In authoritative, nonpolemical essays on some of the latest and most contentious issues surrounding the Holocaust, the contributors to this volume revisit some topics central to Holocaust studies, such as the stance of the papacy and the concern about the uses to which the meaning of the Holocaust has been put, while expanding research into less-examined areas such as propriety, sexuality, and proximity.
Variously concerned with issues of guilt and victimization, the essays examine individuals like Pius XII and Romano Guardini and the institutions of organized religion as well as the roles of the Jewish Councils and the retributive judicial proceedings in Hungary. They reveal that victimization within the Holocaust experience is surprisingly open-ended, with Jewish women doubly victimized by their gender; postwar Germans viewing themselves as the epoch's greatest victims; Poles, whether Jewish or not, victimized beyond others because of their proximity to the epicenter of the Holocaust; and German university students corrupted by ideological inculcation and racist propaganda.
Though offering no "positive lessons" or comforting assurances, these essays add to the ongoing examination of Holocaust consequences and offer insightful analyses of facets previously minimized or neglected. Together they illustrate that matters of gender, sexuality, and proximity are crucial for shaping perceptions of a Holocaust reality that will always remain elusive.
About the Author
Larry V. Thompson, a specialist in twentieth-century Central European history, is a professor of history at the United States Naval Academy.
Table of Contents
Theodore Zev Weiss, Foreword
Larry V. Thompson, Introduction
Laurence L. Langer, Preempting the Holocaust
Robert Melson, Problems in the Comparison of the Armenian Genocide and the Holocaust
Doris L. Bergen, Religion and the Holocaust: Some Reflections
Michael Phayer, The Holocaust in the Shadow of the Cold War: Moral Questions about Papal Policy
Robert A. Krieg, To Nostra Aetate: Martin Buber and Romano Guardini
Ruth Bettina Birn, War Crimes Prosecutions: An Exercise in Justice? A Lesson in History?
Randolph L. Braham, The National Trials Relating to the Holocaust in Hungary: An Overview
Piotr Wróbel, Hitler's Helpers? The Judenräte Controversy
Marion Kaplan, Gender: A Crucial Tool in Holocaust Research
Atina Grossman, Trauma, Memory, and Motherhood: Germans and Jewish Displaced Persons in Post-Nazi Germany, 1945-1949
Tomasz Kranz, Between Planning and Implementation: The Lublin District and Majdanek Camp in Nazi Policy
Geoffrey J. Giles, Confirming Their Prejudices: German University Students and Himmler's Resettlement Program
Jeffrey Lesser, Visions of the Other: Stereotypes, Survival, and the Refugee Question in Brazil
Notes on Contributors