This book contains assessments, management options and challenges for individuals with learning disabilities. Chapter One reviews whether there is enough clinical-epidemiological evidence to support the definition of dyscalculia as a nosological category. Chapter Two examines current findings and scientific evidence that is needed to better understand metacognitive ability in higher education students with learning disorders. Chapter Three discusses the importance of hearing loss identification and rehabilitation, aimed at professionals across different disciplines and also as a starting point for those new to the audiology profession. Chapter Four details a piece of original qualitative research, designed to improve audiological issues for adults with learning disabilities and hearing loss who are supported by paid caregivers. Chapter Five focuses on the examination of the major deficits of reading in English and Chinese writing systems; reviews instructional methods to the sub-types of students with reading disabilities; and introduces recent developments in teaching programs for students with reading disabilities. Chapter Six discusses the impact of challenging behaviour on families and provides avenues for support. Chapter Seven shows the way Ariel University in Israel is dealing with the goal of giving students with learning disabilities an opportunity of being part of society and the academic world. Chapter Eight examines whether and to what extent academic institutions integrate students with high-functioning autism.