Life Beyond the Classroom: Transition Strategies for Young People with Disabilities / Edition 5 available in Hardcover
For more than two decades, the trusted Life Beyond the Classroom text has shaped the practices of thousands of professionals helping students make a smooth transition from school to adulthood. Now this landmark textbook is in a NEW fifth edition—updated with the cutting-edge information professionals need in today's changing world, as young people with disabilities face unprecedented financial, family, employment, and educational challenges.
A definitive compendium of up-to-date, evidence-based transition research, this expanded new edition takes Life Beyond the Classroom to the next level. Future professionals will get all the latest best practices and timely research on the full spectrum of transition topics, from assessment and assistive technology to social skills and self-determination. And with the unparalleled new package of online companion materials (see below for details), instructors will enhance their teaching with videos, activities, PowerPoint slides, and a convenient test bank. With this comprehensive revision of a pioneering text, the next generation of professionals will be fully prepared to give young people with disabilities appropriate, effective, and individualized support as they navigate our increasingly complex society.
- New chapters on critical topics:
- working with families
- multicultural transition planning
- teaching social skills
- secondary curriculum options
- Online companion materials
- Fresh contributions by highly regarded early career professionals
- All chapters completely revised and updated
- The very latest research, statistics, and legislation
- More practical strategies, case studies, and photos
- Updated annotated lists of helpful online resources
- Improved, more user-friendly design
NEW ONLINE COMPANION MATERIALS!
Plan your next course with a comprehensive package of multimedia supplementary materials, unrivaled by any other transition text:
- Videos for every chapter that bring key concepts to life for your students
- 300 downloadable slides aligned with each chapter's content—in PowerPoint format, so you can customize and edit slides
- Activities for every chapter that help students practice key skills, like writing transition plans and conducting assessments
- Chapter introductions with objectives, takeaway points, and study questions
- Convenient test bank with multiple choice, fill-in-the-blank, and short answer/essay questions
|Product dimensions:||7.30(w) x 10.10(h) x 1.70(d)|
About the Author
Mr. Revell conducts research in the areas of state systems change and funding of competitive enrollment outcomes. He is Training Manager for the Training and Technical Assistance for Providers, a project funded by the U.S. Department of Labor, Office of Disability Employment Policy, that is charged with providing technical assistance and information to improve the employment outcomes of individuals with significant disabilities and to reduce the use of subminimum wage certificates. He has worked for more than 30 years in the area of building competitive employment opportunities for individuals with disabilities.
Dr. Wehman is Professor of Physical Medicine with joint appointments in the Departments of Rehabilitation Counseling and also Special Education and Disability Policy at Virginia Commonwealth University. He serves as Chairman of the Division of Rehabilitation Research in the Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation. Dr. Wehman has his Ph.D. in Behavioral Disabilities from University of Wisconsin-Madison.
As one of the original founders of supported employment, he has worked closely with business and industry since 1980 and has published over 200 articles and authored or edited more than 40 books primarily in transition, severe disabilities, autism, traumatic brain injury and employment for persons with disabilities. He has been the Principal Investigator on 41 million dollars in grants during his career.
As the father of two young adults with disabilities, he brings a strong parental as well as business perspective to his work. He is highly active in speaking to professionals, parents, advocates and businesses on transition and employment for people with autism, traumatic brain injury, spinal cord injury and other developmental disabilities. On a daily basis he works with individuals with disabilities, communicates regularly with professionals in the world of business related to disability and diversity, and is active in teaching and mentoring medical students, residents, and doctoral students in rehabilitation medicine, special education, rehabilitation and psychology. A major focus of Dr. Wehman's work is on expanding the partnerships with businesses of all sizes so that more persons with disabilities can gain entrance into the workplace and retain employment successfully.
He is a recipient of the Kennedy Foundation Award in Mental Retardation in 1990 and President's Committee on Employment for Persons with Disabilities in 1992. Dr. Wehman was recognized as one of the 50 most influential special educators of the millennium by the Remedial and Special Education journal in December, 2000. He is also Editor-in-Chief of The Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation.
Michael L. Wehmeyer, Ph.D. is Professor of Special Education; Director, Kansas University Center on Developmental Disabilities; and Senior Scientist, Beach Center on Disability, all at the University of Kansas. He has published more than 25 books and 250 scholarly articles and book chapters on topics related to self-determination, special education, intellectual disability, and eugenics. He is s co-author of the widely used textbook Exceptional Lives: Special Education in Today's Schools, published by Merrill/Prentice Hall, now in its 7th Edition. His most recent book, co-authored with J. David Smith, is Good Blood, Bad Blood: Science, Nature, and the Myth of the Kallikaks, published by the American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (AAIDD). Dr. Wehmeyer is Past-President (2010-2011) of the Board of Directors for and a Fellow of AAIDD; a past president of the Council for Exceptional Children's Division on Career Development and Transition (DCDT); a Fellow of the American Psychological Association (APA), Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Division (Div. 33); a Fellow of the International Association for the Scientific Study of Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities (IASSIDD); and former Editor-in-Chief of the journal Remedial and Special Education. He is a co-author of the AAIDD Supports Intensity Scale, and the 2010 AAIDD Intellectual Disability Terminology, Classification, and Systems of Supports Manual.
Karrie A. Shogren, Ph.D., Professor, Department of Special Education; Co-Director and Senior Scientist, Kansas University Center on Developmental Disabilities; Associate Director, Beach Center on Disability, University of Kansas, 1200 Sunnyside Avenue, Room 3136, Lawrence, KS 66045
Karrie A. Shogren is Professor of Special Education; Co-Director and Senior Scientist, Kansas University Center on Developmental Disabilities; and Associate Director, Beach Center on Disability, all at the University of Kansas. Dr. Shogren's research focuses on self-determination and systems of support for people with disabilities as well as applications of positive psychology and strengths-based approaches to people with intellectual and developmental disabilities; she has a specific interest in contextual factors that affect student outcomes. Her work focuses on developing and researching the efficacy and effectiveness of assessment and intervention approaches for students with and without disabilities to promote self-determination, with a particular focus on the role of these approaches in the transition to adult life and engagement in meaningful adult roles and responsibilities. Dr. Shogren has published more than 100 articles in peer-reviewed journals, is the author or coauthor of 10 books, and is a coauthor of Intellectual Disability: Definition, Classification, and Systems of Support, the 11th edition of the American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities' (AAIDD's) seminal definition of intellectual disability (formerly mental retardation). In addition, she is a coauthor of AAIDD's Supports Intensity Scale—Children's Version and Supports Intensity Scale—Adult Version. Dr. Shogren has received grant funding from several sources, including the Institute of Education Sciences and National Institute on Disability, Independent Living, and Rehabilitation Research. Dr. Shogren is Co-editor of Inclusion and Remedial and Special Education and Associate Editor of Research and Practice for Persons with Severe Disabilities. She has received the Council for Exceptional Children's Division for Research Distinguished Early Career Research Award and the American Association on Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities Early Career Award. Dr. Shogren completed bachelor and master's degrees in psychology at Ohio State University and the University of Dayton, respectively, and her doctoral degree at the University of Kansas.
Pamela Sherron Targett, M.Ed., has worked in the area of disability and employment since 1986. For 22 years she oversaw the day-to-day operations of a fee-for- service supported employment program that assisted individuals with significant disabilities with going to work. During this time she also worked with schools to develop community-based vocational education programs. Her special interests include transition to work for youth with disabilities and individuals with significant support needs, such as brain injury and autism.
Ms. Brooke is a faculty member at VCU and has been working in the field of employment for people with disabilities since 1979. She is Project Director for the Social Security Administrationâ€™s Regional Benefits Planning, Assistance, and Outreach Technical Assistance Center. Ms. Brooke is nationally recognized for her personnel training programs and technical assistance work at the local, state, and federal levels. She has authored numerous book chapters, journal articles, newsletters, and fact sheets on transition and employment for people with disabilities. Her areas of interest include creating business partnerships, systems change, and self-advocacy leadership.
Colleen A. Thoma, Ph.D., earned her doctoral degree from Indiana University, where she began her research on self-determination in transition planning. She is currently Associate Professor in the Department of Special Education and Disability Policy and Director of Doctoral Studies in the School of Education at Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU) in Richmond. She teaches courses on disability policy, transition and secondary education, curriculum and instruction, and characteristics of students with intellectual and/or developmental disabilities. Her research interests include preparation of teachers to support selfdetermined transition planning, student-directed individualized education program development, and the impact of student self-determination on transition and academic outcomes. She has mentored doctoral candidates at VCU (including her co-author, Dr. Christina Bartholomew) in their own research on self-determination, teacher preparation, and transition services. Dr. Thoma's scholarship, teaching, and service have focused primarily in the areas of self-determination, transition planning and services, and teacher preparation. She co-authored a book on transition assessment with Dr. Caren Sax, Transition Assessment: Wise Practices for Quality Lives (Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co., 2002), and has authored or co-authored more than 40 peerreviewed journal articles, book chapters, and technical reports. She is a frequent presenter at major national conferences, with more than 100 peerreviewed presentations over the past 10 years. She is the recipient of VCU School of Education's award for Distinguished Scholarship (2007). Her leadership in the field of transition services also included 5 years on the executive board of the Division on Career Development and Transition, a division of the Council for Exceptional Children, including 1 year as President.
Kimberly Boyd, M.T., received her master in teaching degree in special education from Virginia Commonwealth University and is currently a third-year doctoral student in the Department of Special Education and Disability Policy. Her professional areas of interest include working with students with intellectual disability (ID), postsecondary education for students with ID, and the improvement of transition services for all students with disabilities. Ms. Boyd currently works as a special education coordinator for a local public high school.
Erik Carter is a Professor in the Department Special Education at Vanderbilt University and a member of the Vanderbilt Kennedy Center. His research and teaching focuses on evidence-based strategies for supporting access to the general curriculum and promoting valued roles in school, work, and community settings for children and adults with intellectual and developmental disabilities. Prior to receiving his doctorate, he worked as a high school teacher and transition specialist with youth with significant disabilities. He has published widely in the areas of educational and transition services for children and youth with significant disabilities. He was the recipient of the Distinguished Early Career Research Award from the Council for Exceptional Children and the Early Career Award from the American Association for Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities. His research interests include adolescent transitions from school to adult life; peer relationships and peer support interventions; students with severe disabilities, access to the general curriculum; and religion, congregational supports, and disabilities.
Carolyn Hughes, Ph.D., is an associate professor in the Department of Special Education at Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee, and Project Director of the federally funded Metropolitan Nashville Peer Buddy Program. In 1990, she received her doctoral degree in special education from the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, specializing in the areas of secondary transition and employment and self-management strategies. At Vanderbilt University, Dr. Hughes teaches courses in behavior management and the transition from school to adult life and manages several federally funded research and personnel preparation grants. She conducts research and publishes widely in the areas of self-instruction and self-determination, supporting the transition from school to adult life, and social interaction and social inclusion of high school students. Dr. Hughes is a coauthor of Teaching Self-Determination to Students with Disabilities: Basic Skills for Successful Transition (Paul H. Brookes Publishing Co., 1998) and is on the editorial board of the American Journal on Mental Retardation, Education and Training in Mental Retardation and Developmental Disabilities, Journal of The Association for Persons with Severe Handicaps, Journal of Behavioral Education, and Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions. In addition, Dr. Hughes taught general and special education classes in public schools in Montana for 10 years.
Mr. Griffin is Senior Partner at Griffin-Hammis Associates, LLC, a full-service consultancy specializing in building communities of economic cooperation, creating highperformance organizations, and focusing on disability and employment. He is also Codirector of the U.S. Department of Laborâ€™s National Self-Employment Technical Assistance, Resources, and Training project with Virginia Commonwealth University and former Director of Special Projects at the Rural Institute at The University of Montana. He is also past director of an adult vocational program in southern Colorado, former Assistant Director of the Rocky Mountain Resource and Training Institute, and former Founder and Executive Director of CTAT in Colorado.
Elizabeth Evans Getzel, Ph.D., is Director of Postsecondary Education Initiatives with the Rehabilitation Research and Training Center on Workplace Supports at Virginia Commonwealth University. She has extensive experience conducting research, evaluation, and training in the areas of transition planning for secondary students with disabilities, postsecondary education for students with disabilities, and career planning/employment for individuals with disabilities. She currently directs approximately $3 million of grant-funded projects focusing on supported education in postsecondary education, career development for college students with disabilities, faculty professional development focusing on universal design principles, and secondary education transition services. Her research interests include secondary education transition planning, self-determination skills of college students with disabilites, and effective services and supports for college students with disabilities. Ms. Getzel serves as Associate Editor for the Journal of Postsecondary Education and Disabilityand is on the editorial boards for the Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation and The Journal for Vocational Special Needs Education She has authored or co-authored journal articles and book chapters on transition, career development, postsecondary education, and employment. In addition, Ms. Getzel has presented extensively at state, national, and international conferences and at meetings on her projects and research areas.
LaRon A. Scott, Ed.D., received a bachelor of science degree in criminal justice, with a psychology minor, from Radford University in Virginia. He worked as a mental health/mental retardation case manager before completing a master’s degree in education from Virginia Commonwealth University (VCU). Qualified in special education and mental health, LaRon continues his career, which includes working with at-risk and children and adolescents with special needs by serving as an intensive in-home counselor and special education teacher. Mr. Scott teaches students with disabilities in both academic and community settings. He continues to guest lecture in graduate-level courses at VCU on universal design for learning and self-determination. He was recently named the special education department chairperson at the school where he is employed. In 2007, Mr. Scott received the Iva Dean Cook Teacher of the Year Award, given by the Division on Career Development and Transition of the Council for Exceptional Children.
Carol Schall, Ph.D., Director, Virginia Autism Resource Center, Virginia Commonwealth University, Post Office Box 842020, Richmond, Virginia 23284
Dr. Schall is Assistant Professor of Special Education and Disability Policy at Virginia Commonwealth University. She has been learning from and supporting individuals with autism for more than 25 years. Dr. Schall is involved in supporting individuals across Virginia through her work as the director of the Virginia Autism Resource Center. She is well versed in completing functional behavior assessments and using positive behavior supports to develop comprehensive plans for individuals from a person-centered approach. Dr. Schall is a nationally known speaker. In addition to her speaking engagements, she provides consultations to schools, families, and community services providers who support individuals with autism or related disorders. Dr. Schallâ€™s research interests include the use of psychotropic medication by individuals with autism spectrum disorders and training for parents and professionals who work with individuals with developmental disabilities. Dr. Schall is listed in the 2005 and 2006 editions of Whoâ€™s Who in America and was honored by TASH with their Positive Approaches Award.
Table of Contents
About the Online Companion Materials xi
About the Author xiii
About the Contributors xv
1 Transition: New Horizons and Challenges Paul Wehman 3
Meet the Faces of Transition in America
2010 Survey of Americans with Disabilities: Much Work Remains to Help Persons with Disabilities Gain Employment
National Longitudinal Transition Study-2: What Happens to Youth When They Leave School?
Gallup Poll Employer Results: The News Is Not All Bad
Is Business the Answer to Improving Transition Outcomes?
Making the Journey to Adulthood: The Importance of Setting Goals
Evidence-Based Transition Research: The Foundation for Recommended Practices
Related Disability Legislation
Challenges that Affect Youth with Disabilities
Transition Themes for Success: Why Do Some Students Succeed and Others Do Not?
2 Self-Determination: Getting Students Involved in Leadership Michael L. Wehmeyer Karrie A. Shogren 41
What Is Self-Determination?
Self-Determination, Disability, and Empowerment
Assessments, Methods, and Strategies to Promote Self-Determination
3 Families and Young People with Disabilities: Listening to Their Voices Pamela Targett Paul Wehman 69
Parent and Student Involvement as Key Components of Successful Transition
Barriers to and Strategies for Involvement
Supporting Improved Outcomes
II Transition Planning and Support
4 Individualized Transition Planning: Building the Roadmap to Adulthood Kira Austin Katherine M. Wittig 95
Goals of Individualized Transition Planning
Person-Centered Planning: Values and Transition
Tools and Strategies Associated with Person-Centered Transition Approaches
Student-Directed Transition Individualized Education Programs
Evidence-Based Practices in Transition Planning
What Are the Best Steps to Implement Person-Centered Individualized Transition Planning?
5 Multicultural Transition Planning: Including All Youth with Disabilities Audrey A. Trainor Sunyoung Kim 121
Thinking Ecologically: Understanding Culture as Interaction and Process
Strategies for Transition Planning and Education in a Diverse Society
6 Transition Planning and Community Resources: Bringing It All Together Valerie Brooke W. Grant Revell Jennifer McDonough Howard Green 143
Community Organizations: Service Structures and Outcomes
Social Security Work Incentives: Removing Barriers to Work
Impact of Employment on Supplemental Security Income Benefits
Transition and Community Training, Employment, and Support Programs
Strong Alliances Between Schools and Businesses
III Transition Service Delivery in the Schools
7 Full Inclusion into Schools: Strategies for Collaborative Instruction Kim Spence-Cochran Cynthia E. Pearl Zachary Walker 175
National Commitment to Inclusion
A Historical Perspective on Inclusion
Philosophical Approaches to Inclusion
Special Education Service Delivery
Preparing for Successful Inclusion
Transition and Inclusion
Inclusive Community Programming
8 High-Stakes Accountability and Students with Disabilities: The Past and What's to Come Margaret J. McLaughlin 197
What Are the New Reform Policies?
The Next Phase of the Standards Movement
The Challenge and Opportunity for Students with Disabilities
Educational Attainment and Economic Implications
9 Secondary Curriculum and Transition Emily C. Bouck 215
Issues Facing Secondary Curriculum Types of Curriculum
Guidelines for Teachers in Curriculum Design
10 Assessment and Teaching for Transition Colleen A. Thoma Kimberly Boyd Kira Austin 235
Teaching Academic Content to Secondary Students with Disabilities
The General Education Curriculum
Alteration of or Adaptation to the General Curriculum
11 Teaching Social Skills and Promoting Supportive Relationships Erik W. Carter Carolyn Hughes 261
Importance of Social Skills and Relationships in the Lives of Youth
Challenges Encountered by Youth with Disabilities
Promising and Evidence-Based Intervention Approaches
Developing a Peer Support Program
Promoting Social Skills and Relationships Across Settings
Designing Quality Instruction and Effective Supports
IV Work and Life in the Community
12 Using Technology from School to Adulthood: Unleashing the Power Amy J. Armstrong Tony Gentry Paul Wehman 285
Impact of Assistive Technology on Quality of Life
Employment and Assistive Technology
Acquiring and Using Assistive Technology
13 Securing Meaningful Work in the Community: Vocational Internships, Placements, and Careers Paul Wehman Valerie Brooke 309
What Is Possible: Setting Options for Work
Barriers to Employment Competence
Establishing a National Employment Agenda
Vocational Options: What Are the Choices?
Competitive Employment and Business Models
14 Developing Jobs for Young People with Disabilities Pamela Targett Cary Griffin 339
School's Role in Improving Outcomes
Job Development Defined
Review of Literature
Creating a Job
15 Pursuing Postsecondary Education Opportunities for Individuals with Disabilities Elizabeth Evans Getzel Lori W. Briel 363
New Postsecondary Education Opportunities for Students with Intellectual Disabilities
Dual-Enrollment Opportunities for Students with Disabilities
Postsecondary Transition Considerations
Developing Essential Skills Needed for College
Applying Strategies to Remain in College
V Designing and Implementing Plans for Transition
16 Applications for Youth with Intellectual Disabilities Paul Wehman LaRon Scott 379
Who Are Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities?
Employment and School Participation for Youth with Intellectual Disabilities
Challenges of Working with Youth with Intellectual Disabilities
Assessment of Youth with Intellectual Disabilities
Curriculum Strategies for Youth with Intellectual Disabilities
Evaluating Transition Outcomes for Youth with Intellectual Disabilities
Helping Individuals with Intellectual Disabilities Enter Inclusive Employment
17 Applications for Youth with Learning Disabilities Elizabeth Evans Getzel John J. Gugerty 401
Defining Learning Disabilities
Unique Challenges Presented by Youth with Learning Disabilities
Assessment for Transition
Setting Transition Goals
Universal Design for Learning
Instructing Students in a Multicultural Classroom
Preparing for Transition
18 Applications for Youth with Emotional and Behavior Disorders Paul Wehman Kevin Sutherland Edwin O. Achola 419
Who Are Youth with Emotional Disturbance?
Unique Challenges and Issues for Youth with Emotional and Behavior Disorders
Discipline and Functional Assessment
The Need for Highly Qualified Teachers
Teaching for Transition
Supported Employment Outcomes for Individuals with Emotional and Behavior Disorders
19 Applications for Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorders Carol Schall Pamela Targett Paul Wehman 447
Characteristics of Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorders
Diagnostic and Behavioral Characteristics of Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Autism as a Multidimensional Disorder
Unique Challenges of Transition-Aged Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Outcomes for Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Characteristics of Excellent Transition Programs for Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Transition Team Building for Youth with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Identifying the Vision for Students with Significant Communication Deficits
Curriculum, Literacy, and the Individualized Education Program
Curriculum and Students with Autism Spectrum Disorder Who Work Toward Standard or Advanced Studies Diploma
Scientifically Based Practices for Educating and Supporting Youth and Young Adults with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Behavior Challenges, Functional Behavior Assessment, and Behavior Intervention Plans
Transition Services for Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder
Job Supports for Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorder
20 Applications for Youth with Traumatic Brain Injury and Other Health Impairments Paul Wehman Michael D. West Pamela Targett Charles Dillard 473
Who Are Individuals with Traumatic Brain Injury, Orthopedic Impairments, and Other Health Impairments?
Assessment for Transition: Unique Challenges
Assessment for Transition Needs
Teaching Strategies and Supports for Transition to Work
Designing and Implementing Individualized Transition Plans
Transition from School to Work
The Power of Technology
Evaluation of Transition Outcomes