ISBN-10:
0321019377
ISBN-13:
9780321019370
Pub. Date:
08/04/1998
Publisher:
Addison-Wesley
The Language of Argument / Edition 9

The Language of Argument / Edition 9

by Daniel McDonald, Larry Burton

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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780321019370
Publisher: Addison-Wesley
Publication date: 08/04/1998
Edition description: Older Edition
Pages: 400
Product dimensions: 6.19(w) x 9.03(h) x 0.65(d)

Table of Contents

(Material new to this edition has been marked with an asterisk *).

I. FORMS OF ARGUMENT.

Persuasive Writing.
Win Your Audience.
Define the Issue.
Make Your Case.
Exercises.
*Earn $300 to $500 a Week Stuffing Envelopes.
*Internet No Substitute for Real Knowledge.
George Cantor.

Color Me Pro-Choice, Mitchell Farnum.

*Dr. Durant Demonstrates Psychokinesis, Redstone Wire Service.
The Whole Scoop on Coffee, Health After 50.

*The New Stupidity in College Writing Classes, John Leo.

Induction.
Is the Sample Known?
Is the Sample Sufficient?
Is the Sample Representative?
Polling.
Occam's Razor.
Exercises.
Essay Assignments.

*America Needs a Flag-Protection Amendment, Senator Bob Dole.

*We Don't Need Immigrants, Dan Stein.

Ban Boxing, Robert E. McAfee.

Smoking Is Very Glamorous, American Cancer Society.

*Ban Anti-Smoking Wimps!, Ed Anger.

*Resolution on Moral Stewardship and the Disney Company, Southern Baptist Convention.

Deduction.
Are Premises True?
Is the Language Ambiguous?
Is the Syllogism Valid?
Induction or Deduction?
Exercises.
Essay Assignments.

*Ebonics Be a Complex Issue, Bill Cosby.

Death Penalty Deters Violent Crime, Senator Strom Thurmond.

Should Dirty Lyrics Be Against the Law?, Bob Martinez and Ira Glasser.

John Saad Is Pro-Life, Catholic Week.

*A Broader Approach to Respect for Life, Jerry Darring.

*Equal Treatment IsReal Issue-Not Same-Sex Marriage, USA Today.

Fallacies.
False Analogy.
Presumed Cause-Effect.
Begging the Question.
Ignoring the Question.
Fallacies in Other Forms.
Exercises.

Left-Handers (Those Sickos!) Got No Reason to Live, Roger L. Guffey.

*Greed and Liability Litigation, Mobile Press Register.

*The Real Causes of "Gulf War Syndrome", Jim Schnabel.

How Would You Like the Police to Investigate Your Miscarriage?, Planned Parenthood.

Sizism: One of the Last "Safe" Prejudices, Sally E. Smith.

*Is Abortion Self-Defense?, Nat Hentoff.

Argument by Authority.
Expert Testimony.
Biased Testimony.
Distorting Quotations.
Exercises.
Essay Assignments.

*Federal Foolishness and Marijuana, Jerome P. Kassirer, M.D.

Tracking the Werewolf, Fred A. Dobson.

*The Need for Vision - Funding the NEH, Daniel McDonald.

What Jesus Said About Homosexuality, Dignity/USA.

There Is No Safe Sex, Robert C. Noble.

*Power Line Paranoia, Robert L. Park.

Semantic Argument.
Snarl and Purr Words.
Indirect Statement.
Persuasive Style.
Exercises.
Essay Assignments.

Psychometry: Getting the Vibrations, David St. Clair.

*Why Oregon State Should Give Up Football, Jud Blakely.

*Moment of Silent Reflection Intended to Circumvent Law, Cynthia Tucker.

Which Would You Rather Put on Your Kids' Cereal?, Sugar Association.

*Greed and Overconsumption Are Killing the Rainforest, Randall Hayes.

*The Inescapability of Humanism, James L. Battersby.

Statistics.
Averages.
Questionable Figures.
Irrelevant Numbers.
Homemade Statistic.
Enhancing a Statistic.
Exercises.
Essay Assignments.

100,000 Beer Commercials, Anheuser-Busch.

*Best State Strategy vs. tobacco: Tax to the Max, USA Today.

*Tobacco Taxes Are Unfair and Ineffective, Walker Merryman.

God Bless America, Handgun Control.

No, Virginia, there Isn't a Santa Claus, Bruce Handy.

*The Power of Prayer, Cooking Light.

II. ARGUMENTS FOR ANALYSIS.

The Handy Dandy Evolution Prover, Jonathan Weiner.

*Hooters and Good Values, Sledge Clark.

*The Confederate Flag is Not Racist, Scott Owens.

*I Had Liposuction Instead, American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons.

*Asking God to Cheat in Sports, Dexter Martin.

*The Many Benefits of Human Cloning, Mike Royko.

Is it Any Wonder the Prisons Are Full?, Dakin, Inc.

*The Right to Choose a Merciful Death, Cherie Graves.

*Balanced Budget Amendment is Bad Policy, Horace B. Deets.

*Pining for Prozac, John Rezek.

*The Tony Randall Baby, M. Streeter.

*Entrance to High School Should Not Be Automatic, Carol Jago.

For a Better Life, Don't Eat Any Beef, Dean Ornish.

A Lot of Campus Rapes Start Here, Santa Monica Hospital.

*Who Me, Censor?, Carol Hole.

*Gambling in the New Testament, William M. Mock, Jr.

Why Prisons Don't Work, Wilbert Rideau.

*Real Men Get It Checked, American Cancer Society.

*The Case for Fact-Based Education, William Raspberry.

*Let's Do Away With Safety, Lawrence A. Bullis.

*Butter: Now More than Ever the Natural Choice, National Dairy Board.

*A Woman's Place is in the Home - With the Dog!, Ed Anger.

*NCAA's Too-Tight Rules Hurt Deserving Students, USA Today.

*NCAA Program Works, Cedric W. Dempsey.

They're Forgetting Someone, Michigan Right to Life.

Should Priests Marry?, Martin Ridgeway.

*Taking Movie Ratings Seriously, Alvin Poussaint, M.D.

So I Have a Vitamin Gap, Big Deal, Council for Responsible Nutrition.

*Dying is Not a Solely Private Decision, Our Sunday Visitor.

Vitamin C Will Help You Win the Lottery, Ann Victoria.

Let's Get Mental Illness Out of the Closet, National Alliance for Research On Schizophrenia and Depression.

Give Hotel Guests a Bible-Free Room, Annie Laurie Gaylor.

*Hakeem Olajuwon Smokin', American Cancer Society.

*Challenging the Brady Bill, Mobile Press Register.

*Mike Tyson Gets a Slap On the Wrist, Timothy Dwyer.

*"In John Doe We Trust" is Not a Good Motto, Hillsdale College.

Communication In Marriage, Gary Herubin.

Woman Priests? Never!, S. L. Varnado.

A Citizen's Approach to County Government, Bill Hays.

Stop Banning Things At the Drop of a Rat, Elizabeth M. Whelan.

When You Give Blood, American Red Cross.
Diary of An Unborn Child.

*A Little Less Balance, Please, Art Levine.

*Steve Forbes' Flat Tax Proposal Deserves Another Look, Cal Thomas.

In the U.S., Crime Pays Because Criminals Don't, National Rifle Association.

III. LITERARY ARGUMENT.

*My Mistress' Eyes, William Shakespeare.

*, St. Crispin's Day from Henry V, William Shakespeare.

*To His Coy Mistress, Andrew Marvell.

*Death Be Not Proud, John Donne.

*Book IX from Paradise Lost, John Milton.

*A Vindication of the Rights of Women, Mary Wollstonecraft.

*A Modest Proposal, Jonathan Swift.

*It's Only a Novel from Northanger Abbey, Jane Austen.

*My Last Duchess, Robert Browning.

*I Am the Very Model of a Modern Major General, Gilbert and Sullivan.
*The Declaration of Independence.

IV. EIGHT RULES FOR GOOD WRITING.

Rule 1: Find A Subject You Can Work With.
Exercises.

Rule 2: Get Your Facts.
Visit the Library.
Using On-line Resources.
Use Your Telephone.
Write for Facts You Need.
Exercises.
Alternate Exercises.

Rule 3: Limit Your Topic To Manageable Size.
Exercises.

Rule 4: Organize You Material.
The Introduction.
The Body.
The Conclusion.
Exercises.

Rule 5: Make Your Writing Interesting.
Truisms.
Cliches Generalized Language.
Inflated Language.
Exercises.

Rule 6: Make Your Writing Emphatic.
Avoid Wordiness.
Write in the Active Voice.
Express Your Main Idea in the Subject — Verb of Your Sentence.
Do Not Waste the Ends of Your Sentences.
Keep Your Sentences Relatively Short.
Keep Your Document as Short as Possible.
Exercises.

Rule 7: Avoid Language That Draws Attention To Itself.
Sexist Language.
Repetition.
Dangling and Misplaced Modifiers.
Elaborate Figures of Speech.
Faculty Parallelism.
Awkward Construction.
Abrupt Changes in Tone.
Exercises.

Rule 8: Avoid Mechanical Errors.
Punctuation.
Apostrophes, Quotation Marks, Italics and Capital Letters.
Abbreviations.
Numbers.
Spelling.
Exercises.

Final Reminders.
Credit Your Sources.
Use Your Speaking Voice.
Get Help from Friends.
Make it Neat.
Remember Your Audience.
Remember Your Purpose.
Be Smart.

Appendixes.
Exercises for Review.
Subjects for Argumentative Essays.
Good Words, Bad Words, and Persuasive Words.
Writing a Business Letter.
Making a Speech.
The MLA System for Citing Sources.
Index.

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