Latin America's New Insertion in the World Economy examines the contributions governments can make in order to stimulate efficient and export-orientated manufacturing production in small and medium-sized economies in Latin America in the coming years. The study focuses on the progress that has been made recently to correct policy failures of the past, the obstacles and bottlenecks that have occurred in the process of economic transition and the challenges the selected countries face in order to stimulate in a systematic way the development of an internationally competitive manufacturing sector.
Table of ContentsList of Tables - List of Figures - Notes on the Contributors - Acknowledgements - Preface - List of Abbreviations - Towards a New Insertion in World Markets: An Introduction; P.van Dijck - The Gains from Trade Reconsidered; H.Linnemann - The Exchange Rate as an Export-Stimulation Mechanism; H.Visser - Structural Adjustment in the 1980s: Stimulus or Setback for Private Investment in the Industrialization Process?; V.FitzGerald - The Scope for Industrial Policy in a Free Trade Environment; J.Tavares de Araujo Jr . - Export Processing Free Zones as an Export Strategy for Central America and the Caribbean; T.S.Weersma-Haworth - The Export Processing Free Zone San Bartolo in El Salvador; G.Dijkstra & C.R.Aleman - The Historical Experience: Growth Accounting; A.A.Hofman - Social Development during Periods of Structural Adjustment; R.van der Hoeven & F.Stewart - Trade Policy and Changing Trade Patterns; C.van Beers - Chile: from Early Liberalization to 'Second-Phase Export-led Growth'; A.T.Seinen - Industrial Competitiveness and Government Policies in Uruguay; A.Timpers - The Competitiveness of Manufacturing Firms: the Case of Venezuela; C.Macario - Export Promotion in Costa Rica; G.Dijkstra & J.van der Wijk - The Systemic Weakness of Guatemala's Competitiveness; J.A.Fuentes K . - Conclusions; R.Buitelaar & P.van Dijck - Notes - References - Index