Lead Your Business the Starbucks Way
Foreword by Herve Humler, President and COO, The Ritz-Carlton Hotel Company, L.L.C.
One of the best-recognized and admired brands in the world, Starbucks singlehandedly transformed the ordinary delivery of coffee into a cultural phenomenon—a result of the company’s exemplary leadership practices.
Joseph Michelli, author of the Wall Street Journal, USA Today, and BusinessWeek bestseller The Starbucks Experience, explains that the international success of Starbucks begins with a promise: To inspire and nurture the human spirit—one person, one cup, and one neighborhood at a time. Michelli offers a perspective on the leadership principles that drove the iconic coffee company’s resurgence from serious setbacks during the economic downturn—one of the few true turnaround stories of this time. And the company continues to grow dramatically, entering new markets and channels with fresh products and technologies.
In Leading the Starbucks Way, Michelli establishes five actionable principles that fuel long-term global sustainability at Starbucks and that can be used in any company, in any industry:
• Savor and Elevate
• Love to Be Loved
• Reach for Common Ground
• Mobilize the Connection
• Cherish and Challenge Your Legacy
Leading the Starbucks Way is a penetrating look at the inner workings of one of today’s most successful brands. The company gave Michelli one-on-one access to a variety of employees (called partners) to write this book—from baristas to senior leaders, including Howard Schultz, chairman, president, and chief executive officer.
In short, success is all about loving your product, loving your customers, and loving your employees. Sincerely. Without fail. Even in the face of business challenges.
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About the Author
Joseph A. Michelli is an organizational consultant who focuses on intersections of business, leadership, and workplace productivity. He is the bestselling author of The Starbucks Experience, The New Gold Standard, Prescription for Excellence, and The Zappos Experience. One of today’s leading thinkers on the topic of customer experience, Michelli also speaks to corporate audiences approximately 60 times a year.
Read an Excerpt
LEADING THE STARBUCKS WAY
5 Principles for Connecting with Your Customers, Your Products and Your People
By Joseph A. Michelli
McGraw-Hill EducationCopyright © 2014 Joseph A. Michelli
All rights reserved.
The Starbucks Connection
A couple in Switzerland make their first visit to a Starbucks(r) store and are welcomed enthusiastically. When asked what they'd like to have prepared for them, they both respond that they aren't there to make a purchase. They just want to see "what all the Starbucks fascination is about." They become regulars at that store.
A partner (as employees are called at Starbucks) shares how he was "moved" while attending the funeral of a regular customer. During the eulogy, the son of the deceased expressly mentioned the significance of those daily interactions between his father and that Starbucks partner.
A man sits alone at lunch in his favorite Starbucks store and tells a green apron–clad Starbucks barista (coffee preparer) that the store is his midday refuge, noting, "At Starbucks, you are nice to me, you remember me, and you seem genuinely grateful that I am here."
These actual stories exemplify a company whose leaders establish a compelling vision and manifest behaviors that culminate not only in product sales but in powerful, loyalty-rich human connections. You are probably looking into the pages of this book to essentially understand how "all this Starbucks fascination comes about." How do leaders at Starbucks strategically and tactically steward the company's products and people to build customer engagement, loyalty, advocacy, and even brand love? How do these leaders model and inspire excellence in product delivery, the creation of moments of authentic service, an enterprise-wide appreciation for the importance of shareholder value, and a contagious demonstration of social conscience? You are probably also interested in what Starbucks partners are doing to expand relationships beyond the café environment, how they leverage technology to enhance customer experiences, and the ways in which they customize offerings to address local desires across the globe. Ultimately, lessons from Starbucks leaders, managers, and frontline partners will teach you to build connections with those you serve to effectively enrich your business and personal life.
STARBUCKS: A LEADERSHIP BENCHMARK
Starbucks is consistently recognized as one of the world's most effectively led and beloved brands. For example, Entrepreneur magazine ranks the company among the 10 "most trusted" businesses, and Fortune magazine places it among the "most admired" global brands. Before delivering an important jobs speech, U.S. president Barack Obama placed a call to the president, chairman, and chief executive officer of Starbucks, Howard Schultz, because of Howard's leadership on job creation. Fortune magazine has named Howard Schultz as businessperson of the year, and other magazines have suggested that he is among the top tier of global leaders when it comes to his impact on business ethics. Leadership across all levels of the company has produced more than 54 million Facebook fans, and millions more follow the company on Twitter and Pinterest.
Most important, Starbucks leaders are responsible for substantial global economic and social impact as well as considerable workforce stewardship. Starbucks leaders guide more than 200,000 people who serve the more than 60 million weekly customers frequenting more than 18,000 stores in more than 60 countries worldwide.
My previous book about Starbucks, The Starbucks Experience: 5 Principles for Turning Ordinary into Extraordinary, looked at how Starbucks leaders positioned the company for meteoric growth through much of the 1990s and early 2000s. Following the publication of that book, Starbucks leaders faced challenges resulting from their frenzied speed of expansion, decisions they made to drive year-over-year sales numbers, the effects of a sliding global economy, and less frequent visits from loyal customers to Starbucks U.S. stores. In 2008, Howard Schultz, who had been serving as the chief global strategist for Starbucks, returned to the helm as the company's chief executive officer. At the fiscal 2008 second-quarter earnings conference call, when Howard was explaining a 21 percent earnings decline over the prior year period, he noted, "While our financial results are clearly being impacted by reduced frequency to our U.S. stores, we believe that as we continue to execute on the initiatives generated by our Transformation Agenda, we will reinvigorate the Starbucks Experience for our customers, and in doing so, deliver increased value to our shareholders."
Howard's "Transformation Agenda" is detailed in his 2011 book titled Onward: How Starbucks Fought for Its Life without Losing Its Soul. At its core, Starbucks leadership crafted a transition plan that established a forward-looking vision that enhanced the company's established mission. While the Starbucks mission was "to inspire and nurture the human spirit—one person, one cup and one neighborhood at a time," the transformation vision set an energizing and rallying objective, "to become an enduring, great company with one of the most recognized and respected brands in the world, known for inspiring and nurturing the human spirit."
Tactically, Starbucks leaders identified "seven bold moves" to focus on existing strengths and identify innovations and process improvement objectives that should position the company for long-term viability. Those bold moves were stated as follows:
1. Be the undisputed coffee authority.
2. Engage and inspire our partners.
3. Ignite the emotional attachment with our customers.
4. Expand our global presence—while making each store the heart of the local neighborhood.
5. Be the leader in ethical sourcing and environmental impact.
6. Create innovative growth platforms worthy of our coffee.
7. Deliver a sustainable economic model.
Adherence to these seven bold moves has resulted in desired financial outcomes, as evidenced by 13 consecutive quarters of global comparable store sales growth greater than 5%. While Starbucks was making its turnaround, global economic factors were triggering peak business failure rates, as Dun & Bradstreet reported: "The number of formal bankruptcy filings in the 12 months ending June 2010 ... increased by 10% ... and the year over year increase between 08 and 09 was 50%." Unlike the leaders of the proliferation of businesses that failed in 2008, 2009, and 2010, Starbucks leadership positioned the company for enduring profitability and brand respect.
This book, Leading the Starbucks Way, outlines the foundational principles that have guided Starbucks leaders during sustained periods of meteoric growth, economic downturn, recovery, and transformation. Like the tactical course defined in the Transformation Agenda, Leading the Starbucks Way looks at key strategies and tools that leaders are deploying to achieve sustainable success, particularly in the areas of product creation, category growth, international expansion, and technological and social media innovation. These guiding principles and strategies are presented in language consistent with the Starbucks culture, even though that language may be somewhat unusual for most leadership discussions. The foundation for Starbucks leadership is reflected in terms like connection, humanity, humility, passion, and, yes, even love.
WHAT'S LOVE GOT TO DO WITH IT—LEADING A HIGH-PERFORMANCE ORGANIZATION
When you're sitting across from Howard Schultz, it doesn't take long for him to get to the heart of leadership excellence. From Howard's perspective, much of leadership comes down to three traits: "Take love, humanity, and humility and then place it against a performance-driven organization; these are in conflict to the naked eye. But I believe that performance is significantly enhanced by this kind of leadership. I am so convinced of it because we have become more performance driven than at any other time in our history and the values of the company are at a high level. If we can infuse love, humanity, and humility on a global basis and build it into a performance-driven organization, we are unbeatable."
While Howard's views about positive emotional connections and high performance standards are somewhat unusual among CEOs of large corporations, that perspective is consistent with a groundswell of opinions and findings from leadership experts and researchers. Leadership author James Autry, for example, notes, "Good management is largely a matter of love. Or if you're uncomfortable with that word, call it caring, because proper management involves caring for people, not manipulating them." Professor Leonard Berry of Texas A&M summarizes decades of consumer research by noting, "Great brands always make an emotional connection with the intended audience. They reach beyond the purely rational and purely economic level to spark feelings of closeness, affection, and trust. Consumers live in an emotional world; their emotions influence their decisions. Great brands transcend specific product features and benefits and penetrate people's emotions."
Consumers are not the only ones who "live in an emotional world." Employees do so as well. Starbucks demonstrates, and research confirms, high levels of partner (employee) engagement, retention, and productivity when supervisors positively penetrate the emotions of those they lead.
At Starbucks, leadership champions the human connection in all aspects of business. Additionally, leaders build their business strategies based on opportunities that emerge from connections with partners, customers, communities, and shareholders. Ultimately, they manage through a lens of humanity and high performance expectations.
STANDARDS, OPPORTUNITY, AND CONNECTION: FORGING A HOLISTIC LEADERSHIP APPROACH
This book shares essential principles used by Starbucks leaders as they forge emotional connections that drive innovation, grow new business product lines, and foster employee and customer loyalty. These principles are especially relevant in a service world that has been revolutionized by mobile technology, social media, and increasing consumer choice. Each principle is outcome-focused and is easily applied, no matter where your business is in its developmental journey. The principles in Leading the Starbucks Way are the result of more than two years of research spanning all regions that Starbucks serves. Access was granted to leaders and partners at all levels of the company. More than 500 hours of interviews and research produced the following five leadership principles:
1. Savor and elevate.
2. Love to be loved.
3. Reach for common ground.
4. Mobilize the connection.
5. Cherish and challenge your legacy.
Executing on these principles produces powerful bonds with employees, customers, suppliers, and even noncustomers. In turn, these operational and emotional bonds will help any leader achieve sustainable profits, increase brand equity, and fuel online and offline stories of loyalty and love.
One such story involves Diana Kelly, a Starbucks district manager who ran across a circumstance that she had seldom encountered in her suburban location of Fredericksburg, Virginia—a homeless man in her store. Rather than treating that man, Dominic, as an unwanted intrusion in her business operation, Diana bought him a hot chocolate and asked him about his life. To her surprise, she found that he lived in a makeshift homeless encampment in a nearby woods. Diana and several other Starbucks store managers and baristas decided to go to the woods to "connect with" and serve Dominic and dozens of people like him.
Based on those experiences, Diana and her team shared stories from the homeless camp with customers and leveraged their customer connections by placing collection bins in each of the 14 stores in Diana's district. The bins became a repository for items like toothbrushes, toiletries, and clothing for distribution at the homeless camp. A local businessman (and Starbucks customer) donated the necessary funds and found a local attorney to help this grassroots community effort become an actual nonprofit organization called Project Dominic.
Why did Diana take an interest in Dominic? What good could possibly come out of such an act, particularly as it relates to Starbucks sustainable profits, brand equity, and love? While I suspect that her initial intentions were based on nothing more than a genuine concern for Dominic irrespective of his ability to produce a visible impact on a Starbucks cash register, Starbucks benefited from Diana's willingness to offer Dominic a few moments of human connection.
Specifically, Starbucks partners in Fredericksburg have had the benefit of making a tangible difference in their community and engaging regular customers. Those partners and customers have been enriched through the chance to work together for good. Finally, without Diana and her team ever meaning for this to be a benefit, people close to and far away from Virginia are reading about and being inspired to engage in actions like those that began so humbly in Fredericksburg. Writing in The Washington Post, columnist Petula Dvorak noted, "The City Council called for hearings and solutions. Some residents demanded that all the homeless be rounded up and jailed. The leaders at Micah Ministries, a Christian outreach program that provides social services, asked for calm and understanding.... [Diana and Project Dominic] bring hundreds of supply bags into the woods and, with each delivery, try to talk the folks into going to one of the city's outreach centers for counseling, medical care and shelter. They are helping more than 200 people." Call it what you want—kindness, compassion, or love. I call it the Starbucks connection and leading the Starbucks way!
My hope is that this book helps you, as a leader in your organization, build and grow your business through a genuine relational strategy, guided by the leadership excellence of individuals like Howard Schultz and his team at Starbucks. In so doing, you will not only drive success and profitability but develop a significant and purposeful business anchored in engaging and compassionate leadership practices.
If You Don't Have Passion for Your Product, Why Should Your Customer?
Only passions, great passions, can elevate the soul to great things.
Denis Diderot, French philosopher
Many books and articles suggest that with the right techniques, anyone can sell anything. The authors of these works seem to imply that you can be successful at selling any product, even if you do not particularly like what you sell. Certainly, some entrepreneurs achieve success without having a positive emotional connection with their goods or services. Steve Chou, the founder of Bumblebee Linens, reports that his online store went from zero earnings to more than $100,000 profit in a single year, despite the fact that he was "not terribly passionate about wedding linens. Decorative pieces of fabric don't really make me excited and to be honest, I'm not in love with what we sell.... When my wife and I first started our business, it was all about the numbers and whether the business could make enough money so my wife could quit her job."
Even Tony Hsieh, the CEO of Zappos, a company I wrote about in my book The Zappos Experience: 5 Principles to Inspire, Engage, and WOW, notes that he is "not passionate about shoes at all." Despite running a company that has an inventory of more than 50,000 varieties of shoes, Tony has reported he owns three pair. Instead, Tony acknowledges that he is "passionate about customer service and company culture," which may be why Zappos has reached a level of success that most other stores that just sell shoes have not.
While passion for the product may not be necessary for sales success, it certainly differentiates sales leaders from most of their competitors. Additionally, employee passion for the product fuels the emotional engagement of customers and facilitates sustainability. Sales consultant Troy Harrison defines the link between employee passion and customer engagement by suggesting, "Passion is the indefinable something that creates and builds interest and excitement on the part of the customer." From Troy's perspective, customer excitement emerges when your people have "a need to make buyers feel the same excitement" that they do. To achieve that level of customer enthusiasm, Troy suggests you have to first sell yourself "on your products or services. If you were in the position of a target customer, would you buy? ... All else is meaningless."
Excerpted from LEADING THE STARBUCKS WAY by Joseph A. Michelli. Copyright © 2014 Joseph A. Michelli. Excerpted by permission of McGraw-Hill Education.
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