This ambitious work is the definitive account of Russia’s land reform initiatives from the late 1980s to today. In Russia, a country controlling more land than any other nation, land ownership is central to structures of power, class division, and agricultural production.
The aim of Russian land reform for the past thirty yearsto undo the collectivization of the Soviet era and encourage public ownershiphas been largely unsuccessful. To understand this failure, Stephen Wegren examines contemporary land reform policies in terms of legislation, institutional structure, and human behavior. Using extensive survey data, he analyzes household behaviors in regard to land ownership and usage based on socioeconomic status, family size, demographic distribution, and regional differences. Wegren’s study is important and timely, as Russian land reform will have a profound effect on Russia’s ability to compete in an era of globalization.
About the Author
Stephen Wegren is professor of political science and director of International and Area Studies at Southern Methodist University. He lives in Dallas, TX.
Table of Contents
Note on Transliteration and Sources xviii
Part 1 Policy Design and Legislative Context
1 Russia's Contemporary Land Reform: An Overview 3
2 Politics and Property Rights in the Soviet Period 28
3 Politics and Property Rights in the Yelstin Period, 1992-99 51
4 Politics and Property Rights in the Putin Period and Beyond 77
Part 2 Behavioural Responses
5 Rural Households' Land Holdings, Enlargement, and Rental 107
6 The Effects of Land Reform: Stratification and Class Development 138
7 The Effects of Rural Demographics and Labor on Household's Land 164
8 The Regional Impact on Households' Land 191
9 Russia's Contemporary Land Reform: An Assessment 216
Appendix A Selected Governmental Acts Concerning Land Reform in the USSR and RSFSR, 1990-91 231
Appendix B Selected Governmental Acts Concerning Land Reform in the Russian Federation, 1992-2006 233
Appendix C The Post-Soviet Land Code 237
Appendix D Survey Methodology and Description of Villages, 1995-2006 251