The increased military employment of remotely operated aerial vehicles, also known as drones, has raised a wide variety of important ethical questions, concerns, and challenges. Many of these have not yet received the serious scholarly examination such worries rightly demand. This volume attempts to fill that gap through sustained analysis of a wide range of specific moral issues that arise from this new form of killing by remote control. Many, for example, are troubled by the impact that killing through the mediated mechanisms of a drone half a world away has on the pilots who fly them. What happens to concepts such as bravery and courage when a war-fighter controlling a drone is never exposed to any physical danger? This dramatic shift in risk also creates conditions of extreme asymmetry between those who wage war and those they fight. What are the moral implications of such asymmetry on the military that employs such drones and the broader questions for war and a hope for peace in the world going forward? How does this technology impact the likely successes of counter-insurgency operations or humanitarian interventions? Does not such weaponry run the risk of making war too easy to wage and tempt policy makers into killing when other more difficult means should be undertaken?
Killing By Remote Control directly engages all of these issues. Some essays discuss the just war tradition and explore whether the rise of drones necessitates a shift in the ways we think about the ethics of war in the broadest sense. Others scrutinize more specific uses of drones, such as their present use in what are known as "targeted killing" by the United States. The book similarly tackles the looming prospect of autonomous drones and the many serious moral misgivings such a future portends.
"A path-breaking volume! BJ Strawser, an internationally known analyst of drone ethics, has assembled a broad spectrum of civilian and military experts to create the first book devoted to this hot-button issue. This important work represents vanguard thinking on weapon systems that make headlines nearly every day. It will catalyze debates policy-makers and military leaders must have in order to preserve peace and protect the innocent. - James Cook, Department Chair/Head of Philosophy, US Air Force Academy
"The use of 'drones' (remotely piloted air vehicles) in war has grown exponentially in recent years. Clearly, this evolution presages an enormous explosion of robotic vehicles in war - in the air, on the ground, and on and under the sea. This collection of essays provides an invaluable contribution to what promises to be one of the most fundamental challenges to our assumptions about ethics and warfare in at least the last century. The authors in this anthology approach the ethical challenges posed by these rapidly advancing technologies from a wide range of perspectives. Cumulatively, they represent an essential overview of the fundamental ethical issues involved in their development. This collection makes a key contribution to an urgently needed dialogue about the moral questions involved." - Martin L. Cook, Adm. James B. Stockdale Professor of Professional Military Ethics, Professor Leadership & Ethics, College of Operational & Strategic Leadership, U.S. Naval War College
|Publisher:||Oxford University Press|
|Product dimensions:||5.70(w) x 8.60(h) x 0.90(d)|
About the Author
Bradley Strawser is an Assistant Professor of Philosophy in the Defense Analysis Department at the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, CA. He is also a Research Associate with Oxford's Institute for Ethics, Law, and Armed Conflict. A prior Air Force Officer himself, Strawser's work specializes on the moral questions surrounding war and military ethics.
Table of Contents
I JUST WAR THEORY AND THE PERMISSIBILITY
TO KILL BY REMOTE CONTROL
1. Introduction: The Moral Landscape of Unmanned Weapons
Bradley J. Strawser
2. Just War Theory and Remote Military Technology: A Primer
3. Distinguishing Drones: An Exchange
Asa Kasher and Avery Plaw
II THE ETHICS OF DRONE EMPLOYMENT
4. Drones and Targeted Killing: Angels or Assassins?
5. War without Virtue?
6. Robot Guardians: Teleoperated Combat Vehicles in Humanitarian
Zack Beauchamp and Julian Savulescu
7. Counting the Dead: The Proportionality of Predation in Pakistan
8. The Wizard of Oz Goes to War: Unmanned Systems in Counterinsurgency
Rebecca J. Johnson
9. Killing Them Safely: Extreme Asymmetry and Its Discontents
III AUTONOMOUS DRONES AND THE FUTURE OF
10. Engineering, Ethics & Industry: the Moral Challenges of Lethal Autonomy
George R. Lucas, Jr.
11. Autonomous Weapons Pose No Moral Problem
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