Lemonade Stand

Lemonade Stand

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Overview

Lemonade Stand by Maurice Mitchell, G. Preston

The Lemonade Stand calls on architects, development workers and students to experience the process of building first hand. It shows how group building courses run at the Centre for Alternative Technology using unfamiliar materials have generated skills, techniques and forms mirrored in the world of vernacular architecture, communal building and self help shelter construction around the world.

The author demonstrates the educational potential of making full size models in working groups. By combining the theory and practice of designing and building, new insights into the way in which technical and cultural dynamics merge to form a language of making can be acquired and applied in practice.

Essential reading for students of community architecture, self help builders and for those wishing to gain confidence in design and construction through 'hands on' experience. Schools of Architecture will find this a useful text book for 'learning by building' courses. Development agencies, project planners and field workers wishing to support and develop communal building technologies using local skills and resources will find the methods and insights covered by this book invaluable in the preparation of appropriate training courses.

Comfort, structural and construction issues are considered using precedent to inform and expand the practical course programme. The book is divided into chapters covering Earth and Stone Enclosures; Heavy Suspended Floors and Flat Roofs; Sprung Timber Roofs; Sawn Timber Shorts; Frames and Joints: Thin Shells of Ferrocment; Blanket and Pebble Buildings; and Small Scale Modelling.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9781902175775
Publisher: New Society Publishers
Publication date: 08/01/2001
Pages: 180
Product dimensions: 7.96(w) x 9.74(h) x 0.52(d)

Table of Contents

Foreword
Introduction: Simulation and modelling set in a larger context1
About the book1
Culture, climate, technology and building form3
The mangle of human and material agency6
Recognition and precedent studies7
Educational exploration using simulation, analogy and modelling15
Chapter 1.Earth and stone enclosures17
Programme17
Process18
Thick walled vaulted cell18
Gabion plinth18
Thin walled earth pepperpot19
Precedent20
(1)Openings in thick earth and stone walls20
(2)Stiffening and weatherproofing earth and stone walls26
(3)Roofing with earth and stone32
Chapter 2.Heavy suspended walls and flat roofs45
Programme45
Potential solutions45
Process46
Precedent47
Joist block floors48
Stabilised laterite or sand/cement blockwork51
Chapter 3.Sprung timber roofs59
Programme59
Process59
Sawn timber humbug59
Hammock and canopy from branches, straw and string61
Precedent63
Long flat bendy laths64
Long bendy pipes66
Woven branches67
Size, lightness, mobility, permanence and bending68
Curved bamboo mantles71
Chapter 4.Sawn timber shorts75
Programme75
Suspended floor75
Lamella roof76
Process77
Suspended floor from scrap timber77
Precedent81
Roof coffering81
Hammer beams83
Cruck frames84
Hardwood shorts85
Lamella87
Chapter 5.Frames and joints89
Programme89
Process91
Two-storey frame using sawn timber and round pole timber91
Pole frame supporting a water tank (The Lemonade Stand)93
Hazel and willow lattice roof canopy96
Precedent98
American railway trestle bridges98
Sheds of bolted teak poles99
Retrofit wired bamboo earthquake resistant cages101
Chapter 6.Thin shells of ferrocement103
Programme103
Process107
Ferrocement domed shell107
Ferrocement troughed beam and barrel vault roofing109
Ferrocement troughed roofing sheets111
Precedent112
Ferrocement boats112
Ferrocement and rainwater collection116
Micro-concrete tiles; fibre-cement sheets and ferrocement roofing elements121
Chapter 7.Sparrow, leaf, blanket and pebble buildings125
Programme125
Sparrows126
Leaves127
Pebbles128
Caves128
Blankets129
Process129
The watchtower129
Birdwatcher's hide129
Woodcutter's kitchen131
Precedent132
Segal sparrow and leaf132
Two-storey blanket and pebble buildings133
Resting in a group of pepperpots134
Chapter 8.Small scale modelling135
Programme135
(1)Shell structures (matrix and mesh models)135
(2)Frame structures (dinosaur models)136
Process137
(1)Shell structures (matrix and mesh models)137
(2)Frame structures (dinosaur models)140
Precedent142
Shells142
Ribs and stringers142
Tied membranes142
Roofing shells143
The caged monocoque143
Suspended parabolic vaults143
Soft centred shells144
Sailing boats144
Skeletons and tendons144
Chapter 9.Ending on a high note145
Programme145
Process146
The articulated armadillo's back146
Precedent153
Log cabin assembly153
Learning by building in the United States154
Annotated bibliography157
Glossary169
Index175

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