Many of the ancient South American civilizations evolved in the country now known as Peru. This area in the Andes, on the west coast of South America, is rich in deposits of precious metals and fertile soil for agriculture. The llama was also a valuable resource used by the ancient South Americans to improve their lives. Llamas were domesticated in approximately 1000 B.C. They are still used as pack animals for carrying goods along the steep mountain trials. Their wool is also used to make yarn for clothing and blankets. The Incas were the last in a succession of cultures that evolved in this Andean region. The Chavin predate the Incas and were skilled metal workers. The Moche were fierce warriors. The Nazca left huge carved drawings. The Tiahuanaco built massive pyramids and temples. When the Inca civilization arose, it was the largest empire South American had seen. The Incas ruled over 10 million people. Despite their power and size, they were easily overwhelmed by the Spanish and conquered in the 1570s. Internal strife and the ravages of small pox aided the Spanish in their conquest of the Incas. Richly illustrated with both photographs and drawings, this book is an entertaining introduction to ancient South American culture. 2005, Crabtree Publishing Company, and Ages 6 to 12.