Land trusts are a new and growing phenomenon and are not yet much studied by academics. This book provides an entry point into the world of land trusts and biodiversity for anyone (i) doing academic work in the conservation sciences, (ii) taking their first job with a land trust and in need of an overview of the topic, or (iii) who has a general interest in land conservation and the protection of biological resources. The book sets out an intellectual framework for thinking about land trusts and biodiversity conservation, one that blends the critical edge of the academic and pragmatic concerns of the practitioner. The essential purpose of the book is to show how land trusts protect biodiversity in the work they do and how this work is an important step in reforming the institution of property to account for the welfare of all of nature's living beings. Anyone wanting a simple overview of the land trust movement and its work on the conservation of nature's assets need go no further.