Kyungrak System and Theory of Sanal: Proceedings of the Academy of Kyungrak of the DPRK, 1965 No.2

Kyungrak System and Theory of Sanal: Proceedings of the Academy of Kyungrak of the DPRK, 1965 No.2

by Bong-Han Kim


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780995770331
Publisher: CuriousPages Publishing
Publication date: 09/08/2017
Pages: 114
Product dimensions: 7.44(w) x 9.69(h) x 0.24(d)

About the Author

In 1962, Bong-Han Kim (born 1916), a North Korean medical surgeon at Pyongyang Medical University, published the first scientific evidence of these structures. He was then appointed director of the North Korean National Academy of Kyung-Rak ("Kyung-Rak" is the Korean term for meridian). And up until 1965, he produced four further articles detailing his extensive research into these structures. His findings were detailed most thoroughly in his last two books, "On the Kyungrak System", 1963, and "Kyungrak System and Theory of Sanal", 1965, which were both translated into English.
Near the start of his research in 1962, the North Korean leadership awarded Bong-Han Kim the People's Prize for his work. But not long after the publication of his 1965 book, the Kyung-Rak Institute was inexplicably closed and Kim was not heard of again.

Table of Contents

Editorial preface 3



Part 1. Constituent parts of the Kyungrak System 9

Chapter I. Bonghan duct 9

I. General structure of Bonghan duct 9

II. Internal Bonghan duct 10

Structure of Bonghan ductule 10

III. Intra-external Bonghan duct 12

IV. External Bonghan duct 13

V. Neural Bonghan duct 14

Chapter II. Bonghan corpuscle 15

Part II. Various systems of Kyungrak 29

Part III. Various systems of Kyungrak and their roles 40

I. Biochemical composition of Bonghan liquor 40

II. Conductibility of Bonghan duct 47

III. Study on circulation of Bonghan liquor 51

IV. Effect of stimuli to Bonghan duct 54

V. Effect of cutting of Bonghan duct 57

VI. Path of circulation of Bonghan liquor 59

Part IV. Embryological and comparative biologic studies on Kyungrak system 61

I. Kyungrak Consists of Several Systems 64

II. The Kyungrak System Is the Multi-circulation System of Bonghan Liquor 65

III. The Changes in the Circulation of the Bonghan Liquor Exert Influence on the Functions of Different Organs 66

IV. The Differentiation and Development of the Kyungrak System Precede the Differentiations of the Vascular and Nervous Systems and Other Organs 67

V. The Kyungrak System Is Considered To Be Existing Widely in the Biological World 67



Chapter I. Circulation in the Kyungrak system 70

Chapter II. Characteristics of sanal 71

Chapter III. “Bonghan sanal-cell cycle” 80

Chapter IV. Sanal and cell division 90

Chapter V. Sanal and cell 94

Chapter VI. “Bonghan sanal-cell cycle” and the role of the Kyungrak system 95


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