Pub. Date:
Oxford University Press, USA
Law of Contract / Edition 2

Law of Contract / Edition 2

by Janet O'Sullivan, Jonathan Hilliard


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780199290321
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Publication date: 09/30/2006
Series: Core Texts Series
Edition description: REV
Pages: 480
Product dimensions: 9.10(w) x 6.10(h) x 1.10(d)

About the Author

Janet O'Sullivan, Fellow and Director of Studies in Law, Selwyn College, Cambridge,Jonathan Hilliard, Barrister, Wilberforce Chambers, London

Janet O'Sullivan is a Fellow and Director of Studies in Law at Selwyn College, Cambridge and a University Senior Lecturer in the Faculty of Law, Cambridge University.

Jonathan Hilliard is a barrister at Wilberforce Chambers, London, and has taught contract law at Gonville & Caius and Selwyn Colleges, Cambridge.

Table of Contents

Preface     v
Table of Statutes     xiii
Table of Statutory Instruments     xv
Table of Cases     xvii
General themes and issues     1
Further Reading     10
Offer and acceptance I: General principles     11
Two preliminary points     15
Is there an offer?     17
Acceptance     28
Battle of the forms     41
Further Reading     43
Self-Test Questions     44
Offer and acceptance II: Three applications of the general principles     45
Intention to create legal relations     46
Signature-the rule in L'Estrange v Graucob     50
Unilateral mistake     53
Further Reading     66
Self-Test Questions     67
Certainty     68
General principles     70
Some thorny issues     72
Further Reading     79
Self-Test Questions     79
Contracts which fail to materialise     80
The case law     82
How should we tackle such situations?     84
Applying the contractual approach     87
Further Reading     89
Self-Test Questions     89
Consideration and estoppel     90
What counts as consideration?     93
Examples of legally insufficient consideration     100
Estoppel     115
Conclusion: does English law need a requirement of consideration?     124
Further Reading     126
Self-Test Questions     126
Privity     127
Why should we normally allow only parties to a contract to have rights under it?     128
Cases establishing that a third party cannot acquire rights under a contract     130
Problems caused by the rule     131
Judge-made exceptions     132
Statutory exceptions: The Contracts (Rights of Third Parties) Act 1999     146
The fate of the judge-made exceptions after the 1999 Act     152
The imposition of contractual obligations on third parties     154
Further Reading     155
Self-Test Questions     155
Terms of the contract: I     157
Distinguishing between terms and mere representations     158
Implied terms     163
Incorporation of express terms     170
Interpretation of written contracts     177
Further Reading     182
Self-Test Questions     182
Terms of the contract II: Exemption clauses and unfair terms     184
Common law principles of construction/interpretation     186
Unfair Contract Terms Act 1977 ('UCTA')     191
Unfair Terms in Consumer Contracts Regulations 1999     199
Proposals for reform of UCTA and the 1999 Regulations     208
Further Reading     209
Self-Test Questions     209
Misrepresentation and non-disclosure     210
What counts as an actionable misrepresentation?     211
Remedies for misrepresentation: Rescission     222
Remedies for misrepresentation: Damages     229
Exclusion of liability for misrepresentation     237
Further Reading     240
Self-Test Questions     241
Duress     242
Introductory points     242
Duress to the person     243
Duress to goods     244
Economic duress     245
'Lawful act duress'     254
Further Reading     257
Self-Test Questions     257
Undue influence     258
Introductory points     258
Actual and presumed undue influence     260
Basis and status of presumed undue influence since Etridge     267
Remedies     269
Undue influence in three-party cases     272
Further Reading     277
Self-Test Questions     277
Unconscionable bargains     278
Historical background     279
Requirements for relief from unconscionable bargains     280
Unconscionable bargains and third parties     286
Theoretical questions     288
Further Reading     291
Self-Test Questions     291
Incapacity     292
Minors     293
Mental incapacity     295
Companies     295
Public authorities     296
Self-Test Questions     296
Illegality and public policy     297
Illegality and public policy at common law     299
Public policy against contracts in restraint of trade     301
Statutory illegality     306
Effects of illegality     309
Discretion or inflexible rule of policy?     315
Further Reading     317
Self-Test Questions     317
Common mistake     318
Common mistake at law     320
Rescission in equity for common mistake?     332
Rectification     337
Further Reading     342
Self-Test Questions     342
Frustration     343
The current test for frustration     344
Was there a radical change in the obligation?     345
Self-induced frustration     353
A better approach?     355
What are the effects of frustration?     356
Further Reading     362
Self-Test Questions     362
Discharge of a contract for breach     363
Withholding performance     364
Termination of the contract for breach     369
Innocent party's option to discharge contract     378
Further Reading     384
Self-Test Questions     384
Remedies I: Compensatory damages     385
Introduction     386
Has the claimant suffered any loss?     387
Has the claimant suffered an actionable type of loss?     394
Did the breach cause the claimant's loss?     403
Was the type of loss sustained reasonably foreseeable?     405
Has the claimant mitigated his loss?     409
Did the claimant's fault contribute to the loss that he suffered?     411
Further Reading     413
Self-Test Questions     413
Remedies II: Specific remedies     415
Introduction     415
The action for an agreed sum     416
Specific performance     426
Mandatory injunctions     430
Prohibitory injunctions     430
Damages in lieu of an injunction     432
Concluding thoughts     432
Further Reading     434
Self-Test Questions     434
Remedies III: Other non-compensatory remedies     435
Why might a non-compensatory remedy be desirable?     435
Restitution of money for total failure of basis     436
The user principle     441
Disgorgement of profit     445
Punitive damages for breach of contract?     450
Further Reading     454
Self-Test Questions     454
Bibliography     455
Index     463

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