This title follows from New Vanguard 51: Kriegsmarine U-boats 1939–45 (1) and charts the continuing development of the U-boat in German service, including the evolution of the Type IX as a long range 'cruiser' intended for solo operations in distant waters. Also covered is the revolutionary Type XXI, conceived of in 1942 and launched in April 1944, the first true submarine rather than submersible, whose arrival was just too late to influence the war. Other vessels covered are the Type XXIII, a small vessel armed with only two torpedoes but technically highly advanced, and the Type X minelayers, which were rarely used in their intended role and more often used as supply boats.
About the Author
Gordon Williamson was born in 1951 and currently works for the Scottish Land Register. He spent seven years with the Military Police TA and has published a number of books and articles on the decorations of the Third Reich and their winners. He is author of a number of World War II titles for Osprey.
Table of Contents
The Type IX · Armament · Torpedoes · Mines · Rockets · The Focke-Achgelis · Other standard equipment · The Type X · The Type XB · The Type XXI · The Type XXIII · The Wa201 · The Type XVIIB · Foreign submarines · Midget submarines · Bibliography · Colour plate commentary · Index
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