Learning to Become Turkmen: Literacy, Language, and Power, 1914-2014

Learning to Become Turkmen: Literacy, Language, and Power, 1914-2014

by Victoria Clement

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Overview

Learning to Become Turkmen examines the ways in which the iconography of everyday life—in dramatically different alphabets, multiple languages, and shifting education policies—reflects the evolution of Turkmen society in Central Asia over the past century. As Victoria Clement shows, the formal structures of the Russian imperial state did not affect Turkmen cultural formations nearly as much as Russian language and Cyrillic script. Their departure was also as transformative to Turkmen politics and society as their arrival.
            Complemented by extensive fieldwork, Learning to Become Turkmen is the first book in a Western language to draw on Turkmen archives, as it explores how Eurasia has been shaped historically. Revealing particular ways that Central Asians relate to the rest of the world, this study traces how Turkmen consciously used language and pedagogy to position themselves within global communities such as the Russian/Soviet Empire, the Turkic cultural continuum, and the greater Muslim world.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780822964636
Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Press
Publication date: 05/11/2018
Series: Central Eurasia in Context Series
Edition description: 1
Pages: 302
Sales rank: 1,107,509
Product dimensions: 6.00(w) x 9.00(h) x 1.00(d)

About the Author

Victoria Clement is a regional analyst for Professional Solutions at the Center for Advanced Operational Culture Learning at Marine Corps University whose research focuses on Central Asia and Turkey, with an emphasis on Turkmenistan. She is a former research fellow at the Woodrow Wilson Center for International Scholars in Washington, DC, and former professor at the Naval Postgraduate School in Monterey, CA. Clement is a founding member of the Central Eurasian Studies Society.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments ix

Note on Transliteration xi

Introduction 3

Chapter 1 Jadid-Inspired Paths to Modernity, 1914-1917 17

Chapter 2 Partners in Progress: Turkmen Intellectuals in Soviet Space, 1917-1930 37

Chapter 3 From the ABCs to the ABCs of Communism, 1930-1953 68

Chapter 4 Speaking Soviet, 1954-1984 91

Chapter 5 From Happy Socialism to Independence, 1985-1996 112

Chapter 6 Altyn Asyr Nesli: Nyýazow's Golden Generation, 1996-2006 137

Chapter 7 The Era of Might and Happiness, 2007-2014 160

Conclusion 173

Notes 181

Bibliography 229

Index 255

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