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The end of the 20th century will mark the beginning of a new era for the world trading system. More than 130 member countries of the World Trade Organization (WTO) will begin negotiations in 1999 on a broad range of subjects, including agriculture, services, intellectual property, and trade and the environment. The authors in this volume analyze the key issues that should be on the agenda of new WTO negotiations to meet the challenges generated by the Asian financial crisis, concerns about the impact of globalization on firms and workers, and the proliferation of regional trading pacts. They present a compelling case for comprehensive trade talks that include new issues such as investment and competition policy, in addition to subjects already part of the WTO's built-in agenda.
The overview chapter by Jeffrey J. Schott examines the work of the WTO since its establishment in January 1995 (including its dispute settlement mechanism) and the key challenges facing new trade talks. In addition, Schott proposes a new negotiating strategy to produce concrete results without the lengthy delays of past trade talks. He recommends that governments commit to continuous negotiations in Geneva and use the regularly scheduled meetings of trade ministers to conclude a balanced "round-up" of agreements every two years. An appendix contains statements made by WTO Director General Renato Ruggiero and US Trade Representative Charlene Barshefsky on the importance of WTO negotiations and the key US objectives in pursuing those talks.
About the Author
Jeffrey J. Schott joined the Peterson Institute for International Economics in 1983 and is a senior fellow working on international trade policy and economic sanctions. Durgaing his tenure at the Institute, Schott was also a visiting lecturer at Princeton University (1994) and an adjunct professor at Georgetown University (1986–88). He was a senior associate at the Carnegie Endowment for International Peace (1982–83) and an official of the US Treasury Department (1974–82) in international trade and energy policy. Durgaing the Tokyo Round of multilateral trade negotiations, he was a member of the US delegation that negotiated the GATT Subsidies Code. Since January 2003, he has been a member of the Trade and Environment Policy Advisory Committee of the US government. He is also a member of the State Department's Advisory Committee on International Economic Policy.
Table of Contents
|1||The World Trade Organization: Progress to Date and the Road Ahead||3|
|II||The New Setting for Global Trade Negotiations|
|2||The Debate Over Globalization: How to Move Forward by Looking Backward||25|
|3||The International Monetary Scene and the Next WTO Negotiations||39|
|4||Regionalism and the Next Round||47|
|III||Preparing for New WTO Negotiations|
|5||Agricultural Trade Policy: Completing the Reform||63|
|6||Setting the Agenda for the Next Round of Negotiations on Trade in Services||91|
|7||The Environmental Dilemmas of the World Trade Organization||111|
|8||Intellectual Property Rights in the World Trade Organization: Progress and Prospects||133|
|IV||Expanding the WTO Agenda|
|9||Trade and Investment at the WTO: Just Do It!||151|
|10||International Labor Standards and Trade: What Should Be Done?||165|
|11||The Coming Competition Policy Agenda in the WTO||179|
|Keynote Opening Address||189|
|Challenges to the Global Trading System||195|