graduate students of agriculture, teachers and researchers. This book will also useful for the aspirants of various competitive examinations such as Agricultural Research Service (ARS), ICAR- National Eligibility Test (NET), State Eligibility Test (SET), Junior Research Fellowship (JRF), Senior Research Fellowship (SRF), Civil Services, Allied Agricultural Examinations and Extension Workers for reference and easy answers of many complicated questions. Thus it is expected that this book will adequately meet the need of wider circle of students and readers for preparing their professional career.