ISBN-10:
0262513706
ISBN-13:
9780262513708
Pub. Date:
03/26/2010
Publisher:
MIT Press
Linguistics: An Introduction to Language and Communication / Edition 6

Linguistics: An Introduction to Language and Communication / Edition 6

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Overview

Linguistics: An Introduction to Language and Communication / Edition 6

A new edition a popular introductory linguistics text, thoroughly updated and revised, with new material and new examples.

This popular introductory linguistics text is unique for its integration of themes. Rather than treat morphology, phonetics, phonology, syntax, and semantics as completely separate fields, the book shows how they interact. It provides a sound introduction to linguistic methodology while encouraging students to consider why people are intrinsically interested in language—the ultimate puzzle of the human mind.

The text first treats such structural and interpretive parts of language as morphology, phonology, syntax, and semantics, then takes a cognitive perspective and covers such topics as pragmatics, psychology of language, language acquisition, and language and the brain. For this sixth edition, all chapters have been revised. New material includes updated examples, new special topics sections, and new discussions of the minimalist program, semantic minimalism, human genetic relationships and historical relationships among languages, Gricean theories, experimental pragmatics, and language acquisition.

The organization of the book gives instructors flexibility in designing their courses. Chapters have numerous subsections with core material presented first and additional material following as special topics. The accompanying workbook supplements the text with exercises drawn from a variety of languages. The goal is to teach basic conceptual foundations of linguistics and the methods of argumentation, justification, and hypothesis testing within the field. By presenting the most fundamental linguistics concepts in detail, the text allows students to get a feeling for how real work in different areas of linguistics is done.

Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780262513708
Publisher: MIT Press
Publication date: 03/26/2010
Series: The MIT Press
Edition description: sixth edition
Pages: 648
Sales rank: 383,019
Product dimensions: 6.90(w) x 8.90(h) x 1.00(d)
Age Range: 18 Years

About the Author

The late Adrian Akmajian was Professor of Linguistics at the University of Arizona.

Richard A. Demers is Professor Emeritus of the Department of Linguistics at the University of Arizona.

Ann K. Farmer, PhD, is an Information Engineer at Google.

The late Robert M. Harnish was Professor Emeritus of Philosophy and Linguistics at the University of Arizona.

Table of Contents

Acknowledgments
Note to the Teacher
PART I
THE STRUCTURE OF HUMAN LANGUAGE
INTRODUCTION
1 What is Linguistics?
2 Morphology: The Study of the Structure of Words
2.1 Words: Some Background Concepts
2.2 CompleX Words and Morphemes
2.3 How Are Words Created?
2.4 Inflectional versus Derivational Morphology
2.5 Problematic Aspects of Morphological Analysis
2.6 The Meaning of CompleX Words and Meaning EXtensions
2.7 Special Topics
More on Compounds
Morphological Anaphora
Classes of Derivational AffiXes
3 Phonetics and Phonemic Transcription
3.1 Some Background Concepts
3.2 The Representation of Speech Sounds
3.3 Special Topics
Vowels before /r/
Contractions in Casual Spoken English
Stress in English Words
4 Phonology: The Study of Sound Structure
4.1 What Is Phonology?
4.2 The Internal Structure of Speech Sound: Distinctive Feature
Theory
4.3 The EXternal Organization of Speech Sounds
4.4 Special Topic
The WordLevel Tone Contour of English
5 SyntaX: The Study of Sentence Structure
5.1 Some Background Conepts
5.2 An Informal Theory of SyntaX
5.3 A More Formal Account of Syntactic Theory
5.4 Special Topics
WhQuestions
Sentence Structure and Anaphora
XBar Theory
6 Semantics: The Study of Meaning and Denotation
6.1 Semantics as a Part of Grammar
6.2 What Are Meaning and Denotation?
6.3 The Scope of a Semantic Theory
6.4 Special Topics
Mood and Meaning
Singular and General
Direct Reference: Deictics and Proper Names
Definite Descriptions: Referential and Attributive
Natural Kind Terms, Concepts, and the Linguistic Division of Labor
Anaphora, Denotation,and Reference
7 Language Variation
7.1 Language Styles and Dialects
7.2 Some Rules of the Grammar of Informal Style in English
7.3 Other Language Varieties
8 Language Change
8.1 Some Background Concepts
8.2 The Reconstruction of IndoEuropean, the Nature of Language
Change, and Language Families of the World
8.3 The Linguistic History of English
PART II
COMMUNICATION AND COGNITIVE SCIENCE
INTRODUCTION
9 Pragmatics: The Study of Language Use and Communication
9.1 Linguistic Communication: Some Background Concepts
9.2 An Inferential Approach to Communication
9.3 Discourse and Conversation
9.4 Special Topics
Performatives
Speech Acts
Meaning, Saying, and Implicating
Pragmatic Presupposition
Speaker Reference
10 Psychology of Language: Speech Production and Comprehension
10.1 Psycholinguistics: Competence, Performance, and Acquisition
10.2 Speech Production
10.3 Speech Comprehension
10.4 Special Topics
The McGurk Effect
Open and ClosedClass Items
The Psychological Reality of Empty Categories
Connectionist Models of LeXical Access and Letter Recognition
11 Language Acquisition in Children
11.1 Some Background Concepts
11.2 Is There s "Language Acquisition Device"?
11.3 Is the Human Linguistic Capacity Unique? Children and
Primates Compared
11.4 Special Topic
Principles and Parameters
12 Language and the Brain
12.1 Where Is Language Localized in the Brain?
12.2 How Does the Brain Encode and Decode Speech and Language?
12.3 Are the Components of Language Neuroanatomically Distinct?
12.4 Special Topics
PET and MRI Imaging
EventRelated Potentials
Japanese Orthography and Graphic Aphasia
AppendiX The Written Representation of Language
Glossary
IndeX

What People are Saying About This

Steven Franks

Linguistics: An Introduction to Language and Communication has long served as the yardstick introductory textbook to Linguistics. This new edition continues in that tradition, offering a carefully updated presentation of diverse aspects of the discipline. The text succeeds in being engaging without sacrificing conceptual sophistication or analytic accuracy, it challenges the reader without overwhelming. Its comprehensive coverage of traditional linguistic topics combined with its cognitive science perspective makes this textbook uniquely adaptable for a broad range of courses. It is to my mind the best overall single volume for making state-of-the-art linguistics accessible to the novice student.

Susannah Levi

The 6th edition of Linguistics: An Introduction to Language and Communication is a wonderful introductory textbook for linguistics. The book is flexible enough to be used in both introductory and more advanced survey courses by including more advanced special topic sections and lengthy reference lists for the interested student. It also combines 'famous' linguistic examples (e.g., Canadian raising) in the presentation of the material and in the exercises with new and clever examples (e.g, 'Cops-ization') to give students a range of linguistic data to consider.

From the Publisher

"The sixth edition of Linguistics: An Introduction to Language and Communication is a wonderful introductory textbook for linguistics. The book is flexible enough to be used in both introductory and more advanced survey courses by including more advanced special topic sections and lengthy reference lists for the interested student. It also combines 'famous' linguistic examples (e.g., Canadian raising) in the presentation of the material and in the exercises with new and clever examples (e.g., 'Cops-ization') to give students a range of linguistic data to consider."Susannah Levi, Department of Communicative Sciences and Disorders, New York University

Endorsement

The 6th edition of Linguistics: An Introduction to Language and Communication is a wonderful introductory textbook for linguistics. The book is flexible enough to be used in both introductory and more advanced survey courses by including more advanced special topic sections and lengthy reference lists for the interested student. It also combines 'famous' linguistic examples (e.g., Canadian raising) in the presentation of the material and in the exercises with new and clever examples (e.g, 'Cops-ization') to give students a range of linguistic data to consider.

Susannah Levi, Department of Communicative Sciences and Disorders, New York University

Steven Pinker

There's a good reason why this Introduction has been the standard for decades: it's consistently inviting, informative, and intelligent. This edition, attuned to the twenty-first century, is the best one yet.

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