Due to economic crises, labor parties followed economic policies that hurt labor unions during the 1990s, such as trade liberalization and privatization. This book explains why labor unions resisted on some occasions and submitted on others and what the consequences of their actions were by studying three countries: Argentina, Mexico, and Venezuela. The comparison between the experiences of the three countries and five different sectors in each country shows the importance of politics in explaining labor reactions and their effects on economic policies.
Table of Contents1. Unions' dilemma: how to survive neoliberalism; 2. A theory of union-government interaction; 3. The populist past and its institutional legacies; 4. A tug of war: labor unions and market reforms in Venezuela; 5. Divided we rule: labor unions and market reforms in Mexico; 6. From pickets to prices: labor unions and market reform in Argentina; 7. Multilevel comparison; 8. Labor competition and partisan coalitions.