In this pioneering study, Anna Lawton examines the fascinating world of Soviet cinema under Glasnost and Perestroïka. She shows how the reforms that shook the foundations of the Bolshevik state and profoundly affected economic and social structures have been reflected by changes that revolutionized the film industry and in the films the industry produced. Lawton discusses the restructuring of the main institutions governing the industry; the abolition of censorship; the emergence of independent production and distribution systems; the problems connected with the dismantling of the old bureaucratic structure and the implementation of new initiatives. She also surveys the films that remained unscreened for decades for political reasons, films of the new wave that look at the past to search out the truth, and those that record current social ills or conjure up a disquieting image of the future. Together they portray a society in search of its roots and of new directions.
Table of ContentsList of illustrations; Preface and acknowledgments; List of abbreviations; Introduction; Part I. The Melting of the Ice: 1. The waning of the Brezhnev era; 2. Perestroika in the film factory; 3. Learning a new game: khozraschet; 4. Serving the muse or the people?; Part II. Spring Waters and Mud: 5. Off the shelf; 6. Exorcizing the past; 7. Facing the present; 8. peering into the future; Conclusion; Notes; Bibliography; Filmography; Index.