Many dictatorships are short-lived, but a few manage to stay in power for decades. Lewis takes three Latin fascist tyrantsMussolini, Franco, and Salazarand shows how they perpetuated their rule through the careful recruitment and circulation of top-echelon subordinates to carry out their orders.
Long-established dictatorships have to respond to political and social pressures surrounding them, just as democracies do, but it is harder to study them because they are closed systems. One possible way of viewing their internal processes is by observing who they recruit into top leadership positions. Every dictator, however powerful, must delegate some authortiy to an elite stratum just below him. By watching which kinds of men are recruited, how long they are kept in power, and whether different skills are sought at different times, it may be possible to chart the evolution of a 20- or 30-year regime.
The Mussolini, Franco, and Salazar regimes all fit the criteria of being long-established. Mussolini ruled for almost 21 years, Franco for over 37, and Salazar for 36. Moreover, all three shared a family resemblance as being fascist. Comparing them affords the additional advantage of adding to our understanding of the Latin variant of fascism, as contrasted to the Central and Eastern European. A provocative work for scholars, students, and other researchers involved with European Politics, Modern European History, and fascist regimes.
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About the Author
PAUL H. LEWIS is Professor of Political Science at Tulane University. Among his earlier publications is Guerrillas and Generals: The Dirty War in Argentina (2001).
Table of Contents
Mussolini's Political Elite
The Italian Fascist Elite: Building the Regime
The Italian Fascist Elite: The Regime in Decline
Statistical Analysis of Mussolini's Elites
Franco's Political Elite
Franco's Ministerial Elite: Building the Regime
Franco's Ministerial Elite: The Regime Decline
Statistical Analysis of Franco's Ministerial Elite
Salazar's Political Elite
Salazar's Ministerial Elite: Building the Regime
Salazar's Ministerial Elite: The Regime in Decline
Statistical Analysis of Salazar's Ministerial Elite
Varieties of Latin Fascism
For Further Reading