The two strands of feminism that have developed in Italy since 1968 emerged from two major movements: Catholicism and Communism. The strength of this clear, comprehensive account is in its ability to explain the relationship of custom, religion, and party to the rising tide of feminism since 1968. Drawing on a wide range of Italian and English-language sources, Birnbaum discusses feminist efforts to deal with specific issues such as contraception and abortion, employment, housing, sexual violence, war, and the Mafia. To complete her study, she describes the influence of Communist and Catholic feminists on the country's culture and politics. This book will be useful in all types of libraries for readers interested in comparative feminism or in contemporary Italian culture and politics. Appendixes include annotated lists of organizations and periodicals. Mary Drake McFeely, Smith Coll. Lib., Northampton, Mass.