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Liquid Crystals / Edition 2

Liquid Crystals / Edition 2

by Iam-Choon Khoo, Bahaa E. A. Saleh


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Product Details

ISBN-13: 9780471751533
Publisher: Wiley
Publication date: 01/22/2007
Series: Wiley Series in Pure and Applied Optics Series , #64
Edition description: Revised Edition
Pages: 384
Product dimensions: 6.40(w) x 9.55(h) x 0.90(d)

About the Author

Iam-Choon Khoo, PhD, is Distinguished Professor of Electrical Engineering at The Pennsylvania State University. Professor Khoo is internationally known for his pioneering and leading work in liquid crystals, and in nonlinear optical phenomena and applications. He is a Fellow of the Optical Society of America, IEEE, and the UK Institute of Physics.

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Table of Contents


Chapter 1. Introduction to Liquid Crystals.

1.1. Molecular Structures and Chemical Compositions.

1.2. Electronic Properties.

1.3. Lyotropic, Polymeric, and Thermotropic Liquid Crystals.

1.4. Mixtures and Composites.

1.5. Liquid Crystal Cells and Sample Preparation.


Chapter 2. Order Parameter, Phase Transition, and Free Energies.

2.1. Basic Concepts.

2.2. Molecular Interactions and Phase Transitions.

2.3. Molecular Theories and Results for the Liquid Crystalline Phaseeter.

2.4. Isotropic Phase of Liquid Crystals.


Chapter 3. Nematic Liquid Crystals.

3.1. Introduction.

3.2. Elastic Continuum Theory.

3.3. Dielectric Constants and Refractive Indices.

3.4. Optical Dielectric Constants and Refractive Indices.

3.5. Flows and Hydrodynamics.

3.6. Field-Induced Director Axis Reorientation Effects.


Chapter 4. Cholesteric, Smectic, and Ferroelectric Liquid Crystals.

4.1. Cholesteric Liquid Crystals.

4.2. Light Scattering in Cholesterics.

4.3. Smectic and Ferroelectric Liquid Crystals: A Quick Survey.

4.4. Smectic-A Liquid Crystals.

4.5. Smectic-C Liquid Crystals.

4.6. Smectic-C* and Ferroelectric Liquid Crystals.


Chapter 5. Light Scatterings.

5.1. Introduction.

5.2. General Electromagnetic Formalism of Light Scattering in Liquid Crystals.

5.3. Scattering from Director Axis Fluctuations in Nematic Liquid Crystals.

5.4. Light Scattering in the Isotropic Phase of Liquid Crystals.

5.5. Temperature,Wavelength, and Cell Geometry Effects on Scattering.

5.6. Spectrum of Light and Orientation Fluctuation Dynamics.

5.7. Raman Scatterings.

5.8. Brillouin and Rayleigh Scatterings.

5.9. Nonlinear Light Scattering: Supraoptical Nonlinearity of Liquid Crystals.


Chapter 6. Liquid Crystal Optics and Electro-Optics.

6.1. Introduction.

6.2. Review of Electro-Optics of Anisotropic and Birefringent Crystals.

6.3. Electro-Optics of Nematic Liquid Crystals.

6.4. Nematic Liquid Crystal Switches and Displays.

6.5. Electro-Optical Effects in Other Phases of Liquid Crystals.

6.6. Nondisplay Applications of Liquid Crystals.


Chapter 7. Electromagnetic Formalisms for Optical Propagation.

7.1. Introduction.

7.2. Electromagnetism of Anisotropic Media Revisited.

7.3. General Formalisms for Polarized Light Propagation Through Liquid Crystal Devices.

7.4. Extended Jones Matrix Method.

7.5. Finite-Difference Time-Domain Technique.


Chapter 8. Laser-Induced Orientational Optical Nonlinearities in Liquid Crystals.

8.1. General Overview of Liquid Crystal Nonlinearities.

8.2. Laser-Induced Molecular Reorientations in the Isotropic Phase.

8.3. Molecular Reorientations in the Nematic Phase.

8.4. Nematic Phase Reorientation Dynamics.

8.5. Laser-Induced Dopant-Assisted Molecular Reorientation and Trans-Cis Isomerism.

8.6. DC Field Aided Optically Induced Nonlinear Optical Effects in Liquid Crystals: Photorefractivity.

8.7. Reorientation and Nonelectronic Nonlinear Optical Effects in Smectic and Cholesteric Phases.


Chapter 9. Thermal, Density, and Other Nonelectronic Nonlinear Mechanisms.

9.1. Introduction.

9.2. Density and Temperature Changes Induced by Sinusoidal Optical Intensity.

9.3. Refractive Index Changes: Temperature and Density Effects.

9.4. Thermal and Density Optical Nonlinearities of Nematic Liquid Crystals in the Visible-Infrared Spectrum.

9.5. Thermal and Density Optical Nonlinearities of Isotropic Liquid Crystals.

9.6. Coupled Nonlinear Optical Effects in Nematic Liquid Crystals.


Chapter 10. Electronic Optical Nonlinearities.

10.1. Introduction.

10.2. Density Matrix Formalism for Optically Induced Molecular Electronic Polarizabilities.

10.3. Electronic Susceptibilities of Liquid Crystals.

10.4. Electronic Nonlinear Polarizations of Liquid Crystals.


Chapter 11. Introduction to Nonlinear Optics.

11.1. Nonlinear Susceptibility and Intensity-Dependent Refractive Index.

11.2. General Nonlinear Polarization and Susceptibility.

11.3. Convention and Symmetry.

11.4. Coupled Maxwell Wave Equations.

11.5. Nonlinear Optical Phenomena.

11.6. Stimulated Scatterings.


Chapter 12. Nonlinear Optical Phenomena Observed in Liquid Crystals.

12.1. Self-Focusing, Self-Phase Modulation, and Self-Guiding.

12.2. Optical Wave Mixing.

12.3. Liquid Crystals for All-Optical Image Processing.

12.4. Harmonic Generations and Sum-Frequency Spectroscopy.

12.5. Optical Switching.

12.6. Nonlinear Absorption and Optical Limiting of Short Laser Pulses in Isotropic Phase Liquid Crystals and Liquids.

12.7. Conclusion.



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