Knowledge Driven Development: Private Extension and Global Lessons uses actual cases written specifically to study the role and capacity of private companies in knowledge sharing and intensification through agricultural extension. Descriptions of specific models and approaches are teased out of complex situations exhibiting a range of agricultural, regulatory, socio-economic variables. Illustrative cases focus on a particular agricultural value chain and elaborate the special feature of the associated private extension system.
Chapters presenting individual cases of private extension also highlight specific areas of variations and significant deviance. Each chapter begins with a section describing the background and agricultural context of the case, followed by a description of the specific crop value chain. Based on understanding of this context, extension models and methods by private companies receive deeper analysis and definition in the next section. This leads to a discussion of the private extension with respect to its relevance, efficiency, effectiveness, equity, sustainability and impact. Following that, comparison with public extension, the uniqueness of the knowledge intensification model, and lessons for its replication and scaling up are elaborated. The final chapter summarizes the major results from the ten cases presented, looking at the trends, commonalities and differences of various extension approaches and the general lessons for success or failure. It concludes with a set of messages around value creation, integrated services, market links, inclusive innovation, and capacity development.
- Provides understanding of different knowledge sharing and intensification models of extension delivery and financing by private companies across the agricultural value chains
- Assesses the factors leading to successes or failures of various approaches
- Draws lessons and recommendations for future endeavors relating to private extension policies and programs
About the Author
Head of Research and Policy Analysis - Syngenta Foundation for Sustainable Agriculture
Yuan Zhou brings experience in environmental economics and water management. She has worked on a range of interdisciplinary projects in developing countries including economics and management of water resources, cost evaluation of water treatment and desalination technologies, integrated studies on water/food/environment relations, and rural development issues. Yuan holds a PhD in environmental economics from University of Hamburg and previously worked as a researcher at the Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and TechnologySuresh C Babu is a Senior Research Fellow and Head of Capacity Strengthening at the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI), Washington D.C. Before joining IFPRI in 1992 as a Research Fellow, Dr. Babu was a Research Economist at the Division of Nutritional Sciences, Cornell University, Ithaca, New York. Between 1989 and 1994 he spent 5 years in Malawi, Southern Africa on various capacities. He was Senior Food Policy Advisor to the Malawi Ministry of Agriculture on developing a national level Food and Nutrition Information System; an Evaluation Economist for the UNICEF-Malawi working on designing food and nutrition intervention programs; Coordinator of UNICEF/IFPRI food security program in Malawi; and a Senior Lecturer at the Bunda College of Agriculture, Lilongwe University of Agriculture and Natural Resources (LUANR). He has been coordinator of IFPRI’s South Asia Initiative and Central Asia Program. His past research covers a range of developmental issues including nutrition economics and policy, economics of soil fertility, famine prevention, market integration, migration, pesticide pollution, groundwater depletion, and gender bias in development. He has published more than 18 books and monographs and 80 peer reviewed journal papers. He has been on the advisory board of World Agricultural Forum and a Coordinating Lead Author of Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. He currently conducts research on Capacity Development including Economic Analysis of Extension and Advisory Services; Reforming of National agricultural Research Systems; Understanding Policy Process; and Institutional Innovations for Agricultural Transformation. He is or has been a Visiting as Honorary Professor of Indira Gandhi National Open University, India, American University, Washington DC, University of Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa, and Zhejiang University, China. He currently serves or has served on the editorial boards of the following journals - Food Security, Food and Nutrition Bulletin, Agricultural Economics Research Review, African Journal of Agricultural and Resource Economics, African Journal of Management, and African Journal of Food, Nutrition, and Development. Dr. Babu was educated at Agricultural Universities in Tamil Nadu, India (B.S. Agriculture; M.S. Agriculture) and at Iowa State University, Ames, Iowa (M.S. Economics and PhD Economics).
Table of Contents
1. Introduction Yuan Zhou and Suresh Chandra Babu
2. The Current Status and Role of Private Extension: A Literature Review and a Conceptual Framework Suresh Chandra Babu, Natarajan Ramesh, and Caitlin Shaw
3. Private Approaches to Extension and Advisory Services: A Historical Analysis R. Saravanan and Suresh Chandra Babu
4. Private Sector Extension with Input Supply and Output Aggregation: Case of Sugarcane Production System with EID-Parry in India Suresh Chandra Babu
5. Kenya Horticultural Exporters: Linking Smallholders to Market Yuan Zhou
6. Private Technical Assistance Approaches in Brazil: The Case of Food Processing Company Rio de Una Suresh Chandra Babu, Cristina Sette, and Kristin Davis
7. Syngenta Frijol Nica Program: Supporting Nicaraguan Bean Growers Yuan Zhou
8. Private Sector Participation in Agricultural Extension for Cocoa Farming in Nigeria: The Case of Multi-trex Integrated Foods Kolawole Adebayo, Suresh Chandra Babu, Rahman Sanusi and Motunrayo Sofola
9. Jain Irrigation Systems Limited: Creating Shared Value for Small Onion Growers Yuan Zhou
10. Private Sector Participation in Agricultural Extension for Safflower Farming in India: The Case of Marico Limited G.D.S Kumar, S.V. Ramana Rao and K.S. Varaprasad
11. Private Provision of Extension through the Contract Farming Approach in Bangladesh: the Case of PRAN in Bangladesh Fatema Wadud, Suresh Chandra Babu, and Md. Safiul Islam Afrad
12. Extension and Advisory Services for Organic Basmati Rice Production in Jammu and Kashmir, India: A Case Study of Sarveshwar Organic Foods Ltd. Rakesh Nanda, Rakesh Sharma, Vinod Gupta and Gaytri Tandon
13. Private Extension Provision in Vietnam: A Case Study of An Giang Plant Protection Joint Stock Company Pham Hoang Ngan, Tran Tri Dung, and Suresh Chandra Babu
14. Private Sector Extension – Synthesis of the Case Studies Suresh Chandra Babu and Yuan Zhou