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Joseph Peterson has translated many esoteric and religious sourceworks. He has amassed a large collection of copies of rare and occult tracts for comparative research from the British Library and other institutions, which he shares at his award-winning websites www.esotericarchives.com and www.avesta.org.
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The Lesser Key of Solomon
Lemegeton Clavicula Salomonis
By Joseph H. Peterson
Red Wheel/Weiser, LLCCopyright © 2001 Joseph H. Peterson
All rights reserved.
Of The Arte Goetia
[Of the seventy-two infernal spirits evoked and constrained by King Salomon]
The first principall spirit is a king ruling in ye East, called Bael. He maketh men goe Invisible, he ruleth over 66 Legions of Inferiour spirits, he appeareth in divers shapes, sometimes like a Catt, sometimes like a Toad, sometimes like a man, & sometimes in all these formes at once. He speaketh very horsly. This is his Character wch is to be worne as a Lamen before him who calleth him forth, or else he will not doe you homage.
The second spirit is a Duke called Agares, he is under ye power of ye East and cometh up in the form of a fair Old man riding upon a Crocodill, very mildly, carrying a goshawke on his fist. He maketh them runne that stand still, and fetcheth back ye runnawayes. He can teach all Languages or Tongues presently, he hath the power also to destroy dignities, both supernaturall & Temporall; & cause Earthquakes. He was of the order of Vertues; he hath under his government 31 Legions &c: & this is [his] seale or Character wch is to be worne as [a] Lamen.
The Third spirit is a mighty prince, being of ye same Nature as Agares, he is called Vassago, This spirit is of a good nature, & his office is to declare things past and to come; and to discover all things hidden or lost &c: he governeth 26 Legions of spirits. This is his seal.
The 4th spirit is called Gamigin, a great Marquise, he appereth in ye forme of a litle horse or asse and then into humane shape he putteth himself at ye request of ye Master and speaketh wth a horse voice; he teaches all Liberall siences, and giveth and account of ye dead soules of them that dye in sin. & he ruleth over 30 Legions of Inferiors &c. This is his seal, wch is to be worne by the Magician when he Invocateth.
The 5th spirit is called Marbas—he is a great presedent, and appeareth at first in ye forme of a great Lyon: but afterwards putteth on humane shape at ye Request of ye Master. He Answareth truly of Things hidden or secreet, he causeth deseases and cureth them againe & giveth great wisdome & knowledge in mechanicall arts, & changeth men into other shapes. He governeth 36 Legions of spirits. His seal is thus.
The 6th spirit is Valefar — he is a Mighty Duke, & appeareth in ye form of a Lion wh a mans head Lowring, he is a good femiliar, but tempteth those he is femiliar with to steale, he governeth 10 Legions of spirets, this is his seal to worne constantly if you haue his familiarity. Else not.
The 7th spirit is Amon. He is a Marquis great in power & most strong, he at first appereth like a wolf with a serpents taile, vomiting out of his Mouth fleames of fire, but at ye command of ye Magician he putteth on ye shape of a man, with dogs Teeth beset in a head like a Raven, or in a Ravens Head, hee telleth [of] all things past & to come, and procureth love, and reconcileth controversies between freinds & foes, & governeth 40 Legions of spirits, his seal is thus, wch is to be worne as afforesaid.
The 8th spirit is called Barbatos he is a great duke & appeareth when ye [??] is [??] in , with four Noble kings and their companions in great troops, he giveth ye understanding of ye singing of Birds, and ye voice of other Creatures and ye [such as] barking of dogs &c, he breaketh hidden treasures open, that have been Laid by ye Enchantment of Magicians, & [he was] of ye order of vertues, [of] which some part beareth rule still &c he knoweth all things past and to come: and reconsileth friends & those that are in power, he ruleth over 30 Legions of spirits, his seal of obedience is this, wch were before you &c.
The 9th spirit in order is Paimon; a great king, & very Obedient to Lucifer, he appeareth in ye forme of a man, sitting one a dromedary, wh a Crowne most glorious on his head. Three [There] goeth before him a host of spirits like men with Trumpets and well sounding Cymballs, and all other sorts of musicall Instruments &c. He hath a great voice, and roareth at his first comming, and his speech [voice] is such as ye Magician cannot well understand, unless he compelleth him. This spirit can teach all arts and siences, and other secret Things; he can discover wt ye Earth is, and wt holdeth it up in ye waters, & wt ye wind is or where it is, or any other Thing yu desire to know, he giveth dignity and confirmeth ye same, he bindeth or maketh a man subject to ye Magician if he desireth it he giveth good familiars, and such as can teach all arts, he is to be observed towards ye North west, he is of ye order of dominions and hath 200 Legions of spirits under him, one part of them is of ye order of Angells & ye other of Potestates [Potentates], If yu call this spirit Paimon alone yu must make him some offering to him & there will attend him 2 kings called Bebal & Abalam, & other spirits of ye order of Potestates [Potentates] in his host are 25 Legions because all those spirits wch are subject to him, are not allwayes wth him unlesse ye Magician compelleth them, This is his Character.
The 10th spirit is Buer, a great president and appereth in [??] that is his shape when ye [??] is there, he teacheth Phylosophy [both] Morall & Naturall, & ye Logicall arts, & ye vertues of all hearbes & plants, & healeth all distempers in Man, & giveth <familiars> good familiars, he governeth over 50 Legions of spirits and this is his seale of obediance whc you must weare when you call him to apperance.
The 11th spirit is a great & strong duke called Gusoin, he appeareth like a Xenophilus he telleth of all things past, present & to come: he sheweth ye meaning of all questions you can ask, he reconcileth friends and giveth honour and dignity to any, and ruleth over 40 Legions of Spirits. His seal is this, wch weare as aforesaid &c.
The 12th spirit is Sitri, he is a great prince & appeareth at first with a Leopards face, and wings as a griffin. But afterwards at ye command of ye exorcist, he putteth on a humane shape very Beautifull, Inflaming Men with womens Love, and women with mens love, and causeth them to shew themselves Naked, if he [it] be desired, &c. He governeth 60 Legions of spirits, and his seal to be worne is this.
The 13 spirit is called Beleth [Bileth], he is a mighty king and terrable, ridding on a pale horse wth Trumpets and all other kinds of Musicall In struments playing before him, he is very furious at his first apperance That is whilest ye Exorcist allay his Courage, for to doe that, he must hold a hazel stick in his hand, streched forth towards ye South & East quarters making a Triangle without ye Circle, commanding him into it by ye vertue of ye Bonds & chaines of spirits hereafter following, & if he doe not come into ye ? by your Threats, rehearse ye Bounds & chaines before him, and then he will yeild obediance and come into it and do what he is commanded by ye Eorcist [Exorcist], yet he must receive him courteously, because he is a great king & doe homage to him, as the kings and princes doe that attend him, and you must [also] have allwayes a silver Ring on the middle finger of the left hand, held against your face as they do for Amaimon, This king Beleth causeth all ye love that possible may be, both of Men and women till ye Master Eorcist [Exorcist] hath had his mind fullfilled &c. He is of the order of Powers and governeth 85 Legions of spirits, his Noble seal is this wch is to be worne before you in the Time of working.
The 14th spirit is called Leraye (or Leraje) [written intra linea]. He is a Marquize great in power shewing him selfe in ye likeness of an archer, cladd in green carrying [carrying] a Bow and quier, he causeth all great Battles & contests, & causeth ye wounds to putrifie that are [made] wth arrows by archers this belongeth to [??] he governeth 30 Legions of spirits, & his seale of obediance is this.
The 15th spirit is called Eligor, a great duke, he appeareth in [the] form of a goodly knight carring a lance an Ensigne & a serpent, he discovereth hidden Things & knoweth things to come, &of warres and how the soulders will & shall meet, he causeth the love of Lords and great persons, and governeth 60 Legions of spirits, his seal is thus, wch wear or else he will not appear nor obey you &fc.
The 16th spirit is called Zepar, he is a great duke & appeareth in red apparell & armed like a souldier, his office is to cause women to love Men and to bring them togather in love he also maketh them barren, and governeth [over] 26 Legions of Inferiour spirits, his seal is this, wch he obeyeth when he seeth it.
The 17th spirit is called Botis a great president and an Earle; he appeareth at ye [first] shew in ye form of an ugly viper Then at ye command of ye Magician he putteth on humane shape, with great teeth, Two horns, carring a sharp bright sword in his hand, he telleth of all Things past and to come and reconcileth friends and foes, he governeth 60 Legions of spirits his seal is this, that he obeyeth when he seeth it.
The 18th spirit is called Bathin, he is a mighty [and] strong duke & appeareth like a strong man wth ye Taile of a serpent, sitting on a planc paile couloured horse he knoweth the vertue of hearbes & precious stones, & can transport men suddenly from one Country into an other, he ruleth over 30 Legions of spirits his seal is thus to be made and to be worne before you.
The 19th spirit is called Saleos [Sallos], he is a great and mighty duke, & appeareth in [the] form of a gallant souldier, ridding on a Crocodile, wth a dukes crowne on his head peaceably he causeth ye love of women to men & men to women, he governeth 30 Legions of spirits his seal is this, wch must be worne before you.
The 20th spirit is called Purson a great king; he appeareth commonly like a man wth a Lyons face, carring a cruel viper in his hand, and ridding on a Bear goeing before him [are] many Trumpets sounding; he knoweth hid den things and can discover Treasures & tell all Things present past and to come; he can take a Body either humane or aiery, and answareth Truly of all Earthly Things, both secreet & devine, & of ye Creation of ye world, he bringeth forth good familiars, & under his government [power] are 22 Legions of spirits, partly of ye order ofvertues & partly of ye order of Thrones, & his mark or seal is this, wch he oweth obediance to & [which] must be worne by ye Exorcist in [the] Time of acction.
The 21 spirit is called Morax [Marax] he is a great Earle and a president, he appeareth like a great Bull wth a mans face; his office is: to make men very knowling [sic] in Astronomy, and all ye other Liberall siences; he can give good familiars and [very] wise, weh know ye vertues of hearbes & precious stones he governeth 36 Legions of spirits, & his seal is to be made Thus and worne [as aforesaid].
The 22d spirit is called Ipos—, he is an Earl and a mighty prince, and appeareth in ye forme of an angel, wth a Lions head gooses feet & a haires Taite, he knoweth Things past and to come; he maketh Men witty and bold, and governeth 36 Legions of spirits, his seal or Charecter is This, wch must be worne as a Lamen before you.
The 23d spirit is called Aim, a greatt duke and strong, he appeareth in ye forme of a very handsome man in Body, [but] wth 3 heads, The first like a serpent ye second like a man wth 2 starrs in his forehead, The Third [head] is lik [sic] a Catt; he rideeth on a viper, carring a fire brand in his hand burning, whereth [wherewith] he sets Citties Castles & great places on fire he maketh one witty [in] all manner of wayes, and giveth true answares to privy matters, he governeth 26 Legions of Infernall spirits; his seal is thus to be made, and worne as a Lamen before you.
The 24th spirit is called Naberius, he is a most valliant Marquiz, & appeareth in ye forme of a Black Crow, fluttering about the Circle, & when he speaketh it is with a hoarse voice; he maketh men cunning in all arts & siences, but especially in ye art [of] Rhetoric; he restoreth lost dignity and honours, & governeth 19 Legions of spirits his seal is this, wch must be worne.
The 25th spirit is called Glasya Labolas, he is a Mighty president& sheweth him selfe in ye forme of a dog wth wings like a griffin; he teacheth all arts in a sudden an Instant, and is an author of Blood shed & Manslaughter, he telleth all Things past & to come, if desired, & causeth love of friends and foes; he can make a Man goe Invisible, & he hath under his rule 36 Legions of spirits, his seal is this, ye wch weare [must be worn] as a Lamin.
The 26th spirit is called Bune [or Bime], he is a strong, great & mighty duke, & appeareth in ye forme of a Dragon wth three heads, one like a dog, The other like a griffin; The 3d like a man, he speaketh with a high & comely voice, he changeth ye places of ye dead, & causeth those spirits that are under him, to gather together upon their sepulcheres, he giveth Riches to a man & maketh him wise & eloquent, he giveth true Answards to yr demands, & govemeth 30 Legions of spirits, his seal is this wch he owneth [oweth] obedience to.
& Nota he hath another seal or Character wch is made Thus, yu may use wch yu will, but ye first is best as Salomon saith.
The 27th spirit is called Ronove, he appeareth in ye forme of a Monster, he teacheth ye art of Rhetorick very well, and giveth good servants knowledge of Tongues, favouer of friends & foes; he is a Marquiz & a great Earle, and there obeieth him [he commandeth] 19 Legions of spirits his seal is this.
The 28th spirit in order as Salomon bound them, is named Berith. he is a Mighty great and terrable duke, he hath two other Names given to him by men of latter Times, viz: Beal & Bolfry, he appeareth like a souldier wth red clothing, ridding on a red horse & [having] a Crown of Gold upon his head he giveth True answares of things [concerning the] past present & to come; you [must] use a Ring as is before spoken of [with] Beleth in calling him forth; he can turne all mettals into Gold, he can give dignity & [can] confirm them to Men, he speaketh wth a very clear & subtill voice, he is a great Lyer and not to be Trusted much he governeth over 26 Legions of spirits his seal is this which must be worne as [a] lamin.
The 29th spirit in order is Named Astarothy, he is a Mighty & strong duke, & appeareth in [the] forme of an unbeautifull angel, ridding on an Infernall like dragon, and carring in his right hand a viper (you must not lett him come to neare yu least he doe yu damage by his stinking Breath.) Therefore ye Exorcist must hold ye Magicall Ring nere to his face and yt will defend him he giveth true answares of things present past & to come & can discover all secreets; he will declare willingly how ye spirits fell, if desired, & ye reason of his own fall. He can make men wounderfull knowing in all Liberall siences; he ruleth 40 Legions of spirits, his seal is as this [shown], wch weare as a Lamen before yu, or else he will not obey you.
The 30th spirit is called Forneus, he is a mighty great Marquiz, & appeareth in ye forme of a great sea Monster, he Teacheth & maketh men wounderfull knowing in ye art of Rhetoric he causeth men to have a good Name, and to have ye understanding of Tongues; he maketh men to be beloved of their foes as well as they be by their Friends; & he governeth 29 Legions of spirits, partly of ye order of Thrones and partly of angels, his seal is this to be made and worne as aforesaid &.
The 31 spirit in order, [as Salomon saith], is named Foras, he is a mighty great president & appeareth in ye form of a strong man, in humane shape he can give ye understanding to men how they may know ye vertues of all hearbs & precious stones, & [he] teacheth them ye art [of] Logick & Ethicks in All their partes if desired, he maketh men Invisible, witty, Eloquent & to live Long; he [can] discover Treasures and recover Things lost, &he ruleth over 29 Legions of spirits, his seale or Character is thus to be made & worne as a Lamen.
The 32d spirit in order is called Asmoday. He is a great king, strong & powerfull, he appeareth wth 3 heads, whereof ye first is like a Bull The second like a Man, The third like a Ram, [he appeareth also] wth a serpents Taile, Belching or vomitting up flames of fire out of his mouth his feet are webed like a Goose, he sitteth on an Infernall dragon carring a Launce and a flagg in his hands, he is ye first & chifiest under ye power of Amaymon, & goeth before all others: when the Exorcist hath a mind to call him, lett it be abroad, and lett him stand on his feet all ye Time of action, wth his cap of [off], for if it be on, Amaymon will deceive him and cause all his doeing to be bewrayed [divulged], But as soone as ye Exorist [Exorcist] seeth Asmoday in ye shape aforesaid, he shall call him by his Name, saying, thou art Asmoday, & he will not deny it; & by & by he will bow down to ye ground &c he giveth ye Ring of vertues he teacheth ye art of Arithmitic, geomitry, Astronomy and all [other] handicrafts absolutely; he giveth full & True answares to yr demands, he maketh a man Invisible, he showeth ye place where Treasures layeth, and guardeth it if it be among ye Legion of Amaymon, he governeth 72 Legions of Inferiour spirits, his seal is thus to be made and worne as a Lamen before [thee] on your Breast.
The 33d spirit is Gaap. He is a great president & a mighty Prince, he appeareth when ye [??] is in some of ye Southern Signes, in a humane shape, goeing before 4 great & mighty kings, as if he was a guide to conduct them along in their way. His office is to make men knowing in Phylosophy and all ye Liberal! siences; he can cause love or hatred, and make men Insensible he can Teach yu how to consecrate those Things that belong to ye dominion of Amaymon his king & can dilever [deliver] familiers out of the custody of other Magicians; and [he also] answareth Truly and perfectly of Things past present and to come, & can carry and recarry [men] most speedily from one kingdome to another, at ye will and pleasure of [the] Exorcist, he ruleth over 66 Legions of spirits he was of ye order of potestates [potentates]; his seal is thus to be made & worne as a Lamen &c.
Excerpted from The Lesser Key of Solomon by Joseph H. Peterson. Copyright © 2001 Joseph H. Peterson. Excerpted by permission of Red Wheel/Weiser, LLC.
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Table of Contents
Preface from Harley 6483
Part I: Of the Arte Goetia
Part II: The Art Theurgia Goetia
Part III: The Art Pauline of King Salomon
Part IV: Salomon's Almadel Art
Part V: Ars Notoria: The Notary Art of Salomon
Appendix 1: Addenda found in Sloane 2731 and 3648
Appendix 2: Johann Weyer's Pseudomonarchia daemonum
Appendix 3: Comparison of Goetia with Weyer
Appendix 4: Other examples of some of the drawings
Most Helpful Customer Reviews
Compiled from original manuscripts and fragments in the British Museum Library. This is the most complete version available of this classic grimoire, or magician's handbook. All five books are included (Goetia, Theurgia Goetia, Pauline Art, Ars Almadel, and Ars Notoria). All the original drawings -- magical circles, tools, and seals of the spirits -- are included from the best manuscript. I have also included complete critical apparatus, introduction, preface from Harley manuscript 6483 ('The definition of magic'), index, and four appendices. Appendix 1: Addenda found in Sloane 2731 and 3648 relating to some of the magical diagrams; Appendix 2: Johann Weyer's Pseudomonarchia daemonum (complete Latin text with English translation); Appendix 3: Comparison of Goetia with Weyer; Appendix 4: Other examples of some of the drawings (including notae missing from earlier editions) from other manuscripts and printed sources. The publisher, Red Wheel/Weiser, did a fantastic job on this edition, with high quality embossed binding and alkaline paper.
The book contains a lot of information but there are also points that are unexplained. Ex. It uses abbreviations for metals in the form of symbols and it doesn't explain what these symbols mean. The reader has to look up what they don't know.
All Peterson's grimoire editions are top-notch.