Do members of Congress follow through on the appeals they make in campaigns? The answer to this question lies at the heart of assessments of democratic legitimacy. This study demonstrates that, contrary to the conventional wisdom that candidates' appeals are just "cheap talk," campaigns actually have a lasting legacy in the content of representatives' and senators' behavior in office. Legislators face clear incentives to offer sincere claims in their campaigns, so their appeals often serve as good signals about the issues they will pursue in Congress. Levels of promise-keeping vary in a systematic fashion across legislators, across types of activity, across time, and across chamber. Moreover, legislators' responsiveness to their appeals shapes their future electoral fortunes and career choices, and their activity on their campaign themes leaves a tangible trace in public policy outputs. Understanding the dynamics of promise-keeping thus has important implications for our evaluations of the quality of campaigns and the strength of representation in the United States.
|Publisher:||Cambridge University Press|
|Product dimensions:||6.10(w) x 9.10(h) x 0.80(d)|
About the Author
Tracy Sulkin is Associate Professor in the Department of Political Science at the University of Illinois, Urbana-Champaign. She is the author of Issue Politics in Congress, which won the American Political Science Association's Fenno Prize for the best book in legislative studies. Her work has appeared in leading journals such as the American Political Science Review, the Journal of Politics and Legislative Studies Quarterly.
Table of Contents
1. Promises to keep?; 2. Campaigns as signals; 3. Campaign appeals and legislative activity; 4. Mechanisms underlying promise-keeping; 5. Promise-making and promise-keeping on defense and environmental issues; 6. The who, when, and where of follow-through; 7. The electoral implications of promise-keeping; 8. Promises and policymaking; 9. Representation, responsiveness, and the electoral connection.