Improvements are essential to make Alaska government work. A convention can do what the legislature cannot or will not. The Right fears a Left take over; the Left fears the same from the Right. Havelock, a former Attorney General, and Director of Legal Studies for the University believes: the Center will hold.
Reduce money in politics and fix the "Citizens United" problem through shareholder protection.
Bring permanence and stability to the Permanent Fund Dividend.
Expand K-12 education, using the non-profit sector, to "one plus" K-12 education.
Define the "rainy day" when Permanent Fund receipts can be used to support the state budget.
Require a public vote on potential "bridge to nowhere" projects.
Combine Alaska's 20 Senators and 40 Representatives into one legislature with 60 members representing 60 smaller districts.
Get rid of partisan gerrymandering. Create an independent reapportionment board.
Create an independent Office of Inspector General to be a watchdog over official misconduct and to oversee elections.
Establish privacy rights against giant corporations.
Convert UAA into Alaska State University.
Open the initiative process to public hearings; reduce signature requirements and get rid of signature buying.
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Table of Contents
Author's Preface 6
Two Constitutions in Trouble 7
Idealism, Revolution and Constitutionalism 8
The Role of Utopian Thinking 12
Jefferson on Constitutions 14
U.S. Constitutional Origins and Foresight 16
Contemporary Constitutional Concerns 17
U.S. Changes 17
An Alaska Role in U.S. Reform? 18
Origins of Constitutional Thought in Alaska 19
The Alaska Convention and Its Model Constitution 21
Egan and the Model Alaskan 23
Idealism and the Economic Framework of Alaska at the Time of a Convention 25
History of Convention Call 29
Reasons a Convention Call May Pass Now 30
Candidates for an Alaska Convention 30
Principal Change Proposals 31
The Preamble 34
Article 1 Declaration of Rights 35
Are Basic Rights Threatened by a Convention? 35
Article 2 The Legislature 49
The Case for and Against a One Chamber Legislature 51
A Parliamentary System 62
Article 3 The Executive 63
Territorial Experience 63
The Attorney General 64
Create an Office of Inspector General 68
Article 4 The Judiciary 80
A Good System As Is 80
A Sidebar on Judicial Power 84
Article 5 Suffrage and Elections 90
Problems in Representational Structure of the United States 90
An Ordinance on Corporate Democracy for Convention Consideration 92
The Use of Ordinances as a Convention Tool 93
Amendment and Additional Proposals 93
Election Management 94
Federal Office Vacancies 97
Article 6 Legislative Apportionment 98
A General Overhaul 98
Article 7 Health, Education and Welfare 104
The Scope of "Free" Public Education 104
A Contemporary Priority Concern: Early Education 104
A Priority Concern: Job Focused Education 106
The Cost of Providing for Free Public Education 106
The Financing of Universal Preschool Programs 107
Public Education and Equal Protection 110
Equal Protection and Village Education 111
Expanding Free Public Education Through the Constitution 112
Article 8 Natural Resources 120
The Federal Role 121
Mining and the Alaska Constitution 122
Alaska as an Oil State 132
VECO and the Wreck of the Exxon Valdez 134
Oil Revenue Reliance 135
Oil and Statehood Politics 136
Alaska Lands and Retained Oil and Mineral Rights 137
Swanson River and the Kenai Peninsula 138
Later Events Coloring Reconsideration of Article 8: The Constitution 138
The Political Environment of Natural Resources in 1955-56 140
Restoring State Management of Fish and Game 140
Article 9 Finance and Taxation 149
The Permanent Fund 152
Purposes of the Permanent Fund: Preschool Education and the Rainy Day 158
The PFD Revisited: A Defense 165
Draft Amendments 171
The Permanent Fund: National Implications 173
Article 10 Local Government 177
Changes Affecting Local Government 183
Article 11 Initiative, Referendum, and Recall 185
Constitutional Criticism 185
Legislative Reactions 186
Initiatives: Their Financial Support 186
The 1955-56 Convention Awareness 187
Continuing Utility 188
Referendum Displacement 188
Use of the Grand Jury: A Proposal 188
Article 12 General Provisions 196
Article 13 Amendment and Revision 200
Article 14 Apportionment Schedule [Repealed] 204
Article 15 Schedule of Transitional Measures 205
The Amendments to the Schedule of Transitional Measures 206
Priorities for a Constitutional Convention 208
A Note About the Author 212
Alaska Constitution 214
Constitutional Amendment Summary 262